Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, Dec. 19
By Huseyn Hasanov - Trend:
Authorised representatives from Caspian littoral countries - Azerbaijan, Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran and Turkmenistan have been discussing the Caspian in Ashgabat, the Turkmen government said on Dec.19.
The discussions revolved around a draft agreement between the Caspian littoral countries on cooperation in emergency situation prevention and their active response measures on the Caspian Sea.
The draft agreement on cooperation in the sphere was worked out by the Turkmen side. In addition, Turkmenistan considers it reasonable to create a new cooperation mechanism International ecological dialogue on the Caspian Sea under the auspices of the UN, in order to consolidate efforts of the Caspian littoral countries in the sphere of environmental protection.
The Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland water reservoir not linked with any world ocean. It is unique for preserving various relict flora and fauna, including the world's largest shoal of sturgeon.
Experts maintain that there are a number of prerequisites for possible pollution of the Caspian Sea. Among those are the development of hydrocarbon reserves in the sea and the surrounding areas, the high density of population and industry in the adjacent areas, intensive agricultural development in the valleys which have rivers flowing into them, the lack of a river to sea explicit geochemical barrier and a closed basin.
For Turkmenistan, in the depths of which are concentrated the fourth largest natural gas reserves of the world after Russia, Iran and Qatar,the gas transportation route to Europe through the Caspian Sea and Azerbaijan is one of the attractive ones. In order to implement this project, the Turkmen side expressed its readiness to hold the relevant ecological expertise with the participation of international experts.
Translated by M.L.
Edited by S.M.