World Bank Publicizes Report on Worldwide Governance Indicators
Azerbaijan, Baku / corr Trend E.Huseynov / The World Bank (WB) has publicized a report on Worldwide Governance Indicators. The research was carried out in 212 countries and territories, including post-Soviet countries, according to the Washington ProFile.
The report is titled 'Governance Matters, 2007: Worldwide Governance Indicators 1996- 2006'. The indicators are based on 33 individual data sources and views of "tens of thousand household and firm survey respondents." The statistics also consider the opinions of nongovernmental organizations and public sector experts.
The quality of governance has deteriorated in Nepal, Belarus, Bolivia and Cote d'Ivoire. Countries as diverse as Kenya, Rwanda, Indonesia, Alegia and Tajikistan have made "significant progress" in improving governance over the decade.
The document reports aggregate and individual governance indicators for six dimensions of governance. They are voiceand accountability, political stability and absence of violence, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law and control of corruption. The aggregate indicators combine the views of a large number of enterprise, citizen and expert survey respondents in industrial and developing countries. The individual data sources underlying the aggregate indicators are drawn from a diverse variety of survey institutes, think tanks, non-governmental organizations, and international organizations.
The assessment was carried out on the basis of percentage indicators. Every country was rated in accordance with 6 criteria. For instance, a 70% rating signifies the governance is better in that country as compared to 70% of world countries, while worse is 30% of world countries. For ease of reference a 7-point scale is used where 1 denotes the highest rating (it means that the rating of a country in this category is 90-100%), 7 is the lowest rating (0%, the country is the worst this category), a '2' means rating of 75%-90%, '3' of 50%-75%, '4' of 25-50%, '5' of 10-25%., '6' of (0-10%).
The highest mark was given to Finland, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway and Switzerland. The unconditional outsiders were Congo, Iraq, Myanmar ( Burma) and Somali. These countries became closer to Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.
Azerbaijan received '6' on 4 categories (Voice and Accountability, Political stability, Superiority of the Law and Control of Corruption), '4'on 2 other categories (Efficiency of Governance and Quality of Legislation').
Russia 'five' for efficiency of Governance and Quality of Legislation, whilst the rest obtained 'six'. Belarus received the lowest point at '7' on Voice and Accountability section and legislation, but it got '6' for Efficiency of Governance, 'Superiority of the Law' and 'Legislation', '3' for - political stability. Georgia got 6 for Political stability, '4' for Efficiency in Governance, its mark on the rest categories was '4'.
Kazakhstan got 'five' for 'Political stability', 'Efficient Governance Work' and Quality of Legislation', the rest categories were estimated by 'six'.