Azerbaijan Acts More Confidently in International Arena: TrendNews Commentator

Azerbaijan Acts More Confidently in International Arena: TrendNews Commentator

Saba Agayeva, Deputy Director of Trend agency

Foreign policy of Azerbaijan has not undergone serious changes over the past five years. Official Baku pursued balanced policy based on the principle of equidistance from the power centers of the world - Moscow, Washington and Brussels. This political line, the foundation of which was laid by the national leader Heydar Aliyev, did not undergone changes even at hardest times - during Georgian-Russian conflict.

However, the nature of the foreign policy has changed. From 2003 to 2008, Azerbaijan acted much more confidently in the international arena due to the economic development. Azerbaijan saw rapid economic development for the short period of time. In particular, from 2003 to 2008 Azerbaijan's GDP grew by 2.7% to $5,800 per capita. The budget amounted to $15bln in 2008 while budget expenditure amounted to $1.2bln in 2003. So, $44bln was invested in the economy of the country from 2003 to 2008.

This is a huge sum directed at the development which also provides economic basis to carry out independent international policy. Thanks to the economic growth and efficient foreign policy, Azerbaijan became leader in the region. Financial opportunities enabled Azerbaijan to sanction a project on construction of Baku-Kars Akhalkalaki railway. The commencement of the project in condition of the US countermeasures testified that Baku is strong enough to implement large scale regional projects.

From 2003 to 2008, Azerbaijan continued its oil policy founded by national leader Heydar Aliyev in 1994. However, this policy went through certain modernization in order to keep pace with the demands of the developing economy. So, increase in oil production from 15.4mln tons in 2003 to 52mln tons in 2008 enabled State Oil Company of Azerbaijan (SOCAR) to pursue more active foreign policy, to open filling stations in Georgia, to buy Kulevi oil terminal and Turkey's Petkim petrochemical complex and to supply gas to Georgia. Of course, all the above-mentioned activities bring political dividends as well. For instance, a real war is waged for the Azerbaijani gas. West wants Azerbaijan to take part in Nabucco and Russian Gazprom offers to purchase Azerbaijani "blue fuel".

However, Azerbaijan evidently says that it will give preference to those who will contribute to the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict to a greater degree. At the same time, from 2003 to 2008, Azerbaijan transported its carbohydrate reserves via the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan and Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum routes. The Georgian-Russian conflict affected operation of these pipelines, but the energy diversification of Azerbaijan could withstand this crisis. The oil transportation continued through the Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline even at the height of the crisis. But, as a whole, the situation revealed that there are some problems in the energy diversification of the country which can be solved by expanding export opportunities in the "north" direction.

The economic development left a trace on the issue of Nagorno-Karabakh which is of vital importance for Azerbaijan. From 2003 to 2008, the national army has strengthened considerably. The budget expenditure for military purposes totaled $1.850bln as compared to $163mln in 2003. In other words, in 2008 military assignments of Azerbaijan's budget almost equaled to the public budget of Armenia. Azerbaijan takes advantage of this factor in a proper way and announces that it will not further stand breach of its territorial integrity and is prepared to liberate its occupied lands by any means.

Unfortunately, the key objective of Azerbaijan's foreign policy, which is aimed at resolving the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict through peace negotiations, has not been achieved yet. Of course, there was certain progress in this direction - UN resolution on territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, super powers' support to territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, Russian-Azerbaijani political declaration which backs Azerbaijan's position in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, etc. During the Georgian-Russian conflict Moscow, Washington and the EU reiterated their support to the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan. Meanwhile. President Ilham Aliyev stated that favorable conditions had been created to resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh problem. The main point is that the world now understands the conflict can be settled only within the frame of territorial integrity of Azerbaijan.

President Ilham Aliyev said at a meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers on 13 October that the mechanism to withdraw troops from seven Armenian-occupied regions of Azerbaijan and repatriation of refuges and internally displaced persons have been coordinated by the sides of the conflict. The repatriation of the Azerbaijani refugees to Nagorno-Karabakh is under discussion and will also be solved sooner or later, the President said. Baku also says that economic cooperation between Azerbaijan and Armenia is impossible until the dispute over Nagorno-Karabakh is solved. Thus, Yerevan cannot participate in any regional economic project.

Azerbaijan will continue its policy of pressuring on Armenia in the diplomatic, political, economic, transport and military spheres until the conflict is resolved.

The correspondent can be contacted at - [email protected]

Europe has right conditions for "safe reopening" of tourism in summer - EU Commissioner
Europe has right conditions for "safe reopening" of tourism in summer - EU Commissioner
Turkey’s 87 tech zones exports reach $5.8 billion
Turkey’s 87 tech zones exports reach $5.8 billion
China's probe lands on Mars
China's probe lands on Mars
Loading Bars
Europe has right conditions for "safe reopening" of tourism in summer - EU Commissioner
Georgian-Lithuanian co-op facilitates freight transport between China, Europe - Ministry
Jan.-Apr. 2021: Georgian wine export up 15%
Demand for domestic tourism on the rise in Kazakhstan
Some 300 applicants register for Presidential elections in İran
Turkey’s 87 tech zones exports reach $5.8 billion
China's probe lands on Mars
Kazakhstan keen to cooperate with Spain in water resources management
Number of active U.S. drilling rigs increases this week
Cuba reports record number of daily COVID-19 cases
Japanese lawyer implores Tokyo to cancel Olympics, 350,000 sign petition
Romania to ease COVID-19 restrictions from Saturday
U.S. city Columbus agrees to pay 10 mln USD to family of unarmed black man killed by police
3 rockets fired from Syria toward Israel
Indonesia reports 2,633 new COVID-19 cases, 107 new deaths
Turkey reports over 14 400 COVID-19 cases)
New project 'Log in Georgia' to give access to high-speed internet to people in rural areas
Head of Kazakhstan holds meeting with World Bank Vice President for Europe and Central Asia
Lithuanian company launches innovative complex solution in Azerbaijan's financial sector
5.2 mln Ethiopians in restive northern region need food aid - UN
Improved coronavirus conditions lead to further relaxation of restrictions in Cyprus
Israel's annual inflation up 0.8 pct, highest in nearly 2 years
Chairs of Azerbaijani Parliament, Turkish National Assembly talk issues of mutual interest
COVID-19 kills 202 more Iranians over past 24 hours
Lithuania gifts 15,000 Covid-19 vaccines to Georgia
Turkey to gradually relax COVID-19 measures, normalcy in June
President Tokayev receives Finnish Minister for Development Cooperation and Foreign Trade
First Vice-President Mehriban Aliyeva made another post from Karabakh (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Germany's COVID-19 incidence rate drops below 100 for first time in two months
Georgia updates environmental targets with support from EU4Climate project
Azerbaijani FM, high-ranked EU official discuss Armenian-Azerbaijani border situation
Extra costs to air fares for PCR testing almost double flight cost - IATA
SOCAR to supply Rosneft’s oil products to Baltic states, Ukraine, Poland
Google leads U.S. business push to preserve work permits for H-1B spouses
Production of electric cars in Iran needs more motivation - ministry official
Azerbaijan, US exchange views on Armenian-Azerbaijani border situation
Azerbaijan shares data on number of vaccinated citizens for May 14
Georgia negotiating with South African, Polish companies to manufacture military UAVs
Second batch of Sputnik V vaccine expected to be delivered to India by end of the week
London May cocoa expiry sees 72,230 tonnes tendered
Azerbaijan confirms 326 more COVID-19 cases, 1,262 recoveries
Azerbaijan names date of issuing tickets for UEFA EURO 2020 matches in Baku
Afghan president calls Azerbaijani president
Wizz Air joins airlines cancelling Tel Aviv flights
Georgia receives financing from WB toward cost of energy supply reliability
More Azerbaijani enterprises to export tomatoes to Russia
'Lancet report on India COVID-19 response another attempt to undermine developing country's ability to challenge big pharma's monopoly'
Kazakh telecommunications company opens tender to buy station for wells management
Russia reports 9,462 daily COVID-19 cases
Azerbaijani MoD names number of commissioned military units in liberated areas (PHOTO)
Total assets of INPEX rise in Q1 2021
INPEX sees decrease in net natural gas sales
INPEX Corporation increases net sales of crude oil
Turkish company Chalik Holding to build new wind farm in Georgia
No oil deliveries planned from Azerbaijan to Belarus in May
Revenues of Azerbaijan State Maritime Agency decrease
Kazakhstan's ERG eyeing more investments into future projects
Kazakhstan sees decrease in trade with Netherlands
Kazakhstan, France discuss fuel energy cooperation prospects
Georgia reports 1,390 new cases of coronavirus for May 14
France's Macron to go down in history as killer of OSCE Minsk Group
Airbnb bookings jump 52% as vaccinations spur vacation rental demand
SOCAR ready to share capacity of Southern Gas Corridor with Turkmenistan
Kazakhstan decreases exports to Hungary
Azerbaijani oil prices decline
Russian IrAero to launch flights to Azerbaijan soon
Zulfiya Khanbabayeva to be the next narrator of Nar's ‘Reading hour’ project (PHOTO)
Apple supplier Foxconn reports Q1 profit T$28.2 bln, beats estimates
Kazakh gas supply company opens tender for pipeline maintenance
Georgia reveals rating of its largest wine and spirits companies
Georgian Geofresh company eyes Europe, Dubai to expand exports
Georgian Adjara creating new platform for tourism development
Turkey discloses number of ships received by Tuzla port
Turkish ministry discloses volume of cargo handled through Bartin port
Sweden, WB supporting Georgia by addressing wastewater treatment challenges
IMF underlines successfully completed four-year extended program in Georgia
Georgia considers opening of land borders
UN Secretary General calls for immediate cessation of hostilities in Gaza Strip and Israel
Kazakhstan requires sustainable management practices for natural resources - UNIDO
Iran’s FM meets with Spanish counterpart
Kazakhstan reports 2,549 more COVID-19 cases, total at 353,140
Turkey reports 11,534 new COVID-19 cases, 5,083,996 in total
6.0-magnitude quake strikes off Japan's Fukushima Prefecture, no tsunami warning issued
Colonial Pipeline restarts entire pipeline system - company statement
Hamas launches 100 more missiles in direction of Ashkelon
More than 745,000 COVID-19 infections detected worldwide over past 24 hours - WHO
UN Security Council to hold open session on Israel and Gaza Strip on May 16
Oil prices drop as U.S. pipeline resumes operations
Latvia eases entry rules for vaccinated travelers
Three rockets launched toward Israel from Lebanon, no damage -Israeli military
Africa's COVID-19 cases surpass 4.66 mln
Over 500 residential buildings razed by Israeli airstrikes in Gaza Strip
Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry issues statement on tension on Armenian-Azerbaijani border
China's Qinghai donates anti-pandemic supplies to Kyrgyzstan
Azerbaijani FM talks tension on Azerbaijani-Armenian border with OSCE Chairman-in-Office
Georgian's commercial banks see increase in number of total loans
Azerbaijani, Russian FMs exchange views on tensions on Azerbaijani-Armenian border
Overseas election headquarters established at Iran’s foreign ministry
Sputnik V approved for use in Republic of Maldives
Azerbaijan shares data on number of vaccinated citizens for May 13
All news