U.S. ambassador to IAEA: Iran’s words not matching with its actions

U.S. ambassador to IAEA: Iran’s words not matching with its actions

Azerbaijan, Baku, March 7 /Trend Т .Konyayeva/

Iranian nuclear program still causes concerns of the international community due to lack of Iran's proper cooperation, despite Iran's assurances about the peaceful nature of its nuclear activities, Glyn Davies, the U.S. ambassador to IAEA, believes.

"We believe that the international community is justifiably concerned that Iran's nuclear activities are not exclusively peaceful in nature," Davies told Trend in the exclusive interview. "What Iran says is not the issue, what Iran does and how Iran acts that is the issue here."

Iranian nuclear program has caused concern since 2003, when the IAEA became aware of its concealed activity. In late 2003, Iran signed the Additional Protocol to the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and voluntarily announced about the suspension of uranium enrichment. However, it returned to this activity. Iran insists that as a party to the NPT it has the full right to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.

The enriched uranium can be used to produce nuclear weapons. However, it is necessary as fuel for atomic power plants. Several countries, including the U.S., are sure that Iran strives to develop nuclear weapons and call for to prevent this development.

Until now, the UN Security Council adopted six resolutions, four of which are aimed at imposing sanctions against Iran, demanding to abandon uranium enrichment, and two resolutions containing warnings.

According to Davies, the international community has concerns that Iran kept elements of its nuclear program secret, the concern that Iran refuses to cooperate with the IAEA, to allow the Agency to verify the peaceful nature of Iran's program.

"The IAEA is working hard to clarify the nature of Iran's nuclear program since 2002, when an Iranian opposition group revealed in Iran the presence of the secret Iranian enrichment program," he told. "And in September 2009 Iran declared to the IAEA the second secret enrichment plant that was under construction in Qom. And we believed into that because it was afraid that others had already gained knowledge about that new facility and they were right on that score."

In 2009, prior to the Geneva the meeting between Iran and the P5+1 countries, the IAEA has confirmed the receipt of Iran's notification about the construction of the second uranium enrichment plant on the territory without the consent of international organizations. The Agency has demanded that Iran provide specific information and give access to the new facility near the city of Qom.

The IAEA Board of Governors condemned Iran for building the second uranium enrichment plant and urged Tehran to prove that "no decisions were made on the construction of other nuclear facilities, which are not declared to the agency." Then, talks with Iran had been suspended until 2010.

Davies believes, two Directors General - Mohammad ElBaradei and Yukiya Amano reported essentially the same thing that Iran has failed to report on many issues including important nuclear material, testing centrifuges and enrichment activities.

"Iran has failed to provide timely design information for installations in which nuclear material processing and storage have taken place or will take place," Davies said. "Iran refuses to answer the IAEA's questions or to give the IAEA access to its nuclear facilities, and to talk to the people they need to talk to."

"We believe Iran's refusal to provide clear responses to the IAEA's questions about military nuclear researches and about undeclared nuclear sites has left the Agency unable to confirm that all aspects of Iran's nuclear program are peaceful," he said. "That leads us to conclude that Iran is a threat because it is not upholding its commitments under the NPT and because it continues to expand and enlarge its nuclear program and strengthen its ability to develop nuclear weapons."

NPT is a multilateral international document developed by the UN Committee on Disarmament to prevent the expansion of the number of countries possessing nuclear weapons, ensure the necessary international monitoring of the obligations taken by the countries under the Treaty, create opportunities for the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

Parties of the treaty are almost all independent countries of the world, except Israel, India, Pakistan and North Korea.

According to the Additional Protocol to the NPT, which is signed individually between the IAEA and each country, the IAEA inspectors should be provided with greater rights of access to locations arousing suspicion.

In addition, states assume the obligation to submit more detailed documentation for the construction of new nuclear facilities at the design stage. The Protocol grants a possibility to conduct unannounced inspections if the IAEA has any doubts.

Late 2003, Iran agreed to sign the Additional Protocol, but this document has been never ratified by the Iranian parliament.

In February 2006, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad gave an order to suspend the additional protocol.

Iran's scientific achievements does not prove peaceful purpose of nuclear activities

According to Davies, Iran is technically quite capable in many ways but there has been no independent confirmation of these nuclear achievements that Iran has claimed.

"In the past we found that Iran has sometimes exaggerated its abilities and its accomplishments," he said. "The claims that Iran is making do not demonstrate the exclusively peaceful nature of the nuclear program."

In February, Iran announced two achievements in the nuclear field - development of the fusion technology and production of new radioactive drugs.

Development of the fusion technology named IR-IECF has been started since March 2010. This technology is used in cancer treatment, too.

New type of anti-prostate and lung tumor radiopharmaceuticals Bombesin Gallium-68 (68 Ga-bombesin) was produced at medical, industrial and agricultural research center located in town of Karaj affiliated to Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI).

Davies noted only the IAEA has the responsibility to verify that nuclear activities are exclusively peaceful in nature.

"The latest report we have got from Mr. Amano, the Director General, says very clearly that Iran is not providing the necessary cooperation to the Agency to verify all of Iran's nuclear material is in peaceful activities," Davies underscored.

"I would say with regards to that in the general manner: this is not much about Iranian scientific achievements because Iranians are quite capable to have them. They've got good scientists. It is really about the nuclear program's relationships with the rules that Iran signed up to. When they signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and when they joined the IAEA," Davies thinks.

Tour of nuclear facilities was an Iranian ploy

Iran by inviting a certain number of ambassadors to a certain few nuclear facilities wasn't addressing the concerns of the international community, Davies believes.

"I think that tour was a real failure because many of the ambassadors they invited shows not to go," the ambassador noted. "I don't think that invitation changed anything about Iran's international obligations."

Early January, Iran's ambassador to the IAEA, Ali Asghar Soltanieh extended the invitation to tour some of the Iranian nuclear sites to the P5+1, some European countries, Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), the Group of 77, the Arab League.

Among the invitees were Russia and China, pursuing a dual-track strategy toward Iran, as well as Brazil and Turkey, who voted against the new UN sanctions in 2010. Such countries as USA, UK, France and Japan, voted for the sanctions, have not been invited.

Iranian authorities had planned to demonstrate the foreign representatives two uranium enrichment plants in Natanz and Arak heavy water plant.

According to Davies, the invitation hasn't change the central point which is that Iran has obligations to the IAEA and to the international community.

"A pre-arranged guided tour for a very few ambassadors is a real theatre, it's a distraction," he said. "It is hardly the same thing as a full cooperation with the IAEA."

Davies noted the IAEA is a multilateral body who charges quite ensuring that countries abide by the nuclear obligations.

"Iran was trying to persuade these few IAEA ambassadors of its cooperation with the international community. The vast majority of ambassadors in Vienna declined the invitation recognized this for what it was. This was a ploy," Davies undercsored.

The most ambassadors declined to go on a tour and told Iran what Iran has not to have tours of a few facilities, but it would rather to cooperate with the IAEA, Davies added.

"Iran should provide the necessary access to the IAEA to monitor and to verify its nuclear facilities and to answer the IAEA's questions," Davies thinks.

West has not slammed the door in Iran and extending a hand to them

According to Davies, the discussions in Istanbul were long and difficult. "We were under no illusions that this process would be easy, and certainly the experience of the talks in Istanbul enforced the impression that we had," he said.

Talks on Iran's nuclear program between the P5+1 (five permanent members of the UN Security Council - the United States, China, Russia, France, Great Britain - and Germany) and Iran were held in December, 2010 in Geneva after a 14-month break. The next round of discussions took place on 21-22 January, 2011 in Istanbul. The meeting was chaired by EU High Representative for the Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Catherine Ashton.

After the Istanbul talks, when addressing to journalists, Ashton told that she was disappointed with the results of discussions on Iran's nuclear program and with lack of movement by Iran.

Davies believes "the only thing Iran did in Istanbul, it presented preconditions for moving ahead: they demanded recognition of the right to enrich uranium and they demanded the lifting of sanctions."

"These preconditions were unacceptable, and each one of the P5+1 members made clear that we can't proceed on that basis," Davies said. "Iranians were trying to demand that these concessions be made before they were going to sit down and have a real discussion. That is a reason why the Istanbul talks were not opportunely successful, because Iranians were unwilling to come without unacceptable conditions."

Davies noted the objective of the P5+1 has been to build confidence to a phased approach, to address the serious concerns about Iran's nuclear program and the obligations imposed on Iran that are sorted out in repeated Security Council's resolutions and resolutions of the IAEA.

"We were not offering to engage with Iran as obligate to talk," he added.

"It's up to Iran to take concrete and convincing steps toward credible engagement," Davies underscored. "We haven't clapped the door in them, we are extending a hand to them and they continue to refuse to step to that door and they continue to slap down our hand."

Georgian banks see increase in interest income
Georgian banks see increase in interest income
National Bank of Georgia reveals data on losses of commercial banks
National Bank of Georgia reveals data on losses of commercial banks
Bahar Azadi gold coin price again falling in Iran
Bahar Azadi gold coin price again falling in Iran
Loading Bars
Urban transformation back on track for ‘abandoned’ Istanbul neighborhood
“Scorched earth” strategy of Armenians leaving Azerbaijani Kalbajar region did not escape EC attention - report
President Rouhani: Iran to be able to mass produce coronavirus vaccine soon
Turkmenistan is convinced of the need to attract political-diplomatic tools to achieve peace and prosperity in Afghanistan
Georgian banks see increase in interest income
Azerbaijan’s revenues from export of hazelnuts down
Azerbaijan’s import of plastics and plastic products drops
Turkmenistan will continue to cooperate with Afghanistan on security issues
Nursing homes will be first to get COVID-19 vaccine in Spain
Troops from Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan who took part in Karabakh conflict, return home (PHOTO)
Speaker of Azerbaijani parliament takes part in int’l conference initiated by Turkish parliament, PACE (PHOTO)
Any result that acceptable for Azerbaijan - acceptable for Turkey too, FM says
Volume of paid services in Azerbaijan’s Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic down
Azerbaijan shows aerial footage of Shusha city (VIDEO)
Kazakhstan eyeing to develop information system for accounting of oil and gas condensate
Anglo Asian Mining's production of precious metals in Azerbaijan may decrease
Uzbekistan eyes to increase share of renewable energy sources by 2030
Airbus CEO says industry might need until 2025 to reach pre-crisis levels
Parliament's plan to increase subsides - costly for Iranian government
Ukrainian companies enter Uzbek commodity exchange
National Bank of Georgia reveals data on losses of commercial banks
Import of sugar and confectionery by Azerbaijan down
Demand for Turkish electrical goods on Kazakh market grows in 10M2020
Azerbaijan confirms 1,259 more COVID-19 recoveries
Bahar Azadi gold coin price again falling in Iran
Azerbaijan discloses data on destroyed houses in liberated Fuzuli district
Baku Media Center prepares video covering Armenian vandalism on occupied territories of Azerbaijan (VIDEO)
Russian president hopes for participation of int’l organizations in Karabakh conflict settlement
Power abuse by major states prevents resolving conflicts - Russian FM
Uzbek-Korean JV to buy electrical products via tender
Turkmenistan offers business opportunities for Switzerland in number of fields
North-South Corridor - on Iran's agenda - Minister of Roads and Urban Development of Iran
Turkish, Russian military personnel to jointly patrol in Nagorno-Karabakh - Turkish MoD
Azerbaijan shows footage from Abdal, Gulabli villages of Aghdam district (VIDEO)
Egyptian air operator enters Uzbek market
Uzbekistan to introduce changes to electricity payments in 2021
Iran assigns more funds to complete unfinished projects
Turkmenistan's Turkmennebit opens tender for purchase of equipment
Azerbaijan’s startup sector expects big investments
Iran's ten-month import of steel from Turkey drops
Tesla set to breach $500 billion in market value
State budget for 2021-2023 approved in Kazakhstan following amendments introduction
Kazakhstan's bitumen output exceeds 2020 plan as maintenance works held country-wide
Port of Baku reveals total 10M2020 cargo shipments
New railway vehicles put into operation in Iran
Iran`s Zarif to visit Moscow and Baku despite postponement
Kazakhstan looking to double renewables share in electricity production
Iran continues to cut reliance on oil revenue
Volume of container transshipment between Kazakh, Azerbaijani ports almost triples
LUKOIL refusing plans to construct giant petrochemical complexes
Iran, Qatar sign an extensive Memorandum of Understanding to facilitate cooperation
Switzerland names main trade statistics with Turkmenistan
Dry cargo transshipments through Baku port grow in 10M2020
LUKOIL says reducing oil exports to Europe is inevitable
Georgia receives new buses of modern standards
Georgian hazelnuts exports up
Georgia sees increase in export of tangerines
Ryanair wants to be 'at front of queue' for new 737 MAX order
Azercell’s Mobile Eye Clinic joins campaign for IDPs initiated by the UN (PHOTO)
El Al to launch Tel Aviv - Dubai flights next month
Kazakhstan’s third-quarter economic performance benefits from recovery of oil prices
Azerbaijan informs UNESCO, ISESCO about results of initial monitorings on liberated areas
Turkmenistan’s private sector participates in dev't of poultry farming
Iran discloses plan on creation of new jobs in Yazd Province
Destroyed Armenian positions firing at Azerbaijani army during recent hostilities shown (PHOTOS)
Central Bank of Azerbaijan discloses data from foreign exchange auction
CBI announces Iran's external debt
Azerbaijan starts to grow bananas - Azerbaijani Ministry of Agriculture
Azerbaijani servicemen help Armenians to move belongings from villages of Aghdam district (VIDEO)
PAYSIS expanding range of innovative services in Azerbaijan
Iran reveals COVID-19 data for November 24
E-Space reveals volume of EVs registered in Georgia
Azerbaijan discloses volume of tobacco harvested this season
Russian insurance agency to fund Uzbekistan’s hydrocarbon raw materials production
Iran to boost apple production
Georgia reveals volume of exported apples
Income of Chinese contractor of infrastructural projects in Georgia up
We were able to get necessary international support in key issue for us - President Aliyev
LUKOIL says $40/bbl is worst case scenario for oil prices
If we had not created necessary legal framework for resolving conflict, we could have faced problems today - President Aliyev
Iran registers order at COVAX to buy vaccine
Air traffic reduces in Georgia - EUROCONTROL
Second asphalt layer of Ashgabat-Turkmenabat highway being laid
Russian Export Center discloses value of support for exports to Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan's import of limestone, cement down in 10M2020
Aghdam operation was part of our plans - President Aliyev
Kocharyan and Sargsyan, you have knelt before us - President of Azerbaijan
We will restore the city of Aghdam - President of Azerbaijan
No-one should worry, especially leaders of Western countries - President Aliyev
Pashinyan imprisoning captures all opposition, West remains silent - President Aliyev
Many times when I was on line of contact, in trenches, I thought that one day we would return - President of Azerbaijan
I said, Pashinyan, you personally must give us a timetable, you must do it yourself - President Aliyev
We have destroyed enemy in hand-to-hand battle, crossing ravines, forests, mountains, and liberated Shusha - President Aliyev
Precious metal prices in Azerbaijan down
Victory on battlefield made it possible to liberate Aghdam district without a single shot - President of Azerbaijan
Today, many developed countries studying our experience - President of Azerbaijan
Some int'l organizations did not want to reveal identity of occupier in documents adopted - President Aliyev
We do not depend on anyone, do not depend on any country, on any int'l financial institution - President Aliyev
New gas condensate storage facilities to be launched in Iran's Asaluyeh County
Uzbekistan’s largest import of wood products falls on Russia
All news