In January to May of 2005 the transport remained to be an important sector in non-oil sector. Major field indices вЂ" cargo transportation, the volume of cargo and passenger transportation вЂ" demonstrated stable rise. The cargo transportation made up 49.1 million tons, or 6.8% up as compared to 2004.
The automobile transportation occupied major part of the cargo transportation (25,000,2 tons), growing 5.6% as compared to 2005. 55.8% of all cargo transportation fell on private sector with a rise of 8%, while public sector held 5.2% with a rise of 4.4%.
In January to May cargo turnover of the transport sector grew 9.7% as compared to 2004. The railway transportation played considerable role in entire transportation. Special weight of railway transport in cargo transportation comprised 34.2% with a rise of 16.5%. Shipping rose 9.1% and automobile вЂ" 7.4%. However, a 9.3%-drop was fixed in the gas pipelines in connection with seasonal changes.
The aggregate amount of passenger transportation grew 4.2% and made 398.7m men. In his period 83.6% of passengers used automobile transport, 15.9% used metro.
In this period the cargo transportation and cargo turnover by automobiles with consideration of physical entities reached 25.8 million tons and 2.9 billion ton/km, rising by 5.9% and 7.4% respectively. Passenger transportation by automobiles rose only by 3.3% and comprised 332.4 million people.
In January to May the railway transportation grew 14.4% to 9.5 million tons. Oil and oil products transported via the main oil pipelines comprised 75.7% of the total, while the construction materials вЂ" 18.5%. The cargo turnover rose 16.5% to 3.5 billion tons/km.
The cargo shipping comprised 5.7 million tons with a drop of 1.4%. It was linked with a bar laid on passage of three Azerbaijani vessels in the Russian internal waters, which resulted in loss of $450,000. 75.2 of cargo deliveries fell on oil and oil products. The cargo turnover grew 9.1%, comprising 3.0 billion ton/km. Passenger transportation dropped by 30.9%.
In this period oil transportation via oil pipelines rose 12.8% as compared to 2004 and comprised 5,3 million tons. Meanwhile, gas transportation via main oil pipelines made up 4.0 million cu m of natural gas, or 1.3% up as compared to 2004. 56.3% of entire gas transportation fell on the Russian import. The cargo turnover of the main oil pipelines fell 1.9%.
Passengers transportation via airways grew 8.0% and 407,700 people, including 5.5% implemented by private sector.
Metro remains to be the popular and profitable. The passenger transportation by this transportation grew 9.8% as compared to 2004 and comprised 63.4 million people. The passengers with definite privileges made up 20,000. However, the transportation via trolley busses reduced 46.1% and was equal to 362,800 people.