Problematic Afghanistan

Trend expert Arzu Nagiyev

After 16 civilians were shot in Afghani province of Kandahar, the demonstrations began throughout the country and continue up to now.

The relations between the U.S. and Afghanistan deteriorated in February, after a few copies of the Koran were burnt at the Bahram military base.

The U.S planned to hold talks with the Taliban to ensure the stability of the Afghani current government, to withdraw troops and to stop the civil war in Afghanistan in 2014.

The U.S. tried to hold trilateral talks with the Afghani government.

The Taliban does not consider Karzai's government as legitimate and refuses from negotiating with it. The Taliban were going to establish a representative office in Qatar. They wanted to begin negotiations to exchange five military held in prison at Guantanamo for one captured U.S military. One can say that the talks were very close to a positive ending.

Official Kabul did not want to meet with the Taliban in Qatar, as the Afghans said that the meeting with the Taliban is carried out without their consent. They considered it essential that any decision connected with the meetings, was made by the Afghan government, rather than Washington. From this perspective, the Afghani government proposed other variant of holding a meeting with the Taliban - in Turkey or Saudi Arabia as opposed to the bilateral meeting.

According to the conclusions, Karzai is trying to control a certain part of the territory after the alliance's forces are withdrawn from the region. After the events, the president during a meeting with U.S. Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta said that Afghan forces will be ready to control the safety of the country in 2013, rather than in 2014, as it was previously reported. The Pentagon also stressed that this is impossible in the near future. Despite the events, it states about the implementation of the process according to the plan, that is, in 2014.

Afghanistan is a very favorable ground for the deployment of tactical nuclear weapons, including all kinds of weapons. As a result of the reconstruction of airfields, one can even "bother" the nuclear centers of China and Pakistan. One might say that NATO forces placed in Afghanistan are able to control the region, including Central Asia, Iran and India.

Moscow carefully considers the negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghani government and opposes the restoration of the whole movement. Moreover, it is not fully ready to control the situation in 2014 after the troops are completely withdrawn.

China is very interested in turning Afghanistan into a neutral country and intends to strengthen its economic and political influence in this country.

India is concerned about the Taliban's returning to power in connection with the withdrawal of troops, increased tension and the threat of terror in its relations with Pakistan.

According to the UN report, about 3,021 civilians were killed in Afghanistan in 2011, or 8 percent more compared to 2010, and 77 percent of these losses were committed by the Taliban and other illegal groups.

About 419 people were killed by governmental troops and NATO formations, 976 people died as a result of improvised explosives, that is, 14 percent of Afghan civilians. As a result of crimes committed by suicide bombers, the death toll increased to 431 people, that is, up to 80 percent.

About 185,000 Afghan civilians left the country due to armed conflict last year, or 45 percent more compared to 2010.

Statistics facts allow making conclusions that, despite the efforts of the Western allies and the Afghan government, it is too early to talk about stabilizing the situation.

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