Kazakhstan's chairmanship to OSCE is chance for country to contribute to strengthening regional and global security: future OSCE chairman-in-office Kanat Saudabayev (INTERVIEW)

Kazakhstan, Astana, November 30 / Trend , K.Konyrova /

Trend exclusive interview with Secretary of State - Foreign Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev on the threshold of the country's chairmanship to the OSCE

Q: How do you assess the bilateral relations between Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan in economic and political spheres? In what spheres does it need to develop close cooperation?

A: The partnership between Astana and Baku is developing both in political and trade-economic aspects. This is testified by the dynamics of meetings at all levels, including at the highest level, as well as the deepening of bilateral cooperation in business, where the investment component assumes special importance. The results of Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev's official visit to Azerbaijan on Oct. 2 showed that the traditionally friendly relations between our countries are a good example of cooperation between really fraternal states. Kazakhstan considers Azerbaijan as a key state in the Caucasus region. Undoubtedly, the historical, cultural and ethnic-religious closeness of our peoples contribute to this process. Currently, both countries successfully cooperate in bilateral and multilateral formats, including within the OSCE, CICA, Summit of the Heads of Turkic States etc. The positions of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan on the issues of world policy are always same - we support strengthening the position of the United Nations, following international law, we are cooperating in combating terrorism, extremism. I can say that we are not only partners, but also allies on all fronts. I have already noted the success of the economic component of bilateral cooperation. I can bring facts for proof. Prior to Kazakh President's visit, on Sept. 30 Baku hosted the 6th meeting of the Kazakh-Azerbaijani inter-governmental commission on trade and economic cooperation. Successes were achieved on all issues scheduled on the agenda of this event, relevant documents were signed. In particular, we agreed that we will strengthen energy cooperation. Documents were signed on KazMunaiGaz National Company's use of Azerbaijani oil and gas infrastructure, transport communications between our countries, as well as on joint work on refining and exchange of experiences in training, exploration and further production and transportation of oil and gas resources. Furthermore, our countries agreed upon cooperation in agriculture - both in veterinary medicine and joint delivery. Kazakhstan is interested in supplying food grains to Azerbaijan. On the other hand, we are interested in deliveries of early vegetables and fruits from Azerbaijan to the Caspian regions of our country. Both sides are interested in the military-political cooperation, training of Kazakhstani personnel, including sailors, at schools of Azerbaijan, and of course in cultural and humanitarian ties. An important link between our countries are the representatives of 80,000 Azerbaijani diasporas living in Kazakhstan, which are an integral and important part of our multinational nation and significantly contributed to the socio-economic and public development of our states. I am sure that the prospects for development of our relations are great. The trade turnover totaling $465 million recorded in 2008, which dropped this year due to the global crisis, can not satisfy both sides. We have the potential to correct this situation. I am confident that the implementation of agreements reached during President Nursultan Nazarbayev's visit to Baku in October will raise our cooperation to a higher level.

Q: Kazakhstan will chair the OSCE in 2010. What issues will be on the focus of attention during your chairmanship? Does Kazakhstan plan to make any innovations in the activities of the organization?

A: Kazakhstan's chairmanship to the OSCE is an unique chance not only for our country to present itself as a worthy partner of the international community that can make a valuable contribution to strengthening regional and global security, but also for the organization that can take advantage of our chairmanship to strengthen itself. We intend to give a new strong impetus to all constructive processes within the organization, give it a new breath.
We will strive to ensure balance between the three dimensions of the OSCE - military-political, economic, environmental and humanitarian. Speaking of the military-political dimension, I note that the future of the European security is an important direction in the light of Kazakhstan's forthcoming chairmanship to the OSCE. Kazakhstan actively participates in the discussions over the issues concerning the new security architecture within the "Corfu Process". We fully support the efforts of our partners to promote dialogue. However, we believe that the future architecture of European security should be based on existing mechanisms, institutions and legal papers. The OSCE has all necessary tools for this. Our common goal should be to further strengthen and develop them. As a key forum for addressing the most important security problems in the Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian regions, the OSCE can and should play a bigger role in resolving the problems of Afghanistan, which remain the main source of instability in the region. Kazakhstan would not like to only use the potential of the OSCE in this regard during its chairmanship, but also lay a good foundation to promote OSCE's role in addressing the problems of further development of Afghanistan. We also attach great importance to the support of the member countries to Kazakhstan's initiative to develop educational programs for Afghan citizens. On Nov. 22, I made an official visit to Afghanistan, during which an inter-governmental agreement was signed on cooperation in the field of education. Kazakhstan will provide an unprecedented amount of $50 million for training 1,000 Afghans in the coming years. We believe that large-scale assistance for education and training of Afghans will be an important contribution of the OSCE in combating the spread of the ideology of terrorism and extremism. Providing opportunities for Afghan youth to obtain qualitative education will be an important measure amongst a wide range of actions to address the drug problem. One of the "large" topics for Kazakhstan's chairmanship can become the problem of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Kazakhstan has always attached priority importance to this sphere of international activity, having long experience of political leadership in nuclear disarmament. In the context of the OSCE, it deals firstly with the strengthening of mechanisms to prevent proliferation of such weapons and materials that can be used in its manufacture. In the economic and environmental dimension, the Eurasian transport corridors are the priority issue for us. Therefore, the theme of "Kazakhstan" 18th Economic and Environmental Forum of the OSCE was chosen "Promoting good governance at border crossings, improving the security of land transportation and facilitating international transport by road and rail in the OSCE region". We have already held the first preparatory conference for the Forum in Astana (12-13 October). The remaining three parts of the Forum will be held in the winter and spring in European capitals next year. We will also attach importance to using the potential of the OSCE for environmental protection. Kazakhstan is considering the possibility of determining the establishment of mechanisms for monitoring and preventive responses to environmental threats as measures to strengthen regional security. This is the Aral Sea Basin as a priority on the environmental track of the chairmanship. Promotion of tolerance and intercultural dialogue is one of the key issues of OSCE's current agenda, which has been pre-selected by us as the main priority of the humanitarian dimension of the future chairmanship. Kazakhstan, as a country where the representatives of 130 nationals live peacefully, has a unique and worldwide-recognized experience to preserve interethnic and inter-religious harmony. In our opinion, this is the basis of human security, development, human rights and democracy. Conflicts on religious and racial basis, which also occur even in so-called countries with "advanced democracy", indicate how this direction, selected by us, is important. Currently we study the question of holding Comprehensive Conference on Tolerance in 2010. We have already developed the concepts and consultations are held with member countries of the organization. At the same time, we intend to support other key spheres of the activities of the humanitarian dimension within the mandate of the ODIHR and other OSCE institutions such as democratization, human rights, gender equality, etc. In general, during the chairmanship, we plan to support all key activities of the OSCE in all three dimensions. Finally, one of the significant initiatives of Kazakhstan during its chairmanship is the idea of conducting a summit of the OSCE. As known, the last OSCE summit was held in 1999 in Istanbul, since then, the world has changed. We all face new challenges. During this time, the most powerful economic crisis took place, international terrorism demonstrated itself with new forces. Over the past eight years, the international community has not been able to succeed in stabilizing Afghanistan. The issue of establishing new European security architecture has acquired urgency. Finally, at the national level, today Europe became quite different, diverse and heterogeneous, which already lead to the appearance of conflict situations and conflicts. Consequently, the issues of comprehensive tolerance have acquired more urgency for all OSCE members. In addition, for the past eight years, at the annual meetings, the OSCE foreign ministers have been unable to adopt a joint political declaration, and this is considered as a sign of serious differences within the organization and reduces its relevance in the modern world. Accordingly, we believe that there is an urgent necessity to organize a summit of the OSCE, which is the largest regional organization in the world, dealing with security issues. At such a meeting, the heads of states and governments would be able to make principal decisions on key issues of security in the OSCE space. This will provide an opportunity both to overcome the crisis in the organization and to breathe new life to the process begun in Helsinki 35 years ago. The idea to hold the summit has already been supported by countries such as Spain, Italy, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey, France and other countries. We look forward to supporting this idea by all OSCE participating states, because we believe that such a summit would be beneficial for all of us.

Q: What role will Kazakhstan, as the OSCE chairman-in-office, be able to play in resolving frozen conflicts in the CIS, particularly in resolving the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict?

A: First of all, I propose to use the official term of the OSCE - the protracted conflicts. The word "frozen" does not reflect the real situation around the conflicts, solutions for which are actively searched by the international organizations, especially the OSCE. The functions of the chairman are to contribute to continuing the negotiation process, searching acceptable solutions and most importantly - to avoid aggravation of the situation, its development into a "hot" phase. For this, the OSCE has a mechanism for early warning and preventing conflicts. There are several conflicts on the post-Soviet space: Transnistria, Nagorno-Karabakh, a zone of Georgian-Ossetian and Georgian-Abkhazian conflict. Multilevel structures have been developed around each of the conflicts to address them. Thus, the OSCE Minsk Group has been dealing with the Karabakh conflict since 1992. The solution of the Transnistrian conflict involves the OSCE mission, Russia, Ukraine and recently, the European Union. Discussions over the situation around South Ossetia and Abkhazia are held within the Geneva discussions with the participation of the UN, OSCE, EU, Russia and the United States. Our policy will be aimed at supporting the existing formats of negotiations, increasing the role of the OSCE in conflict prevention and regulation of post-conflict situations within the international law and basic principles of the organization. We have carefully studied the situation in conflict zones, and based on consultations with the OSCE and the participating countries, Kazakhstan intends to contribute to the process of finding solutions to the conflicts. For this purpose, one of the most experienced diplomats of Kazakhstan, ambassador Bulat Nurgaliyev was appointed to the post of personal representative of the OSCE Chairman-in-Office on the protracted conflicts. With regards to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, it has always been on the focus of the OSCE, in particular the Minsk Group. Kazakhstan, as an OSCE Chairman-in-Office, will actively participate in the negotiation process under the auspices of the Minsk Group. We proceed from the fact that the development and deepening of the dialogue are the only basis for achieving significant results in the solutions to conflicts. The peoples living in conflict zones deserve a peaceful and better future, and Kazakhstan intends to do everything in its power to help them achieve this.

Q: Kazakhstan takes one of the leading positions amongst the countries of Central Asia and CIS. Astana is one of the initiators of some regional projects, such as the Customs Union and the trainings of the collective rapid reaction forces. Does Kazakhstan plan to create additional regional projects in the future?  What spheer they will have to touch upon?

A: Concerning the establishment of additional regional projects in the future, I should note that today we need to realize the potential of those that have already been created. I would like to remind that as a result of the 9th Summit of Heads of Turkic-speaking countries, held on Oct. 3 in Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan), the leaders of four countries (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkey) signed an Agreement on the establishment of the Cooperation Council of Turkic States (Turkic Council). This document defines a new stage in strengthening the interaction between the Turkic-speaking states, including between Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan. In this regard, our joint efforts should be aimed at implementing agreements reached during the meeting in Nakhchivan.

Kyrgyzstan's referendum on new Constitution takes place, turnout was 36.75%
Kyrgyzstan's referendum on new Constitution takes place, turnout was 36.75%
Local elections and referendum in Kyrgyzstan: Voting ends
Local elections and referendum in Kyrgyzstan: Voting ends
President of Kyrgyzstan casts vote in local council elections, referendum
President of Kyrgyzstan casts vote in local council elections, referendum
Loading Bars
Latest
Iran Air to resume flights to the UK soon
608 COVID-19 recoveries reported in Kazakhstan in past day
Weekly review of main events of Azerbaijani ICT sector
Brazil sees 1,803 COVID-19 deaths; Chinese vaccine found 50.7% effective against variant
Turkey confirms 50,678 new COVID-19 cases, 3,849,011 in total
S. Korea reports 587 more COVID-19 cases, 110,146 in total
Cargo movements in Iran’s Anzali port soar
5.2-magnitude quake hits Mariana Islands region
COVID-19 death toll in U.S. California exceeds 60,000
Saudi-led coalition intercepts explosive-laden drones launched by Yemen's Houthis
Israeli scientists discover way to block spread of brain cancer
Weekly review of Azerbaijan's oil and gas sector
5 IS militants killed in airstrike in Iraq
South Korean PM arrives in Tehran
Kyrgyzstan's referendum on new Constitution takes place, turnout was 36.75%
Turkey to emerge from auto chip crisis through local production
Trend, Kabar news agencies talk joint projects, agree to expand co-op
Iran's Saipa Group declares its manufacturing data
Uzbekistan to commission its first solar power plant in September
Exports from Iran's Isfahan Province decreases
Iran - among major countries in terms of diversity in nuclear industry
Iran’s Bahar Azadi gold coin price still falling
Cargo transportation via Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway in Q1 2021 increases
Iran's Energy Exchange announces products to be on sale on April 12
Pakistan extends full support for reconstruction of Azerbaijani liberated lands - expert
Northeastern Iranian Prov exports $3b non-oil products
Kazakhstan reveals plans on rising petrochemicals production
Int'l community should be involved in restoration of Azerbaijani liberated lands - expert
Azerbaijani FM takes part in round table organized by ADA University (PHOTO)
Europe needs a more ambitious COVID recovery plan, says France's Beaune
Azerbaijan publishes latest data on vaccinated citizens
Local elections and referendum in Kyrgyzstan: Voting ends
NCDC Head: Georgia's epidemiological situation deteriorates
Turkey successfully tests hybrid rocket engine for moon mission
Azerbaijan confirms 2,414 more COVID-19 cases, 1,695 recoveries
Africa's COVID-19 cases pass 4.34 mln: Africa CDC
Those who ordered missile strikes on Ganja are responsible for war crimes - top official
Glad to see that Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is over - Hungarian official
Khazar Consortium in Turkmenistan opens tender for plumbing materials purchase
Azerbaijan showed great heroism during Karabakh war - Turkish Presidential Administration rep (Exclusive) (VIDEO)
Iran - one of radioactive drugs exporters
Turkey names 2M2021 volume of cargo shipment via local ports from Ukraine
Visit of Turkic Council’s delegation to Azerbaijan’s Ganja city starts (PHOTO)
Goal of Turkic Council’s delegation's visit to Aghdam was to see Armenian savagery - Assistant to president
Azerbaijan's Aghdam - clear example of urbicide, says top official (PHOTO)
UAE selects first Arab woman for astronaut training
Azerbaijan moving to new stage of its development – Uzbek Information and Mass Communications Agency rep
Turkmenistan Railways opens tender for purchase of material, technical resources
Cargo movements in Iran’s Bushehr port grow
Kazakhstan’s Vagonservice company opens tender to buy oil filters
Situation in Azerbaijan’s Aghdam district - unprecedented barbarism - Turkish Presidential Administration rep (VIDEO)
Iran reveals COVID-19 data for April 11
Indonesia's 6.1-magnitude quake leaves 8 deaths
Delegation of Turkic Council reviews building of Aghdam Drama Theater destroyed by Armenians (PHOTO)
Azerbaijani Finance Ministry to auction mid-term government bonds
Russia reports over 8,700 daily COVID-19 cases
Turkmen company exports batch of formwork sheets to Turkey
Delegation of Turkic Council visits Azerbaijan’s Aghdam Juma Mosque (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Delegation of Turkic Council visits Imarat cemetery destroyed by Armenians (PHOTO/VIDEO)
President Ilham Aliyev plays very important consolidating role in Turkic Council - SecGen (EXCLUSIVE)
Buy/sell operations at Iran Mercantile Exchange disclosed
Georgia reports 707 coronavirus cases, 592 recoveries, 8 deaths
Uzbekistan, Turkey strengthen trade, economic co-op
Visit of Turkic Council's delegation to liberated Aghdam starts (PHOTO)
Weekly review of Azerbaijani precious metals market
8 rescued, 21 trapped in coal mine accident in Xinjiang
Iran discloses details of exports from industrial parks of Semnan Province
Accident reported at Iran's nuclear facility
Copper ores and concentrates rank first in list of Georgian export
Azerbaijani MoD shows footage from Fuzuli's Ashaghi Rafadinli village (VIDEO)
President of Kyrgyzstan casts vote in local council elections, referendum
India records over 150,000 daily COVID-19 cases, tally at 13,358,805
Saudi-led coalition intercepts Houthi drone
Turkmenistan signs decree on rice production
Number of enterprises put into operation in Iran's Gilan Province revealed
Azerbaijani Gadabay's Executive Office to engage landscaping services via tender
Turkish Airlines to put its 737 Max jets back in the air next week
Kazakh COVID-19 vaccine to be bottled in Turkey
Submarine cable to connect electrical networks of Georgia, Europe to be additional direct channel for telecommunication traffic
IMF, World Bank urged to contain pandemic with fair, efficient distribution of vaccines
South Korean battery makers agree last-minute deal in boost to Biden's EV policy
Egypt, Sudan reject Ethiopian proposal for data sharing on Renaissance dam
Bezos, Musk top Forbes' record-setting billionaire list
Turkey registers more than 52 600 new coronavirus cases
China-Brunei trade grows by over 70 pct in 2020
Argentina's economy minister heads to Europe to woo finance officials over debts
US boosts imports of Turkish-made clothes
Turkey sends off 2nd boron export train to China
First kidney transplant performed in Turkmenistan
Bahar Azadi gold coin price continues to fall in Iran
Iran unveils data of gasoline and petrochemicals exports
New transmission line to provide opportunities for both Georgia’s and EU energy network - expert
Weekly review of key events in Azerbaijan's transport sector
China fines Alibaba record $2.75 billion for anti-monopoly violations
Italy reports 344 coronavirus deaths on Saturday, 17,567 new cases
Azercell’s “Kabinetim” mobile app exceeded 1 million downloads
Pakistani FM to visit Tehran
Funeral for UK's Prince Philip to be held on April 17
Pinterest becomes latest platform to appoint Turkey representative
Italy's economy seen growing 4.1% this year
All news