Azerbaijan, Baku / corr Trend K.Zarbaliyeva / Azerbaijan celebrates Constitution Day on 12 November. The Constitution of Azerbaijan was adopted by referendum on 12 November 1995.
The constitution is comprised of 5 sections, 12 chapters and 158 articles.
Some changes and supplements were made to the Constitution by referendum in August 2002.
The Constitutional Court of Azerbaijan Republic - the 1st body judicial constitutional control in the history of Azerbaijan - was formed on July 14, 1998. The issue of the establishment of the Constitutional Court of Azerbaijan Republic was finally solved after the acceptance of the new Constitution on November 12, 1995 and since 1998 the Constitutional Court has been carrying out its activities. Seven judges were elected by the Milli Majlis of Azerbaijan Republic upon presentation of the President of the Azerbaijan Republic.
The Constitutional Court of Azerbaijan Republic, as well as other bodies of the Judicial branch, is independent from two other branches of power - Legislative and Executive ones. At the same time its legal status differs in a number of ways. Being ruled only by the Constitution of Azerbaijan Republic the Constitutional Court decides constitutional cases and deals exclusively with issues of the law. Constitution of Azerbaijan Republic and the Law on the Constitutional Court stipulates the status of the Court, its competence and forms of activity. The Law on the Constitutional Court and the Regulations, adopted by the Court itself, set the rules of constitutional case management. The basic principles of activity of the Constitutional Court are based on the principles of supremacy of the Constitution of Azerbaijan Republic, justice, independence, collective responsibility and openness. The competence of the Constitutional Court is determined directly by Article 130 of Constitution of Azerbaijan Republic.