Iran needs SCO strategically
Azerbaijan, Baku, Nov. 14 / Trend T. Jafarov, D.Khatinoglu /
Iran will lose most economic and politic opportunities if it can't become the Shanghai Cooperation Organization member, Iranian political expert and professor of the Tehran University Bahram Amir Ahmadian told Trend.
Ali Bageri, Deputy Secretary of Iranian Higher National Security Council, reported on Friday that Iran wants to become a SCO full member-country, Interfax news agency said.
"With regarding the increasing of NATO expansion as UN Security Council's executive arm from Balkan to Afghanistan, Iraq, Africa etc. Iran has to be supported by a regional organization such as SCO, otherwise, Iran could not resist the West Country's pressure", Amir Ahmadian said.
At present, Iran, India, Mongolia and Pakistan have observer statuses in the six-nation SCO.
The SCO is a regional international organization established by the leaders of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in 2001.
Amir Ahmadian said that Iran's isolation can be a model for possible future tensions between Russia, Central Asia and the West countries as well. Then SCO members can be powerful by accepting Iran and expanding their support more to the countries of the region, especially to Afghanistan.
Iran's refusal to abandon its nuclear activities has resulted in resolutions adopted by the UN Security Council in 2010, as well as additional unilateral sanctions approved by the U.S. Congress and the foreign ministers of all EU countries, which were primarily directed against the Iranian banking, financial and energy sectors.
At present, China and Russia as BRIC countries are the SCO full members and India is the observer. These countries need a huge volume of energy import.
In economics, BRIC is a grouping acronym that refers to such countries as Brazil, Russia, India and China, which are all deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development.
Iran and Russia are the world biggest gas holders. Iran ranks third in term of oil reserves in the world, and then can be very vital to China and India.
India and China almost import oil and gas via marine roots, but all of the transitions in free waters are under the U.S. forces' control. Therefore, Iran with 160 billion barrels of oil and 33 trillion cubic meters of gas can be a strategic energy onshore partner for India and China.
Iran can provide transition onshore routes especially via railways among India, China and Central Asia as well.
Iran does not have any ideological or strategic partner in the region. But it has huge economic, military and politic experiences gained during the resolution cases and can share with other members.