DEATH AT WORK, or how to secure human labor

Every year approximately 2.2 million people die in incidents at work and of diseases linked with the labor activities, and the figure can be incomplete, as the labor protection system and accountability is improper in many countries. The figure was indicated in the annual report of the International Labor Organization (ILO), presented to the 17th World Congress on labor protection on 20 September. According to the Statistical Review, developed by the European Union, 120,000 death cases linked with the labor activities were fixed in 15 EU countries. As of the ILO, it comprises 122,000 cases a year. The figure was 130,000 in the United States.

Though the number of diseases linked with the labor activities decreased in the industrially developed countries, the incidents, in particular, those with fatal ends, grow. It first of all concerns some Asian countries, which do not have efficiency accountancy system and which grow in term of tough rivalry in the period of globalization.

A could be referred to the least category, though enough attention was paid to labor protection in the country. A status of the Labor Inspection, established under Ministry of Labor and Social Security in 1997, was adopted in 1998 when a new Labor Code if the Azerbaijan Republic was developed. The establishment was issued a status, as it was charged in inspecting the labor security in the enterprises of the country.

Formerly, the trades unions fulfilled its functions in accordance with the Code of Laws on Labor and the Code on Administrative Violations.

Meanwhile, the Azerbaijani Confederation of Trades Unions said that a practice of last years demonstrated low efficiency of the labor state inspection while investigating the labor violations. It actually makes the entrepreneurs to hide any industrial injuries.

The same time the Ministry of Labor and Social Security also designed a draft law on injecting changes and supplements to the Code on Administrative Law-breaks. The document targeted toughening the punishment by the local by local and foreign enterprises, which violate the national labor legislation.

В"The defense of labor is a vitally important term of a deserved labor,” Khuan Somavia, the General Director of the ILO. Every day approximately 5,000 men and women die worldwide of incidents and diseases linked with the labor activities. The deserved labor should be safe and we should do much to achieve the goal.

The report says that in most developed countries the coverage of the labor protection system and accountability is weak, while in some countries the situation even gets more and more complicated.

As to Azerbaijan, in 2001 a total of 191 industrial injuries were revealed and investigated, according to the State Labor Inspection. As a result, 48 employees died, while 153 people received different service injuries. 213 incidents were fixed at enterprises in 2002, of them 16 were group injuries. As a result, 71 employees died, while 170 people received different service injuries. Over the first quarter of 2003 27 tragic incidents were fixed in the country, which resulted in death 6 people, while 21 people suffered service injuries. However, there are also unregistered cases.

In accordance with Article 217 of the Labor Code of Azerbaijan, an enterprise is committed to inform the State Labor Inspection on any case of industrial incident. However, the State Labor Inspection frequently obtain such data from the law-enforcement bodies, or medical institutions and the relative of the suffered. In this case the fine imposed is not so high and comprise only from 40 to 60 conventional financial units.

The report also noted every year 440,000 people die as a result of contact with dangerous substances. Only the asbestos kills around 100,000 employees a year in the world. For instance, the victims of asbestos in the UK comprise 3,000 people.

According to the State Labor Inspection, 30% of violations of labor legislation fell on industrial enterprises, over 10% - construction ( due to low registration of jobs places), 10% - transport sector, 12% - agriculture, 9.7% - communal economy, over 20% - other spheres.

Data by the ILO testify that the young employees aged between 15 and 24 more jeopardize becoming victims of industrial incidents rater their older co-workers. The same time employees aged above 55 are more imposed to risks of incidents at production and profession diseases.

The ILO stresses the necessity for efforts in the international, regional and national levels, as well as enterprises for preventing or cutting the incidents and diseases linked with the labor activities. The ILO designed a new Global Strategy comprised of 5 items, which calls on the use of the existing standards such as Convention 155 on security and hygiene of labor, which dates to 1981, and the Labor Security Convention. It is dealt with the legislative activities, observation of the laws, on inspection of the conformity of laws to the international norms, as well as the development of the potential of labor security protection, deepening of knowledge, exchange of information, researches and development of support services.

The most important is not to view the labor inspectors as an obstacle in the way of business: the experience testifies more efficient labor inspection exists in the countries with much competitive strength.

Central Bank of Uzbekistan reviews dynamics of national currency exchange rate
Central Bank of Uzbekistan reviews dynamics of national currency exchange rate
Consumer Price Index slightly decreases in Uzbekistan
Consumer Price Index slightly decreases in Uzbekistan
Azerbaijan increases import of Austrian products
Azerbaijan increases import of Austrian products
Loading Bars
SHELL & TURCAS PETROL reduces sales of petroleum products
Iran aims to increase steel production
Rouhani: Iran's economic strategy to be realistic
Iran stock index breaks new record
Int'l Road Transport Union supports transport infrastructure digitalization in Uzbekistan
Georgia's Batumi sees decrease in real estate transactions
Azerbaijani Consulate General in US' LA sends letter of protest to UFC President
German Lufthansa resumes regular flights to Georgia
Turkmenistan imports various types of textile products from EAEU countries
Uzbekistan aims to complete construction of first GTL plant in 2020 despite pandemic
ADB highlights four key areas that can help Uzbekistan to recover its economy
Kazakhstan's uranium production down year-on-year amid COVID-19 pandemic
Export from Turkey to Turkic-speaking countries shows uptick in 1H2020
Colliers International: Number of apartment transactions in Georgian Tbilisi decreases
Equinor reduces production from Azeri-Chirag-Gunashli
Refining volumes down in Kazakhstan due to COVID-19 quarantine measures
Turkey's six-month export to D-8 countries drops
Turkmenistan imports large volume of polymer from Russia
IRU ready to help Uzbekistan create intermodal corridor with Afghanistan, Iran
Geostat reveals Georgia's inflation rate in July 2020
Kazakhstan's Air Astana to buy fuel via tender
Turkey's export to BSEC countries down in 1H2020
Central Bank of Uzbekistan sets currency rates for August 4–August 11
Large volume of sugar products imported to Turkmenistan
Another batch of Azerbaijani oil sent for Belarus
Uzbekistan completing modernization of Mubarek Gas Processing Plant
Kazakhstan’s Almaty Power Stations JSC opens tender to buy transformers
Export from Turkey to OIC member countries lowers in 1H2020
No obstacles for development of Tehran-Baku economic relations
Azerbaijani greenhouses, cooling rooms to be registered online
Kazakhstan's national oil company faces oil transportation declines
Bulgarian gas imports from Azerbaijan may be increased after 2025
TAP to allow Greek DEPA to cut off BOTAS contract supplies
Turkmenistan’s chemical plant increases its production
Kazakhstan, India mutual trade triples despite COVID-19
Azerbaijani oil prices (July 27-31)
Uzbekistan's import of brazilian raw cane sugar shrinks
Central Bank of Uzbekistan reviews dynamics of national currency exchange rate
Eni lowers capital budget by 35%
Kazakhstan's KazMunayGas boosts oil output at country's major fields
Georgia reports new cases of novel coronavirus
Iran's Astara governor asks gov't to address city's problems
AZAL again to increase the frequency of services operated to Istanbul
Eni sees natural gas sales decline year-on-year
Eni’s oil & gas production down in 2Q2020
Iran's tourism industry requires more studies to improve
Consumer Price Index slightly decreases in Uzbekistan
Prices for tours to Turkey sharply grow
Iran Customs Administration reveals import volume
UAE, Afghanistan buy diesel fuel in Turkmenistan
Armenia violates ceasefire with Azerbaijan 35 times
More tariff discounts offered at Iran's Chabahar Port
Value of Iran's Justice Shares increases
Uzbekistan reveals country's COVID-19 data for August 3
Turkey, Iran to reopen air borders on August 15
Number of coronavirus cases worldwide exceeds 18 mln — US university
Kazakhstan reports over 1,000 new COVID-19 cases
Turkey's five-month export to BSEC countries drops
Kazakhstan significantly ups export of goods to Greece
Georgia eyes producing Kombucha natural drink
Azerbaijan increases import of Austrian products
Renewable energy sector is of particular interest both for Romania, Azerbaijan
US hopes for arms control agreement with Russia, China — Trump’s advisor
Peru sees 428,850 cases of COVID-19, 19,614 deaths
US, Russia likely to discuss counterterrorism in coming months - White House official
Hamilton wins F1 British GP despite late puncture
After rocket attack, Israel hits ‘underground’ Hamas targets in Gaza
UAE, Iran foreign ministers discuss COVID challenge
Britain to roll out millions of 90-minute coronavirus tests
France to push for rights sanctions in EU recovery plan: minister to FT
Brazil registers 25,800 new coronavirus cases, death toll tops 94,000
Israel's Iron Dome intercepts rocket from Gaza: army
Guyana opposition presidential candidate Ali declared winner of election
987 new cases, 978 recoveries from coronavirus recorded in Turkey
SpaceX Crew Dragon splashes down off Florida
Demand for Turkish furniture rising in Azerbaijan
Israel's central bank governor warns of further increase of budget deficit
Azerbaijan-Iran trade turnover down
4 dead, 6 injured after boat capsizes in Turkey’s western Foca
Armenia reports 209 new COVID-19 cases
Carpet deliveries from Turkey to Turkmenistan drop
Ukraine puts Georgia on the list of red-zone countries
OECD looks to help Turkmenistan simplify creation of businesses
Russia’s oil production in July kept at June’s level under OPEC+ deal - energy ministry
Kyrgyzstan reports single-day increase in COVID-19 cases by 420
Ozone pollution in July worsens in Tehran
Israel's Netanyahu condemns protests against him, criticises media
Africa's COVID-19 related deaths near 20,000 mark as 944,450 cases confirmed
Azerbaijan confirms 639 new COVID-19 recoveries
Iran's president talks marking Muharram, strengthened anti-COVID measures in provinces
Russia leading among importers of Azerbaijani fruit, vegetables
Turkey's export of ready-made clothing abroad down thanks to COVID-19
Runners told to observe social distancing in Moscow half-marathon
Official: COVID-19 kills 208 more in Iran
Export of Turkish cars to US drops
Quarantine measures extended for two more weeks in Kazakhstan's capital
Georgia reports 6 new COVID cases, 3 imported
AZAL to perform a special charter Baku-Moscow-Baku flight
Azerbaijan introducing project giving profit to owners of Wi Fi networks
Azerbaijani-Turkish joint large-scale tactical exercises underway (VIDEO)
All news