Iran aims for single-digit power waste percentage
Baku, Azerbaijan, April 28
By Dalga Khatinoglu - Trend:
Iran's power sector suffers heavenly from three problems - gas fuel shortage, low efficiency of power plants as well as huge amount of electricity waste during the distribution process.
The country has increased gas delivers to power plant by more than 20 billion cubic meters since 2013. Currently the share of natural gas fuel in power generation is above 82 percent, compared to 56 percent 3 years ago. However, the country still needs another 20 billion cubic meters of gas to curb the liquid fuel burning in power plants, which shares about 40 percent in CO2 emissions in Iran.
The other problem of Iran's electricity sector is the low efficiency of power plants, which stands at 37 percent on average.
Last decade, Iran decided to convert the thermal power plants to combined-cycle types, with above 45 percent efficiency, but the share of combined-cycle power plants in the country's total electricity production has remained unchanged at 25 percent during the last several years.
Meanwhile, the Islamic Republic has improved the situation with electricity waste, but there are still huge amounts of power waste during the distribution process.
For instance, Iran generated 252 billion kilowatts-hour (kWh) of electricity in 2013 (excluding 8-billion kWh of power used by plants themselves), of which 205 billion kWh was consumed, and the net exports stood at about 8 billion kWh in 2013. Thus, above 15 percent of the produced electricity was wasted during the transmission and distribution process.
However, a glance at the details of the annual reports of Energy Ministry shows that the figure reached 12-13 percent in last fiscal year, ended at March 2016.
Iran produced 270 billion kWh electricity, consumed 231 billion kWh, while its net exports stood at 5.5 billion Kwh.
Fars new agency quoted the director of the Iranian state energy company Tavanir, Arash Kordi, that currently the power waste stands at 11 percent and it would decrease to a single-digit figure during the current fiscal year.