Official: Underground water reserves in Iran below standard
Azerbaijan, Baku, Jun.3/ Trend F.Karimov/
Reserves of underground water in Iran are not in a good condition, the Mehr News Agency quoted Iranian deputy energy minister Mohammad Haj-Rasouliha as saying.
"Considering the low annual precipitation in the country, the use of underground water resources should be properly controlled," he added.
Haj-Rasouliha noted that installing smart meters over water wells could be a solution to regulate the exploitation of underground water.
In December 2012, IRNA quoted director of Iran's forests, pastures, and watershed management organisation Alireza Orangi as saying that Iran plans to curb the potential encroachment of some six million hectares area of desert lands by the end of the fifth five-year development plan (March 2016).
Over 400 billion rials will be allocated to 23 provinces to implement plans to curb desertification, he noted.
"Some 2.5 million hectares area of land have so far been prevented from being turned into deserts by planting saplings and spreading mulch which is a layer of material applied to the surface of an area of soil," he added.
In September 2012, the director of the department for water and wastewater affairs at the ministry of energy Alireza Dayemi stated that precipitations have decreased to the lowest level over the past five years in the central parts of Iran, causing drought in the region.
"The average annual rainfall has dropped from 251 millimetres to 200 millimetres," Dayemi told the Mehr News Agency.
"The irregular exploitation of underground and surface waters is also another reason for the drought in the central parts of the country," he said.