World's largest telescope to be built in Hawaii

World's largest telescope to be built in Hawaii

Hawaii was chosen Tuesday as the site for the world's biggest telescope, a device so powerful that it will allow scientists to see some 13 billion light years away and get a glimpse into the early years of the universe, Associated Press reported.

The telescope's mirror - stretching almost 100 feet in diameter, or nearly the length of a Boeing 737's wingspan - will be so large that it should be able to gather light that will have spent 13 billion years traveling to earth. This means astronomers looking into the telescope will be able to see images of the first stars and galaxies forming - some 400 million years after the Big Bang.

"It will sort of give us the history of the universe," Thirty Meter Telescope Observatory Corp. spokesman Charles Blue said.

The telescope, expected to be completed by 2018, will be located atop a dormant volcano that is popular with astronomers because its summit sits well above the clouds at 13,796 feet, offering a clear view of the sky above for 300 days a year.

Hawaii's isolated position in the middle of the Pacific Ocean also means the area is relatively free of air pollution. Few cities on the Big Island mean there aren't a lot of man-made lights around to disrupt observations.

The other finalist candidate site for the Thirty Meter Telescope was Chile's Cerro Armazones mountain.

Richard Ellis, astronomy professor the California Institute of Technology and a Thirty Meter Telescope board member, told reporters in a conference call that Mauna Kea is at a higher elevation, its air is drier and its average temperature fluctuates less during the course of the day - all helpful factors for those using the new telescope.

The telescope will be built by the University of California, the California Institute of Technology and the Association of Canadian Universities for Research in Astronomy.

The current world's largest telescopes also are located atop Mauna Kea, but the size of their diameters are about three times smaller than the Thirty Meter Telescope. Current telescopes also don't routinely offer views of hundreds of planets orbiting around other stars and stars that are near the sun like the new telescope will.

But it may not hold the world's largest title for long.

A partnership of European countries plans to build the European Extremely Large Telescope, which would have an 138-foot mirror. The group is considering sites in Argentina, Chile, Morocco and Spain. It plans to decide on a location next year and be able to host its first observation in 2018.

Another group of universities plans to finish the Giant Magellan Telescope, also around 2018, with an 80-foot mirror in Las Campanas, Chile.

Rolf Kudritzki, the director of Institute for Astronomy at the University of Hawaii, said Hawaii's northern hemisphere location will help the Thirty Meter Telescope complement other large telescopes planned for Chile in the southern hemisphere.

"I think all of the astronomers in the world can be happy because in principle now the two largest telescopes will be able to cover the whole sky. And for research that's an important decision," he said.

It will also be a special boon to Hawaii astronomers, who will be allotted a share of the TMT's observation time. Kudritzki said his colleagues held an impromptu celebratory party Tuesday.

But the decision invited protests from some Native Hawaiian and environmental groups.

Native Hawaiian tradition holds that high altitudes are sacred and are a gateway to heaven. In the past, only high chiefs and priests were allowed at Mauna Kea's summit. The mountain is home to one confirmed burial site and perhaps four more, and environmentalists oppose the telescope on the grounds it would hurt some endangered species.

"This the kind of legacy they want to leave? They just keep building on our mountain," said Kealoha Pisciotta, president of Mauna Kea Anaina Hou, a group with family and religious ties to the mountain.

Azercell’s “Kabinetim” mobile app exceeded 1 million downloads
Azercell’s “Kabinetim” mobile app exceeded 1 million downloads
Azerbaijani president's assistant talks Turkic Council media co-op's systematization
Azerbaijani president's assistant talks Turkic Council media co-op's systematization
Hungary considers Turkic Council member states important partners
Hungary considers Turkic Council member states important partners
Loading Bars
Latest
Egypt, Sudan reject Ethiopian proposal for data sharing on Renaissance dam
Bezos, Musk top Forbes' record-setting billionaire list
Turkey registers more than 52 600 new coronavirus cases
China-Brunei trade grows by over 70 pct in 2020
Argentina's economy minister heads to Europe to woo finance officials over debts
US boosts imports of Turkish-made clothes
Turkey sends off 2nd boron export train to China
First kidney transplant performed in Turkmenistan
Bahar Azadi gold coin price continues to fall in Iran
Iran unveils data of gasoline and petrochemicals exports
New transmission line to provide opportunities for both Georgia’s and EU energy network - expert
Weekly review of key events in Azerbaijan's transport sector
China fines Alibaba record $2.75 billion for anti-monopoly violations
Italy reports 344 coronavirus deaths on Saturday, 17,567 new cases
Azercell’s “Kabinetim” mobile app exceeded 1 million downloads
Pakistani FM to visit Tehran
Funeral for UK's Prince Philip to be held on April 17
Pinterest becomes latest platform to appoint Turkey representative
Italy's economy seen growing 4.1% this year
Volume of cargo loaded, unloaded in Iran’s Bandar Lengeh port announced
Turkmenistan’s growth of trade turnover in 1Q2021 announced
Turkish electrical goods' 1Q2021 export to Uzbekistan spikes
Azerbaijani president's assistant talks Turkic Council media co-op's systematization
Hungary considers Turkic Council member states important partners
Iran's Energy Exchange announces products to be on sale on April 11
Uzbekistan ready to actively partake in restoring Azerbaijan's liberated territories
Azerbaijan confirms 2,192 more COVID-19 cases, 1,554 recoveries
Turkey did its best in media coverage of Azerbaijan's Patriotic war - presidential administration
Azerbaijani president's assistant meets with Turkic Council's secretary-general
Briefing of Turkic Council's high-ranking media officials held in Baku (VIDEO)
Anti-Turkic campaigns periodically carried out - Azerbaijani president's assistant
Azerbaijan's victory in Second Karabakh War is victory for entire Turkic world - top official
Azerbaijan working to develop ties between Turkic states - president's assistant
Turkic Council developing roadmap for better co-op with Turkic-speaking countries
Turkic-speaking countries to continue to support Azerbaijan - Turkic Council
Armenia's refusal to provide maps of mines on Azerbaijan's lands is concerning - ambassador
Turkic Council's meeting held in Baku (PHOTO)
Iran reveals COVID-19 data for April 10
Kazakh, Uzbek PMs launch construction of new 'Central Asia' int'l co-op center
Turkish Ambassador: I've never separated Azerbaijan and Turkey, both are homeland to me
Buta Airways to Start Operating Flights to Zhukovsky Airport
Turkey's support for Azerbaijan in Karabakh war will always be in our memory - President Aliyev
Azerbaijan's MoD organizes visit for foreign military attaches to Air Force military unit
Turkish-Azerbaijani fraternal relations are at highest level today - President Aliyev
Iran's exports via Jolfa border checkpoint increase
Georgia reports 506 new coronavirus cases for April 10
SOCAR's capex to moderate due to SGC, STAR refinery’s commissioning
Certain licenses issued to setting up enterprises in Iran's Markazi Province
Turkey unveils 2M2021 data on freight, passenger traffic through Ankara Esenboga Airport
Azerbaijani oil prices up
Fitch Affirms SOCAR at 'BB+'
Turkmenistan's state budget revenues surpass initial forecast
Georgian TBC Leasing's secured debt rating equalizes with its Long-Term IDR
Azerbaijani president awards former Turkish ambassador with 'Dostlug' order
President Ilham Aliyev receives Turkish Ambassador to Azerbaijan Erkan Ozoral (PHOTO)
Turkmenistan's GDP grows in 1Q2021
Weekly review of Azerbaijani currency market
Iranian currency rates for April 10
Azerbaijan has favorable investment climate - Turkish MUSIAD
Azerbaijani Mine Action Agency continues to clear Gubadly, Zangilan, Jabrayil from mines
India reports a record 145,384 COVID-19 infections
Armenia set up booby traps on Azerbaijan's de-occupied lands - Mine Action Agency
Azerbaijan's rhythmic gymnasts 2-nd in online tournament organized by Finnish Gymnastics Federation
Azerbaijani gymnastics team captures silver in Egypt (PHOTO)
China's top market regulator imposes penalty on Alibaba Group over monopoly conduct
Iran's Isfahan producing 2,100 tons of medicinal herbs
Japanese entrepreneurs intend to increase imports of Kyrgyz honey
Austrian companies eye contribution to Georgian ports' expansion - ministry
Turkey reports 55,791 new COVID-19 cases
Germany to amend law for nationwide COVID-19 response
World Bank says Azerbaijan's consumer market to grow till 2023
Janssen's COVID-19 vaccine under EU review over blood clots
Number of COVID-2019 cases across globe up by over 718,000 in past day, says WHO
Poland's COVID-19 cases top 2.5 mln
Georgian-Lithuanian co-op facilitates freight transport between China, Europe - Ministry
US accelerator to provide Azerbaijani startup project with big investments
Eurowings to start flights from Dusseldorf to Georgia
NASA's Mars helicopter to attempt first flight
Health Minister hails vaccination in driving down COVID-19 severity in Turkey
Saudi-led coalition intercepts bomb-laden drone towards border city
Azerbaijani president expresses condolences to PM of UK
UN interested in intensifying ties with Azerbaijan - President of General Assembly
Azerbaijani FM, Sec-Gen of Turkic Council discuss issues of mutual interest (PHOTO)
"Georgia Capital" investment company to sell part of its business
Iran's only option on negotiation table - US lifting sanction - Iran’s ambassador to IAEA
Turkmen Helath Ministry opens tender for purchase of medical supplies
South Korean PM to visit Iran for Seoul-Tehran Cooperation
Speaker of Azerbaijani parliament meets with president of 75th session of UN General Assembly (PHOTO)
Azerbaijani president expresses condolences to Queen Elizabeth II
Azerbaijan clearing territory for new settlement of mines in Zangilan district
Azerbaijan aims developing use of wind energy
Russian, Turkish presidents call for restoration of transport infrastructure of South Caucasus
Azerbaijan actively participates in implementation of int’l projects within BTK and North-South corridors
State Oil Company of Azerbaijan digitizes information on oil and gas wells in corporate database
Azerbaijani, Turkish armies Joint Operational-Tactical Exercises end (PHOTO/VIDEO)
International Bank of Azerbaijan opens tender to buy network equipment
Russia always ready for settlement option supported by sides of Karabakh conflict - Foreign Ministry
State Oil Company of Azerbaijan hosts opening ceremony of Visualization Center (PHOTO)
Embassy of India organizes Interactive Webinar to promote Indian spices (PHOTO)
Bank Melli Iran’s branch in Azerbaijan completes Q1 2021 with profit
All news