Azerbaijan, Baku, Oct. 2 / Trend /
Trend deputy director Seymur Aliyev
Azerbaijan has fully ensured its energy needs recently. Now it is considering the possibility of its export to other countries. Full provision with electricity is one of the pillars of energy security of the country. It is inseparably linked with oil and gas sector.
These results were achieved not only through the reconstruction of the available capacity. Several electric power plants were built and commissioned in the Republic rapidly. They increased the country's energy security and allowed to launch export projects.
At present, Azerbaijan has 13 thermal power stations and six hydroelectric power plants with total capacity of 6,400 megawatts.
Azerbaijani power system will be increased by 9,000 megawatts till 2015. Moreover, alternative and renewable energy sources must hit 10 percent of this figure.
The volume of Azerbaijani power system is projected at 6,000 megawatts for 2010. But now it hits 6.500 megawatts. The power of energy system was increased by 2,700 megawatts over the last five years.
Today the Republic together with the adjacent countries is developing several projects that will enable it to export the produced electricity.
Georgia and Azerbaijan signed the memorandum to develop energy systems. This memorandum envisages further reconstruction and modernization of the 500-kilovolt Mukhran field power transmission line connecting two countries.
Restoration of the power transmission line will increase the energy exchange between the two countries, as well as ensure more security of energy exchange. Restoring the Mukhran field PTL will also increase electricity export and import in both directions.
This project is a part of the general project to synchronize power system of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey.
Georgia intends to complete construction, reconstruction and modernization of high voltage transmission line to the border with Azerbaijan by late 2011 and the border with Turkey by late 2012.
The creation of this synchronized system between Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey will increase the stability of power industry in the countries, participating in the project, as well as export electricity from Azerbaijan to Turkey and other countries, with which Turkish energy system is connected.
The work is held to realize the projects on synchronization of energy systems of Azerbaijan, Russia and Iran.
Realization of the project on synchronization of Azerbaijani energy system with the northern and southern neighbors will allow implementing the mutual volume of electricity between Azerbaijan, Russia and Iran, as well as connect the rest countries of the region to this project.
Earlier, Russia and Iran held talks on the type of cooperation. One side insisted on the mutual sale of electricity, the other - on the exchange.
At present Azerbaijan realizes a joint project to increase energy exchange with Iran up to 700 MW.
Completion of this project will help to supply the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (NAR) with 150 MW of electricity, and generally, the Azerbaijani energy system - 400 MW in winter.
The program is jointly implemented by the Iranian company Sunir and includes construction of 330-kilovolt transmission lines Alibayramli Thermo Electric Station (TES) - Imishli, second line Imishli - Parsabad, 220-kilovolt transmission lines Alibayramli TES - Salyan, Salyan - Masalli, Masalli - Astara, as well as substation Salyan and expansion of four additional substations. The total length of transmission lines will be 350 kilometers.