Transport (january-april 2010)
In January-April 2010, the cargo transportation by all transport means made up 1.1 billion tons of cargo or 3.1% more than 2009.
In January-April, of the total cargo volume transported, 48.4 percent accounted for road transport, 34.1 percent - pipelines, 11.3 percent - rail and 6.2 percent - by sea.
The passenger transportation during the reported period totaled 426.9 million people, which is 3.3 percent more than January-April 2010. In this case, 84.9 percent of passenger transportation was provided by the private sector. Passenger transportation by automobile was 84.9 percent, metro - 14.5 percent.
In 2010, automobile transport took the lion share in the transport field of the country. The cargo transportation by vehicles in January-April 2010 made up 28.7mln tons of cargo, or 6.6% more than the same period of 2009. Passenger transportation comprised 362.6mln people with 96.6% people using buses and 3.4% people vehicles. During the reported period, cargo turnover by road transport grew by 6.4 percent compared with January-April last year, while passenger traffic rose by 8.4 percent.
One of the reasons for the growth of road transport is improvement after the reconstruction of the road.
In January-April 2010, the Azerbaijan State Railway Department (ASRD) transported 6.7mln tons of cargo, an increase of 0.5% compared to 2009. The number of loaded carriages made up 683 in average and unloaded - 444. Average daily load of carriages in the northern direction is 33,500 tons and in western direction - 2,700, but in the southern direction - 3,300.
The cargo shipping via sea rose by 9.9% to 3.6 million tons in January-April 2010. The transportation of the Kazakh oil played its role in the increase in the cargo transportation. According to the data provided by the Caspian State Shipping Company, about 450-500,000 tons of oil are transported from Kazakhstan to Azerbaijan per year. About 250,000 tons of oil were transported by Chevron Company.
About 67.0 percent of cargo shipping fell on oil and oil products, while 33.0 on dry cargo. All cargo deliveries were implemented under the international operations. The volume of cargo processed in Azerbaijani ports was 3.1 million tons in January-April 2010. As of May 1, 2010, 18,500 tons of cargo left in the ports for import, which is 4.1 times more compared to last year.
In January-April 2010, the export via oil pipelines made up 15.6 million tons. During this period, 76.3 percent or 11.9 million tons of oil was transported via the BTC (data provided by the State Statistics Committee).
Transportation via gas pipelines made up 6.4bln cubic meters or 3.5% more than 2009. The major reason for the growth is the export of the Azerbaijani gas to the foreign markets. 27.8% of the transported gas fell on South Caucasus Pipeline. About 1.8 billion cubic meters of gas was transported via this pipeline.
In January-April 2010, the passenger transportation via airways totaled 257,500 people compared to 354,000 in the same period of the last year. The share of public sector in air transportation was 77.4 percent, and private sector - 22.6 percent.
Metro remains the most popular and profitable modes of transport. The Baku Metro conveys 550,000-560,000 passengers per day on average. It conveys around 700,000 passengers on working days. In January-April 2010, 62.1mln passengers used metro services or 14.9% less.
In January-April 2010, 7.9mln tons of cargo (an increase of 5.5%) and 34.5mln passengers (a rise of 7.8%) were transported via the Eurasian corridor.