Germany, Berlin /corr. Trend A.Maharramli, I.Alizade / The humanitarian sides of the conflicts in South Caucasus can not be frozen and requires a solution. "It does not need to expect a political decision for the conflict in order to resolve the humanitarian questions," said the new Chairman of the PACE Committee for Refugees and Migration, Head of the Turkish delegation, Movlud Chavushoglu, at the conference dedicated to the 'frozen conflicts'.
The Monitoring Committee of PACE and the German Institute for International Affairs and Security organized discussions over frozen conflicts (Nagorno-Karabakh, Trans-Dniester, Georgian-Abkhazian, and Georgian-Ossetian) in Berlin on 5 to 6 November. The forum involves both official representatives of the conflicting countries and international experts.
The conflict between the two South Caucasus countries appeared in 1988 due to Armenian territorial claims against Azerbaijan. Armenia has occupied 20% of the Azerbaijani lands including the Nagorno-Karabakh region and its seven surrounding districts. Since 1992 to the present time, these territories have been under Armenian occupation. In 1994, Azerbaijan and Armenia signed a cease-fire agreement at which time the active hostilities ended. The Co-Chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group ( Russia, France and USA) are holding peaceful negotiations.
In January 2005 the PACE passed a resolution on Nagorno-Karabakh. The resolution says that Armenia has occupied Azerbaijani territories. The PACE established a Committee headed by British Parliamentarian, Lord Russell Johnson, to observe the implementation of the resolution.
According to the Chairman of the Committee, while speaking of the 'frozen conflicts', it is impossible to forget refugees, internally displaced persons and missing people. "Some 4.000 people became missing people as a result of conflicts in South Caucasus. More than one million Azerbaijanis became internally displaced persons as a result of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. This conflict should be resolved. This conflict should be resolved. This a humanitarian issue," he said.