Astana, Kazakhstan, March 7
By Daniyar Mukhtarov - Trend:
Kazakhstan`s statement on the situation in Ukraine reflects two important principles for the country, Charge d' Affaires of Ukraine in Kazakhstan Yuri Lazebnik told Trend on March 6.
"Two very important positions for our country were clearly stated in Kazakhstan's statement on the situation in Ukraine, it urged all sides to renounce the use of power and solve the current problem on the basis of fundamental principles of international law," he said.
On March 3, the Kazakh Foreign Ministry issued a statement on the situation in Ukraine. The statement said that Astana is deeply concerned with the current situation in Ukraine. "Further escalation of tensions may lead to unpredictable consequences at both regional and global levels."
"Kazakhstan calls on all parties to renounce options that imply the use of power and make maximum political efforts to resolve the current crisis by means of negotiations," the foreign ministry stated. "The resolution of the crisis should be based on respect towards the fundamental principles of international law."
Astana urged all parties to maintain a balanced, objective and responsible approach towards the situation and refrain from any actions that could provoke further escalation of the crisis.
All in all, the reaction of the international community demonstrated how stability and peace in Ukraine is important for world, according to Lazebnik.
"As regards the situation in the Crimea, all state authorities of Ukraine focused on not responding by armed methods toward the Russian actions. Not a single case of provocative action from Ukraine in relation to the Russian Armed Forces, Russian citizens residing in our country, or the Russian-speaking population of Ukraine, has been committed in our country for today," Lazebnik said.
Referring to the command of the Ukrainian Navy in Sevastopol, Lazebnik stressed that no military unit, no garrison or ship has fulfilled a Russian military ultimatum to surrender their arms and swear allegiance to the self-proclaimed "Crimean government" or leave the military service.
"There have been no cases of desertion and Ukrainian troops in the Crimea, besides the treason of infamous former commander of the Ukrainian Navy Denis Berezovsky," the Charge d' Affaires said.
Ukrainian citizens themselves will solve the occurring problems with the help of good will from international partners without external provocation, the diplomat noted.
Lazebnik also presented the results of an objective poll conducted from 8 to 18 February in part by the Kiev International Institute of Sociology.
According to the survey, 12.5 percent of Ukrainians consider that Ukraine and Russia should unite in one state. 68 percent of respondents consider that Ukraine and Russia should be independent but friendly states with open borders without visas and customs, 14.7 percent believe that these relations should be the same as with other states - with closed borders, visas, customs.
"Herewith, the idea of union is supported by 25.8 percent of repondents in the east of the country, 19.4 per cent- in the south, 5.4 percent- in the center, 0.7 percent in the West," he said.
The survey specifies that the federal structure in Ukraine is supported only by 15.8 per cent of respondents and is not supported by 61.4 percent. Only 4.5 percent of respondents would like some province of the country to establish an independent state, and 86.9 percent would not like this.
"Ukraine is determined to further operate exclusively through political, negotiating methods. Herewith, we will continue to mobilize the international community for the support the Ukrainian territorial integrity and sovereignty," Ukrainian diplomat concluded.
Mass protests in Ukraine began on November 21, 2013, when the government announced the suspension of the preparation of the Association Agreement with the EU. As a result of the protests, the country's President Viktor Yanukovych was ousted on Feb.22. The Verkhovna Rada (parliament) has approved the new composition of the parliament and is preparing to hold pre-term elections.
On Feb.26 several thousand people participating in two rallies gathered in front of Supreme Council of Crimea. After the escalation of the protest actions in Crimea, the Federation Council supported President Vladimir Putin's appeal regarding the use of the Russian Armed Forces in Ukraine pending 'the normalisation of the socio-political situation in that country'.
Leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK and the U.S., as well as the chairman of the European Council and the chairman of the European Commission made a joint statement condemning Russia's position on Ukraine and cancelled preparations for the G8 summit in Sochi, scheduled for June 2014.
Translated by S.I.
Edited by C.N.