Tashkent, Uzbekistan, March 28
By Demir Azizov- Trend:
The legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan adopted the law "On amendments and additions to certain articles of the Constitution of the Uzbekistan Republic (Article 32, 78, 93, 98, 103 and 117)," the information service of the lower house of parliament reported on March 29.
The adopted amendments to the country's basic law envisage, particularly, redistribution of powers between the president, the legislative and executive powers, as well as increased public and parliamentary control over the activities of government bodies.
In particular, a change, which envisages the transfer of a part of the president's powers to the prime minister and specifying the procedure for submission and approval of the prime minister candidates by the parliament chambers, is aimed at further increasing the self-sufficiency and accountability of the executive power.
The candidate for the prime minister's post must submit an action program of the cabinet of ministers for the near and long term, during consideration and approval of his candidacy at the parliament, according to the introduced amendments.
In general, the Cabinet of Ministers is responsible for conducting effective economic, social, financial, monetary policy, the establishment and implementation of the programs for the development of science, culture, education, health and other sectors of the economy and social sphere.
Strengthening the deputies' field control will be facilitated by adjustments made to the constitution. The heads of administrations of provinces, districts and cities will present reports on important and topical issues of socio-economic development to corresponding Kenghashes (councils) of people's deputies.
Another amendment was made to the constitution, establishing that the president may suspend or revoke the acts of government management bodies and the heads of local administrations (khokims) only in case of their discrepancy with the norms of law.
The document is aimed at further democratization of state power system, the improvement of the constitutional mechanisms for implementing the most important principles of public administration - ensuring the independence and equality of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of power, balance of their powers, effective functioning of checks and balances system among them, the information service reported.
The draft law was submitted for the parliament's consideration on an initiative from Uzbek President Islam Karimov.
The adopted law by the parliament will be submitted to the Senate.
There has been a bicameral parliament in Uzbekistan since 2005. The legislative chamber permanently employs 150 deputies elected in December 2009 from four political parties and the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan for a period of five years.
The upper house - the Senate employs 100 deputies elected in equal numbers - six deputies from the Karakalpakstan Republic, regions and from the city of Tashkent. In addition, 16 members of the Senate are appointed by Uzbekistan president being selected from the most distinguished citizens of the country.
Translated by S.I.