Azerbaijan, Baku, Dec. 29 / Trend T. Konyayeva /
"Amnesty International" is concerned about a new wave of violence in Iran followed after opposition members' protests in Ashura mourning day, "Amnesty International" researcher on Iran Drewery Dyke said.
"Certainly, "Amnesty International" and other human rights groups are extremely concerned about this turn of events in Iran. We had warned the authorities about results of these events, possible bloodshed and so on," Dyke told Trend over phone.
Opposition supporters and police clashed on Ashura Day Dec. 27 in Tehran. According to the international news agencies, the riots resulted in the deaths of 15 people. Police arrested 300 people.
According to the Iranian news agencies, eight people were killed during clashes. Iranian opposition leader Mir-Hossein Mousavi's nephew was among them.
These riots were the biggest ones after the presidential elections held in June 2009. Mobile telephone services and the Internet have been disconnected that day.
"Amnesty International" calls on the Iranian authorities not to use force, Dyke said.
"We have repeatedly called on the Iranian authorities to ensure that the Basij, the paramilitary forces, will not be deployed in demonstrations because the experience has shown they have been responsible for human rights violation, firing upon and possible killing of demonstrators notably in June and possibly in July events as well.
During the demonstration on December 27, the Basij, the paramilitary forces of civilian volunteers, under the command of the Revolutionary Guards, and police ensured security.
During the June riots, representatives of Basij used firearms.
It's a very serious turn of events. We are seeing that it's time for the Supreme Leader and leader of the revolutionary guards to call upon publicly the Basij and so-called Guard-e Vije, the special guards that were used yesterday, to leave the streets and to debar them to ensure security during demonstrations, Dyke said.
He said both of them were given clear instructions for use of force.
"We must remind now that there will be gatherings, funerals and another commemorations for killed people, such as seven and forty-day-ceremonies soon. We renew a call upon the Supreme Leader and the government to assure that those gatherings to be held within Iran's international obligations. According to them, people must have an opportunity to gather.
Iran is a participant of the international human rights treaties, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which guarantees the right to peaceful assemblies and expression.
The funeral of 35-year-old Sayed Ali Mousavi, nephew of former presidential candidate and political leader, Mir-Hossein Mousavi, presumably, will be held together with the funeral of other demonstrators killed in the coming days.
"Commencement of the violence yesterday is an upward spiral of the violence in the country," Dyke said.
He mentioned that human rights activist Emadeddin Baghi, political leader Ebrahim Yazdi and other advisors to Mir Hossein Mousavi have been arrested.
He said "Amnesty International" clarifies consequences connected with their arrest.
"I have seen the report in which Emadeddin Baghi's colleagues say that four plain-clothed unidentifiable individuals forcibly entered Baghi's residence and arrested him. His arrest is possibly connected with his appearing with Ayatolla Montazeri in the video before the latter's death.
Clarifications should be done on their fates in the nearest days, Dyke said.
Unfortunately, the only thing we are able to do is to give our voice to these events what we and the international community have been doing recently. A number of states, as well as certain human rights defenders in Iran have expressed their concern over the situation in Iran, Dyke said.
"Amnesty International" must keep on its messages, reminding to Iran's authorities that they have no right to use force, as it does not correspond with the international and Iranian legal stands, Dyke said.
"We hope this message will give people a full idea to let them understand what the state is here (Iran). We see an increasing level of violence now. The authorities resort to violence much and much quicker. These events were wholly avoidable, they could be forgone. Nobody needs those events," he said.
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