World community can accelerate Palestine-Israel dialogue
Azerbaijan, Baku, Dec. 29 / Trend , U.Sadigova/ Israel's bombarding HAMAS military bases, which killed over 250 civilians, may make the international community push Tel Aviv to accelerate the dialogue with Palestinians.
"When one air strike kills over 200 people, there is no justification. Therefore, the international community should push Israel to promote the dialogue with Palestinians," Christopher Davidson, Dr. of political science at the University of Durham, told Trend by telephone from London.
Israeli Air Force carried out Operation Cast Lead in the Gaza Strip on Dec. 27 and 28. According to the Israeli Health Ministry, Israel's two air strikes killed 310 civilians, with most of them women and children. Israel's Defence Minister Ehud Barak said the operation was necessary "to protect the Israeli population from HAMAS missile attacks".
"We are tired from bearing continuous missile attacks on Israeli cities by HAMAS. Our patience is exhausted. The operation in Gaza will last as long as required," Israeli media quoted Barak.
Barak made this statement after EU and Russia condemned the bombardment and the UN Security Council called on Israel to immediately stop its military operations in Gaza and to sign an armistice.
Leader of the Palestinian Autonomy Mahmoud Abbas said at a news conference on Dec. 28 that dialogue with Israel had been suspended and urged to immediately stop the aggression against the Palestinian people.
Palestinian political scientists called the attack on the Gaza population as "aggression against the entire Palestinian people".
"Despite the political split in the government, every attack, bombardment and any other aggression affects all Palestinians," Akram Hamdawi, spokesperson for the Palestinian Government in Lebanon, told Trend by telephone from Beirut.
After the victory of HAMAS in the parliamentary election of 2006, President Abbas announced dissolution of the Government. As a result, HAMAS leaders pushed out the troops of the governing Fatah party from the Gaza Strip in 2007. Thus, Palestine experienced a political split. HAMAS took control over the Gaza Strip, and the Western Bank and neighbouring areas were subjected to Fatah.
Palestinian political scientists agree with President Abbas that dialogue with Israel should be kept suspended until Israeli troops leave Gaza and open frontiers to deliver required aid to the suffering population.
"The so-called Palestine-Israel dialogue is not realistic amid the current developments. It is wrong to hold any official meeting and talks with Israel until aggression is stopped," Hamdawi said.
However, future Palestine-Israel dialogue will depend on political and military plight of Hamas after Israeli attacks, Amatzia Baram, professor of political science at Haifa University, said.
"If Israel makes sure that Hamas' defensive capacity has weakened and the organization is not able to resist any more, it will lead to great success in Israel's dialogue with Palestinians," Baram said to Trend by telephone.
The reason for failure of previous talks was the constant rise in Hamas military potential and allegations towards ruling Fatah on betraying national interests, Baram said.
"Mahmoud Abbas is interested in weakening of Hamas as it will enable to reach compromise in dialogue with Israel and to adopt any decision independently," he said.
However, future talks will depend on results of Israel's military offensive to a great degree.
Israeli expert says if Hamas wins over Israel in this war, as in case of Hezbollah in 2006, Abbas will be obliged to stop any dialogue with Israel and continue to accuse it of aggression against Palestinians.
Even if the dialogue does not undergo changes, discontent and pressure by the world community on Israel will play a key role in the settlement of the conflict in the Gaza Strip," British expert Davidson said.
"Missile fired at Israel is not a reason for the death of over 250 Palestinians by one air strike," he said.
This is a message for international community that Israel is free in its military actions in Palestine. Therefore, West, especially European countries are likely to put a strong pressure on Tel-Aviv to stop violence against civilians, he added.
"If West responds immediately, it is possible that Israel can follow its decision and sit at the table of talks with the Palestinians by the end of the year," Davidson said.
The clashes between Hamas and Israel became more frequent after six-month truce expired on Dec. 19. The truce signed through Egypt's mediation did not help Palestinian movement and Israel to resume talks.
As a response to blockade of the Gaza Strip and closure of all borders, Hamas fired Qassam missiles to Israeli towns, especially Ashkelon and Sderot.
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