Damascus-Jerusalem Peace Process Possible Only if Golan Heights Returned – Experts

Azerbaijan, Baku, 12 June / Trend corr E. Tariverdiyeva, R. Hafizoglu, U. Sadikhova/ Peace process between Damascus and Jerusalem may be possible only in case the Golan Heights, occupied by Israel, are returned to Syria.

"First of all, occupied Palestinian and Lebanese lands, as well as the Golan Heights, must be liberated. Peace process will have effect only if Israel liberates all lands occupied by 1967," independent Syrian political scientist Akram Huzam said.

"Syria refused to restore direct negotiations with Israel, until Jerusalem promises to leave the Golan Heights," Cursor news agency reported.

The foreign minister of Syria Valid Muallem said in his interview with Al-Hayar newspaper in mid-May: "We will prevent anything which will make Syria to do something, even a step in advance without the full withdrawal (of Israel) from the Golan Heights. It is not just necessary terms, it our right"

The Syrian political expert Huzam believes that the peace talks between Damascus and Israel do not depend on Ehud Olmert. "Many oppositional forces and parties of Israel do not want peace talks with Syria to be restored," Huza said to Trend over a telephone from Lebanon on 12 June.

According to expert, Israel should fulfil all requirements of the international conventions for the sake of peace in the region.

According to the Syrian political expert Husni Makhali, Israel do not want peace with Syria and it is doing its best so that the talks will not take place. "Unlike Syria, Israel has never trusted these talks. The supporters of Israel in the United States, led by the President Bush, refused all attempts of Ankara to mediate between the conflicting parties," Makhali said to Trend on a telephone. 

According to the political expert, the Golan Heights should be returned to its true historical owner in order to restore peace talks.

According to Makhali, the statement of Israel which says that Syria does not wish peace talks is not true. "The main reason of Jerusalem's reluctance to hold talks is the political instability in Israel," Syrian expert said.

American expert Paul Sullivan thinks the chances for peace between Israel and Syria without the return of the Golan is zero. "Israeli views and policies toward Syria may change after Mr. Olmert leaves, but those changes will be determined by who takes over after him. My guess is that a hardliner has a very good chance of taking his place. If that happens we may be back to step 1. Also important in all of this are the efforts of the Turkish government, especially those from the AKP, who have done a lot to move the peace process forward - but in quiet and effective ways. It may be very important for Israeli-Syrian relations what happens in Turkish politics," Sullivan, a professor of the Georgetown University, wrote to Trend via e-mail on 12 June.

Jihad Saadi, a Kuwaiti political scientist believes that the peace agreement between Israel and Syria will not be signed unless the Golan Heights are returned. "Besides territorial pretends, Syria has a range of other demands, which Israel is not ready to implement," Saadi told Trend via a telephone on 12 June.   

The American Administration has stated that the interference by Syria into Lithuania, in its turn, hinders the negotiations.

"The problem to sign a peace negotiation between the sides depends on the opposition parties of Israel, which absolutely reject the idea of returning back the Golan Heights to Syria, rather than from the Israeli prime Minister," Saadi said.

According to the political scientist, the Israeli government submits these issues for consideration more likely to raise the political influence of Ehud Olmert rather than to reach a peace settlement of the problem. 

No concrete negotiations between Syria and Israel still have been reached. Expert considers that all the measures taken by Israel are just a democratic popularization.

Previously, Syrian President Bashar Asad stated that Damask was ready to launch peace negotiations with Israel during his meeting with the then Turkish President Ahmad Necdet Sezer and Prime Minister Erdogan. Israel did not agree to launch the peace negotiations with Syria at that time.

Israel occupied Syria's the Golan Heights during Arab-Israeli war in 1967, and annexed the territory in 1981.

The correspondent can be contacted at [email protected]

Azerbaijani oil prices up
Azerbaijani oil prices up
Weekly review of Azerbaijani currency market
Weekly review of Azerbaijani currency market
Azerbaijan has favorable investment climate - Turkish MUSIAD
Azerbaijan has favorable investment climate - Turkish MUSIAD
Loading Bars
Latest
Anti-Turkic campaigns periodically carried out - Azerbaijani president's assistant
Azerbaijan's victory in Second Karabakh War is victory for entire Turkic world - top official
Azerbaijan working to develop ties between Turkic states - president's assistant
Turkic Council developing roadmap for better co-op with Turkic-speaking countries
Turkic-speaking countries to continue to support Azerbaijan - Turkic Council
Armenia's refusal to provide maps of mines on Azerbaijan's lands is concerning - ambassador
Turkic Council's meeting held in Baku (PHOTO)
Iran reveals COVID-19 data for April 10
Kazakh, Uzbek PMs launch construction of new 'Central Asia' int'l co-op center
Turkish Ambassador: I've never separated Azerbaijan and Turkey, both are homeland to me
Buta Airways to Start Operating Flights to Zhukovsky Airport
Turkey's support for Azerbaijan in Karabakh war will always be in our memory - President Aliyev
Azerbaijan's MoD organizes visit for foreign military attaches to Air Force military unit
Turkish-Azerbaijani fraternal relations are at highest level today - President Aliyev
Iran's exports via Jolfa border checkpoint increase
Georgia reports 506 new coronavirus cases for April 10
SOCAR's capex to moderate due to SGC, STAR refinery’s commissioning
Certain licenses issued to setting up enterprises in Iran's Markazi Province
Turkey unveils 2M2021 data on freight, passenger traffic through Ankara Esenboga Airport
Azerbaijani oil prices up
Fitch Affirms SOCAR at 'BB+'
Turkmenistan's state budget revenues surpass initial forecast
Georgian TBC Leasing's secured debt rating equalizes with its Long-Term IDR
Azerbaijani president awards former Turkish ambassador with 'Dostlug' order
President Ilham Aliyev receives Turkish Ambassador to Azerbaijan Erkan Ozoral (PHOTO)
Turkmenistan's GDP grows in 1Q2021
Weekly review of Azerbaijani currency market
Iranian currency rates for April 10
Azerbaijan has favorable investment climate - Turkish MUSIAD
Azerbaijani Mine Action Agency continues to clear Gubadly, Zangilan, Jabrayil from mines
India reports a record 145,384 COVID-19 infections
Armenia set up booby traps on Azerbaijan's de-occupied lands - Mine Action Agency
Azerbaijan's rhythmic gymnasts 2-nd in online tournament organized by Finnish Gymnastics Federation
Azerbaijani gymnastics team captures silver in Egypt (PHOTO)
China's top market regulator imposes penalty on Alibaba Group over monopoly conduct
Iran's Isfahan producing 2,100 tons of medicinal herbs
Japanese entrepreneurs intend to increase imports of Kyrgyz honey
Austrian companies eye contribution to Georgian ports' expansion - ministry
Turkey reports 55,791 new COVID-19 cases
Germany to amend law for nationwide COVID-19 response
World Bank says Azerbaijan's consumer market to grow till 2023
Janssen's COVID-19 vaccine under EU review over blood clots
Number of COVID-2019 cases across globe up by over 718,000 in past day, says WHO
Poland's COVID-19 cases top 2.5 mln
Georgian-Lithuanian co-op facilitates freight transport between China, Europe - Ministry
US accelerator to provide Azerbaijani startup project with big investments
Eurowings to start flights from Dusseldorf to Georgia
NASA's Mars helicopter to attempt first flight
Health Minister hails vaccination in driving down COVID-19 severity in Turkey
Saudi-led coalition intercepts bomb-laden drone towards border city
Azerbaijani president expresses condolences to PM of UK
UN interested in intensifying ties with Azerbaijan - President of General Assembly
Azerbaijani FM, Sec-Gen of Turkic Council discuss issues of mutual interest (PHOTO)
"Georgia Capital" investment company to sell part of its business
Iran's only option on negotiation table - US lifting sanction - Iran’s ambassador to IAEA
Turkmen Helath Ministry opens tender for purchase of medical supplies
South Korean PM to visit Iran for Seoul-Tehran Cooperation
Speaker of Azerbaijani parliament meets with president of 75th session of UN General Assembly (PHOTO)
Azerbaijani president expresses condolences to Queen Elizabeth II
Azerbaijan clearing territory for new settlement of mines in Zangilan district
Azerbaijan aims developing use of wind energy
Russian, Turkish presidents call for restoration of transport infrastructure of South Caucasus
Azerbaijan actively participates in implementation of int’l projects within BTK and North-South corridors
State Oil Company of Azerbaijan digitizes information on oil and gas wells in corporate database
Azerbaijani, Turkish armies Joint Operational-Tactical Exercises end (PHOTO/VIDEO)
International Bank of Azerbaijan opens tender to buy network equipment
Russia always ready for settlement option supported by sides of Karabakh conflict - Foreign Ministry
State Oil Company of Azerbaijan hosts opening ceremony of Visualization Center (PHOTO)
Embassy of India organizes Interactive Webinar to promote Indian spices (PHOTO)
Bank Melli Iran’s branch in Azerbaijan completes Q1 2021 with profit
Uzbekistan receives status of GSP+ system's beneficiary
Turkmenistan's Turkmenhimiya SC opens tender for ammonium nitrate purchase
Turkish business’s interest in Azerbaijan’s Khachmaz district growing (PHOTO)
Azerbaijani defense minister meets with Turkish ambassador
Mine Terror: Armenia's terrifying deceit – Trend’s video project
Georgia and Israel agree on legal employment
President of VimpelCom points out necessity to observe balance between security and privacy on Internet
Latvia looks to promote further cooperation with Azerbaijan in education
U.S. producer prices surge in March
Development Bank of Kazakhstan looking to expand co-op with Turkish businessmen
Main reasons for drop in Kazakhstan's foreign reserves unveiled
Azerbaijan restores production of silk carpets
US, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Georgia to discuss further co-op on cargo transportation
Azerbaijan National Depository Center discloses volume of coupon payments to investors in March
Azerbaijan publishes latest data on vaccinated citizens
Turnover on payment cards in Azerbaijan spikes by late February 2021
Israel Canada to build 450 prestige homes in Hod Hasharon
Spain cuts 2021 growth forecast to 6.5% after first-quarter contraction
Azerbaijan's State Tax Service introducing innovations in its database processing system
Canada adds 303,100 jobs in March, unemployment rate falls to 7.5%
Iran's banking problem to continues if FATF related bills not approved - CBI
Azerbaijan confirms 2,206 more COVID-19 cases, 1,578 recoveries
Iran still waiting for its foreign currency revenues to arrive
EU gas production falls amid rising gas consumption
Paris hospitals brace for COVID-19 third wave peak around April 20
South Korea not yet releasing Iran's frozen funds - CBI governor
Azerbaijan sees rise in 2M2021 clearing transactions for small payments
Kazakhstan acquainted with global trends in attracting investments
Profit of Azerbaijan's Azeraluminium LLC exceeds forecast
Kazakhstan's Kostanay region to implement various projects within state program
All news