Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Sept. 20 /Trend, H. Hasanov/
By late 2014, the national satellite of Turkmenistan will have three antennas and will cover parts of Europe, Africa and Asia, representative of the Space Agency under the President of Turkmenistan Jeren Annamanova said in an interview with Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper.
"It will have 38 transponders (a kind of transmitter)," the interview said.
Within two weeks of the launch in late 2014, the satellite will begin operations. Specialists of the National Space Agency are now studying abroad and will control the satellite from a ground control center in Turkmenistan.
The satellite will provide all types of communication services - television and radio broadcasting, Internet services, telephone communciations, video conferencing, distance learning, remote medicine and an information network.
According to a contract signed in 2011 with the Turkmen government, the French Thales Alenia Space has started building the first national satellite of Turkmenistan.
In turn, the Chinese industrial company Great Wall has entered into a contract with Thales, in which China will help Turkmenistan launch its first communications satellite.
The launch is scheduled for 2014 from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center with the help of Changzheng - 3B series rocket carrier.
This is the first satellite to be launched by Turkmenistan. It will make a significant breakthrough in the field of telecommunications, and other applications such as Internet and mobile communications.
According to some estimates, the astro-climatic conditions of the country are among the best in the world for astronomical observation. In particular, the transparency of the atmosphere, favourable wind patterns and light intensity allow for over two thousand hours of space observation per year.
It is expected that the artificial satellite can be employed to solve problems in the Turkmen economy. In particular, it will be possible to conduct monitoring of agricultural areas from space, as well as conduct research for the needs of the oil and gas industry and carry out environmental monitoring.
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