Baku, Moscow experts discuss security issues in South Caucasus and Caspian region (PHOTO)

Baku, Moscow experts discuss security issues in South Caucasus and Caspian region (PHOTO)

Baku, Azerbaijan, April 12

By Matanat Nasibova – Trend:

A round table discussion on the security problems of the South Caucasus and the countries of the Caspian region was held at the press center of Trend News Agency.

The event was organized by the North-South political center under moderation of Anzhelika Trapeznikova, the executive director of North-South, and Gulnara Mammadzade, the head of the Caspian Expert Club.

In a welcoming speech, the moderators of the round table noted the importance of holding a meeting for forming an expert dialogue of Caspian littoral states, as well as the prospects for further cooperation, particularly in the field of security.

Speaking at the event, Azerbaijani MP Rasim Musabayov drew the attention of the round table participants to the qualitative changes that occurred in the context of regional security, including that of the Caspian Sea.

According to him, cooperation going beyond the frames of the partnership of the littoral states and beyond the Caspian region is necessary for neutralizing risks and threats in the region and in the Caspian Sea.

Musabayov noted that, as of today, this kind of a tight cooperation exists between Russia and Azerbaijan. The two countries hold joint military exercises aimed at neutralizing terrorist threats, exchange experience and information, and law enforcement agencies of the two countries closely cooperate in the area of ​​security – all of which allow for the preservation of security.

Touching on the issues of Russian-Azerbaijani cooperation in the context of the new challenges for the Caspian region, the roundtable participant Stanislav Chernyavsky, Director of the Center for Post-Soviet Studies at Moscow State Institute of International Relations, noted certain positive trends with regards to the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

Chernyavsky spoke positively about the past meeting of the parties in Vienna in March of this year, noting that there was an intensification of regular contacts between the leaders of Azerbaijan and Armenia, including the participation of the Russian side.

While breaking down the topic of the development of North-South, East-West and South-West transport corridors, stating that they are a condition for ensuring the security of the Caspian region, Azerbaijani political scientist Ilgar Velizade said that the economic aspect is one of the foundations that motivates the security of the Caspian region today.

Thanks to the implemented projects, a new logistic map of the region is being formed, and all regional players show great interest in making use of these logistics, which is an incentive for security, according to him.

Velizade noted that the southern regions of Russia are actively using the infrastructure that is being built in the South Caucasus, which ensures the development of economic ties between Russia and Azerbaijan.

According to him, some experts often misinterpret the events occurring in the region, while comprehending the interdependence of the countries – in this case, Russia and Azerbaijan –depends on correct assessment and analysis by experts and the media.

Touching on the signing of the “Constitution of the Caspian Sea” in the context of ensuring regional security in the South Caucasus, Konstantin Kurylev, Doctor of History at the Department of Theory and History of International Relations of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, said that this convention is of serious importance not only from a regional, but also from a global standpoint, as it creates conditions for ensuring stability and security in the Caspian.

According to the Russian expert, this will significantly strengthen the position of Azerbaijan in the region, as it provides an opportunity for increasing the volume of international cargo transportation, as well as increasing interest in the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars transport corridor.

According to Kurylev, the Caspian Convention is important for Baku not only from an economic, but also from a political standpoint.

While addressing the issue of regional conflicts and security in the South Caucasus, Elkhan Alasgarov, PhD, head of the Expert Council of the Baku Network, said that the most important condition for ensuring stability and security in the South Caucasus is the settlement of the years-long Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

According to the political analyst, two blocs formed in the South Caucasus that influence the situation in the region - these are the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and NATO.

“NATO’s presence in the South Caucasus is gradually expanding, and this became obvious after the CSTO’s prestige decreased in connection with the scandal over Secretary-General Khachaturov’s resignation. As for the situation in Armenia, the pro-Western element clearly strengthened with the rise of a new government in the country. Nevertheless, a favorable situation is emerging today for the resolution of the conflict, since the level of external threats and risks has been reduced. For example, the spread of terrorism in Syria has been prevented, the level of risks and threats with respect to Iran has been reduced, and I believe that, in this situation, the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict should become a priority in the South Caucasus. In my opinion, the future of the South Caucasus without a resolution of this problem seems obscure,” Alasgarov said.

Furthermore, in the context of deepening economic relations between Azerbaijan and Russia in light of the formation of a new technological structure in the world economy and economic security, deputy director of the Russian School of Economics Professor Elshad Mammadov emphasized that there has been a fairly high level of volatility in the world economy in recent years. At present, the world economy is moving to the stage of forming a new, sixth technological order, and the geography of centers of activity and the structural component of economic development are changing.

Mammadov noted that one of the key points in the sphere of cooperation between Russia and Azerbaijan is the positive dynamics in trade, and – from the point of view of the development of the Azerbaijani non-oil sector, and taking into account the fact that Azerbaijan is implementing a policy of diversification of the economy – Russia is deemed a priority direction.

In the near future, it is necessary for Russia and Azerbaijan to implement investment programs, switch to mutual settlements in national currencies, and also increase the degree of technological cooperation between business entities, according to him.

Issues regarding information security were raised by Tofig Abbasov, Senior Advisor of the Baku International Multiculturalism Center, who noted that Azerbaijan and Russia need to work out mechanisms of complementarity so that there are no problems in this direction.

In conclusion, the roundtable participants discussed the problem of terrorist threats in the Caspian and South Caucasus, as well as the risks associated with the transport of narcotic drugs to the Caspian states.

Speaking on this topic, expert on national security issues Kamil Salimov noted that the threat of drugs in the South Caucasus and in the Caspian countries tends to grow.

According to him, this is largely due to the fact that the tactics, strategy and methods of delivering drugs by land and sea are changing.

Salimov emphasized the fact that terrorist threats against the region have become more frequent since the beginning of Armenia’s occupation of Azerbaijani territories.

Summing up the event, Gulnara Mammadzade, moderator of the round table and head of the Caspian Expert Club, noted the importance of holding such expert meetings, which create a platform for discussions on global issues and issues of the international agenda.

The expert noted that all these pressing issues need to be discussed and analyzed in order to transmit an objective and competent opinion to the public.

Follow the author on Twitter: @MatanatNasibova

Rouhani introduces new industry minister to Parl.
Rouhani introduces new industry minister to Parl.
Minister: Iran's gas network covers 95 percent of population
Minister: Iran's gas network covers 95 percent of population
WHO representative to visit Hamedan
WHO representative to visit Hamedan
Loading Bars
Latest
70 killed in Beirut blasts as huge explosions rock Lebanon capital (VIDEO) (UPDATE)
189 new COVID-19 cases reported in UAE, 61,352 in total
Indonesia eyes production of 250 million doses a year of coronavirus vaccine
Half-year cargo movement from Portugal via Turkish ports revealed
Turkey's health minister warns of rise in daily new COVID-19 cases
Lebanese Kataeb party leader killed in Beirut blast
EU energy sector sees 3.3 pct rise in industrial producer prices
Africa's COVID-19 cases near 970,000
Kazakh COVID-19 vaccine developers test it on themselves
A weekend of fires guts forests in western Turkish cities of Manisa and Izmir
Rouhani introduces new industry minister to Parl.
Lebanese PM’s family and advisers hurt in blast in Beirut
White House says U.S. tracking explosion in Beirut closely
Highly-skilled Chinese doctors arrive in Baku to help fight COVID-19 (FOTO)
EU, FAO assist Georgian eco-migrant in expanding his broccoli farm
Poland interested in dev’t of co-op with Turkmenistan in transport sector
Volumes of six-month cargo shipment from Greece via Turkish ports announced
Turkey reveals data on half-year cargo shipment from Egypt via its ports
Turkish university opens tender to purchase electricity
Azerbaijani MPs to observe presidential elections in Belarus
Iran to pursue import-substitution policy
Subsidiary of Powerchina company awarded contract to reconstruct Georgian highway
Cargo shipment from Israel via Turkish ports for 1H2020 revealed
Turkey announces figures for 1H2020 cargo shipment from Georgia via its ports
Georgia holds working meeting on study of COVID-19 management and impact
Export of Kazakh-made goods to Australia skyrockets
Equipment for farmers to be registered in Azerbaijan
Swiss train manufacturing company Stadler Rail to set up plant in Georgia
Azerbaijan's State Social Protection Fund to lower expenses
Japan invests in Azerbaijan's agriculture
Iran attracts foreign investments in Qazvin province's industrial towns
Uzbekistan's coal production decreases mildly in 1H2020
SOCAR Construction eyes participation in Belarusian main oil pipeline project
Turkmenistan to receive EBRD loan to address legacy of oil production activities
Minister: Azerbaijan's payment balance affected by COVID-19 pandemic-hit global economy
Georgian Caviar works to reduce share of imported caviar in Georgian market
Azerbaijan confirms 588 new COVID-19 recoveries
Iran reaches self-sufficiency in wheat production
SOCAR discloses August plans for Baku-Novorossiysk
UK's activity at Turkmen State Commodity Exchange in July 2020 disclosed
Turkey reveals volume of Italian cargo transshipment via its ports amid COVID-19 pandemic
Export volume of Georgia's Margebeli Holding down
Uzbekistan slightly increases cement production
Volume of 1H2020 cargo transshipment from Spain via Turkish ports announced
Google Cloud prepares for Black Friday 'peak on top of peak'
Growth in Azerbaijan's budget deficit to be covered
Uzbekistan, Russia sign agreement on cooperation in cybersecurity
Turkey purchases base oils, cotton yarn at Turkmen State Commodity Exchange
Pension Agency reveals amount of funds accumulated in Georgia's pension fund
Mexico's El Universal publishes article about Armenia's recent military provocation against Azerbaijan
Pay with Mastercard in Bravo and drive out your new Lexus. (PHOTO)
TABIB comments on reported lack of tests to detect coronavirus cases in Azerbaijan
Uzbek-Korean JV opens tender to buy high-temperature fiber
Iran to increase petrochemical production
Incomes, expenses of State Oil Fund of Azerbaijan revised
Turkmenistan to complete removing of top foliage in cotton
Kazakhstan's VTB bank increases concessional lending to SMEs
Uzbekistan to set state duty for industrial hemp cultivation
Turkish ministry discloses 1H2020 volume of oil transportation through local ports
Kazakh-Chinese company to buy spare parts for compressors via tender
Azerbaijan's Chamber of Auditors prepares draft amendments to tax, civil codes
Insurance reserves of Azerbaijan’s Ipek Yolu insurance company sharply grow
Turkish Ministry of Education to rent vehicles through tender
Azerbaijan's state budget revenues for 2020 announced
Rekan Group has big plans for real estate, tourism markets of Georgia
Azerbaijani president, first VP view works to be done in new forest type park in Yasamal district (PHOTO)
Turkey increases trade with Azerbaijan since early 2020
Azerbaijan's Qala Hayat raises insurance reserves
Kazakhstan's coal industry displaying positive dynamics despite COVID-19
Azerbaijan purchases equipment to support production of medical masks during COVID-19 (ФОТО)
Poland considers Turkmenistan important partner in energy sector
Iranian government to barter debts of private companies
Fuel oil prices plummet in Kazakhstan amid COVID-19
Hyundai Engineering eyeing modernizing heating network in Uzbekistan's Quvasoy
Ambassador: Georgia needs thoughtful marketing strategy to enter Japanese market
Sale of US dollar by State Oil Fund of Azerbaijan at currency auctions up in July 2020
BP PETROLLERİ A.S. lowers petroleum products’ sales in Turkey
Russia remains major exporter of fertilizers to Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan aims to expand water supply to regions lacking water resources
Uzbekistan's Shurtan Gas Chemical Complex increases polyethylene exports
Uzbekistan may face prices increase for major consumer goods
Iran's agriculture sector requires more financial support
Uzbekistan increases polyethylene production
Uzbekistan increases production of dry wine
Turkmenistan imports dyes from Russia
Volume of ammonium nitrate transshipment via Turkish ports in 1H2020 disclosed
Georgia develops safety protocol for foreign observers in October elections
Turkmenistan to receive medical cargo from UAE
Prices of Azerbaijani oil continue edging up
Uzbekistan increases export of red beans to Afghanistan despite pandemic
Turkmenistan's Rysgal Bank increases its assets
Georgian Kareli Fruits company plans to cultivate its own orchards
Coordinator of Council of Azerbaijanis in Sweden makes statement
MP: Iran's Astara County has potential to improve country's economy
Gold, silver prices grow in Azerbaijan
Turkey limits entrance of Iranian trucks
BP’s net wind generation capacity down
Kazakh oilfield construction company announces tender to buy pipes
Uzbekistan to sell state share in Uzbek oil company
BP expects Upstream production to drop quarter-on-quarter
All news