Azerbaijan, Baku, Oct. 29 / Trend T. Hajiyev /
The Turkish ambassador to Azerbaijan Hulusi Kilic due to the 87th Anniversary of the founding of the Turkish Republic has visited the Alley of Martyrs and the memorial to the Turkish soldiers in Baku today.
In 1914-1918, after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the First World War the victorious allies - England, France, Italy and Greece occupied a major part of Turkey. The Ottoman army officer Mustafa Kemal, who didn't put up with this occupation started national liberation movement in the Samsun city May 19, 1919.
The Ottoman government in Istanbul and the victorious allies signed the Treaty of Sevres, formalizing the fact of occupation of a major part of the Turkish territory May 11, 1920. Resistance forces, got together under Mustafa Kemal's leadership, not accepting surrender, began a liberation war against the invaders. A common mobilization was declared Sept.14, 1920. The liberation war ended with full victory of the Turkish people Aug. 30, 1923. Ankara was declared the capital of Turkey Oct.13, 1923. The Turkish Grand National Assembly declared Turkey as a republic Oct. 29.
After long-term discussions at the Lausanne Peace Conference, Turkey was recognized by world powers within the relevant documents. In accordance with the law on surnames, the Turkish Grand National Assembly gave Mustafa Kemal the surname Ataturk in 1934.