( AP )- Kenya's president came under increasing international and domestic pressure Tuesday over the disputed election that kept him in power and led to violence that has left more than 200 dead.
The European Union and the United States refused to congratulate President Mwai Kibaki on winning a second five-year term, citing concerns about the tallies in the closest presidential election in Kenya's history. The EU and four top officials of Kenya's government-funded electoral body called for an independent inquiry.
"The 2007 general elections have fallen short of key international and regional standards for democratic elections," said Alexander Graf Lambsdorff , the chief European Union election monitor, in his formal assessment.
Since Saturday, at least 202 people have been killed in riots that flared from the shantytowns of Nairobi to resort towns on the sweltering coast, according to accounts from police, morgues and witnesses. The bloodshed is a stunning turn of events in one of the most developed countries in Africa, one with a booming tourism industry and one of the continent's highest growth rates.
Tuesday was calmer, although skirmishes were still reported in Nairobi's slums, which are home to tens of thousands of opposition supporters. In Nairobi's Mathare slum, supporters of fiery opposition leader Raila Odinga , shouting "No Raila , no peace," torched a minibus and attacked travelers who belonged to Kibaki's tribe.
"The car had 14 people in it but they only slashed Kikuyus ," said witness Boniface Mwangi , referring to Kenya's largest ethnic group. Five passengers were attacked by the machete-wielding gang, but the others were simply robbed, he said.
Many of the people killed have died in ethnic clashes between Kenya's two biggest tribes. Odinga is a Luo , a tribe that has frequently accuses Kibaki's Kikuyu group of dominating politics and business at the expense of other tribes. Police spokesman Eric Kiraithe said that 33,500 Kenyans had been internally displaced and 208 properties destroyed.
Parents in Nairobi set out to seek food for their children, picking their way past blackened remains of burnt tire barricades. Many families have been unable to find food after looting caused shops to close and many markets were burned. Some tearful families went to claim bodies from the morgue. Riot police remained on duty in most city centers.
Raymond Ochieng , 29, said he and his two young children had been surviving on porridge since the elections last Thursday, and he had been unable to find transport to his job as a security guard in the center of town.
"Since Kibaki was sworn in, things have changed. Kibaki should resign," he said.
Kibaki was sworn in minutes after results from the election were announced Sunday, despite opposition accusations of fraud and expressions of "grave concern" from international observers.
Four of the country's 22 top electoral commissioners called for an independent inquiry into whether the national electoral commission, or ECK, altered the results of the election.
Jack Tumwa told The Associated Press that he and three colleagues felt, "there are weighty issues raised ... about the conduct of the ECK during the tallying of results."
"The commission cannot investigate itself," he said.
Odinga has vowed to hold a "million-man march" in Nairobi on Thursday and called for "mass action." Kiraithe said any such demonstration would be banned.
The U.S. has warned travelers against all but essential travel to Kenya and Britain has warned against travel in some areas.
Most of Kibaki's cabinet lost their seats in parliament, where Odinga's party took the majority of the seats. The discrepancy between the parliamentary and presidential results, unexplained delays in vote tallying and anomalies that included a 115-percent turnout in one constituency have fueled allegations of rigging.
If Kibaki had lost, he would have been the first sitting president ousted at the ballot box in Kenya. Kibaki's supporters say he has turned Kenya's economy into an east African powerhouse, with an average growth rate of 5 percent.
The 76-year-old won by a landslide in 2002, ending 24 years in power by Daniel arap Moi . But Kibaki's anti-graft campaign has been seen as a failure, and the country still struggles with tribalism and poverty.
Odinga , a flamboyant 62-year-old with a son named Fidel Castro, cast himself as a champion of the poor. His main constituency is the Kibera slum, where some 700,000 people live in breathtaking poverty, but he has been accused of failing to do enough to help them in 15 years as a member of parliament.