Kazakhstan, Astana, Jan. 18 / Trend K. Konyrova /
Kazakhstan should manage the migration process, Kazakh Labor and Population Protection Minister Gulshar Abdikalikova said at the governmental hour on "Social-labor sphere: 2009 results and main priorities for 2010."
"Calls linked with the global integration processes, population's aging and growth of race for skilled labor resources, lead to the necessity of resolving one more issue - problems of managing the migration processes," he said. "Regarding this, the ministry has developed projects on improvement of the migration legislation and 'Law on population's migration.'"
According to her, despite the complex economic situation, the quota of oralman's (ethnic Kazakhs living in Kazakhstan's neighboring countries) was increased to up to 20,000 families. In 2009, it was fulfilled by 78 percent.
"The ministry has realized three pilot projects in three pilot regions, including the South-Kazakhstan, East-Kazakhstan and the Akmolinsk region. About 959 families, 253 of which received houses, returned under this project," he added.
She reminded that the new strategy aimed at the realization of the country's geopolitical interests, social-economic development and the strengthening of national consolidation.
She said the adaptation and integration of repatriates, including rational settling all over the republic, employment and solving housing problem hold a special place in the policy of ethnic migration. They will be implemented within this program.
Abdikalikova said it is planned to establish three categories of labor migrants, including foreign employees, seasonal foreign employees and business immigrants. The varied norms of admission, staying and dealing with labor activity will be used towards them.
"Along with the overall quota will be established a country-and sector-specific quotas, and quotas for priority projects. This will allow pursuing a selective policy and meeting the needs of the workforce of individual industries identified by the government as a priority," the minister said.
According to her, attracting highly qualified professionals should not happen at the expense of local staff. Work permit for such professionals will be granted on the basis of a preferential list, defined by the Kazakh government.
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