Document on illegal activities in Azerbaijan’s occupied lands circulated at UN

Document on illegal activities in Azerbaijan’s occupied lands circulated at UN

Baku, Azerbaijan, May 25


A document titled “Legal opinion on third party obligations with respect to illegal economic and other activities in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan”, presented by the permanent representative of Azerbaijan to the UN, was circulated at the General Assembly and the Security Council of the UN.

The document was prepared at the request of the government of Azerbaijan by the eminent international lawyer, Alain Pellet, who is also an emeritus professor at Universite Paris Ouest Nanterre La Defense and a former member (1990-2011) and chair (1997) of the International Law Commission.

“Against the background of the uninterrupted attempts of Armenia to cover up its unlawful actions and depart from its commitments and obligations by means of misinterpretation of the international legal norms and principles, as well as the UN Security Council resolutions, Azerbaijan has consistently promoted the critical importance of upholding international law and its faithful application with a view to achieving a long-awaited breakthrough in resolving the [Nagorno-Karabakh] conflict and ending the occupation of the territories of Azerbaijan and the suffering of the people affected by the Armenian aggression,” reads the document.

“Numerous documents on legal aspects of the conflict have been prepared by Azerbaijan.”

In particular, Azerbaijan submitted to the UN secretary general the reports on the legal consequences of the armed aggression of Armenia against Azerbaijan, on the fundamental norm of the territorial integrity of states and the right to self-determination in the light of Armenia’s revisionist claims, on the international legal responsibilities of Armenia as the belligerent occupier of Azerbaijani territory and on the international legal rights of the Azerbaijani internally displaced persons (IDPs), the document noted.

Meanwhile, Azerbaijan submitted to the UN secretary general a comprehensive report of Ministry of Foreign Affairs on “Illegal economic and other activities in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan” which demonstrated, through facts, figures and statistical data, that Armenia’s policy and practices in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan were in breach of international law, undermined the prospects of achieving a political settlement of the conflict and posed an imminent threat to peace, security and stability in the region, said the document.

The “Legal opinion on third party obligations with respect to illegal economic and other activities in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan” provides an authoritative neutral view, which contributes to a better understanding of the existing legal commitments and requirements for addressing the resolution of the conflict and related issues and offers concrete measures that might be taken in that regard.

Armenia’s illegal economic and other activities are classified in the document, and legal opinions on Armenia’s wrongful acts, as well as legal responsibilities of third parties are provided below:

- Establishment of settlements/encouraging transfer of Armenian population into the occupied territories;
- Exploitation and trade of natural resources of Azerbaijan;
- Economic and financial activities;
- Change in infrastructure and exploitation of the telecommunication network;
- Alteration of the cultural character and heritage of the occupied territories;
- Promotion of the occupied territories as a tourist destination, organization of illegal visits and other activities.

According to the main findings in the document, Armenia is responsible for internationally wrongful acts, several of which constitute serious breaches of obligations arising from peremptory norms of general international law. These include, most notably:

- The use of force in order to impose the de facto secession of the Nagorno-Karabakh region and other districts of Azerbaijan occupied by Armenia in violation of the Charter of the UN;
- The ensuing violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Azerbaijan;
- The ethnic cleansing in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan, including the establishment of settlements and the transfer of populations resulting in the change of the demographic composition of those territories;
- The gross violations of the law of belligerent occupation, in particular of article 43 of the Regulations respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land of 1907 and article 49 of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 1949;
- The exploitation of the natural resources of the occupied territories without consideration for the primacy of the interests of the population (as it existed before the ethnic cleansing in the region);
- The alteration of the cultural heritage of the region.

The document makes it clear that the aforementioned serious breaches call for the application of the special consequences resulting from aggravated responsibility, namely:

- The non-recognition of the situation created by such breaches;
- The prohibition of aid or assistance in maintaining that situation;
- The exclusion of any immunities for the authors of these breaches;
- All states are required to invoke responsibility and take measures against it, including by means of sanctions, as well as criminal prosecutions and civil proceedings.

The rule of law shall be basis of international relations and conflict resolution processes, reads the document.

“We call on international community, relevant international organizations, OSCE Minsk Group co-chair states, foreign legal and natural persons to take into consideration the “Legal opinion on third party obligations with respect to illegal economic and other activities in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan” and other fundamental legal reports regarding legal aspects of the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict,” the document said.

The conflict between the two South Caucasus countries began in 1988 when Armenia made territorial claims against Azerbaijan. As a result of the ensuing war, in 1992 Armenian armed forces occupied 20 percent of Azerbaijan, including the Nagorno-Karabakh region and seven surrounding districts.

The 1994 ceasefire agreement was followed by peace negotiations. Armenia has not yet implemented four UN Security Council resolutions on withdrawal of its armed forces from the Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding districts.

Azerbaijan confirms 1,259 more COVID-19 recoveries
Azerbaijan confirms 1,259 more COVID-19 recoveries
Azercell’s Mobile Eye Clinic joins campaign for IDPs initiated by the UN (PHOTO)
Azercell’s Mobile Eye Clinic joins campaign for IDPs initiated by the UN (PHOTO)
Teimur Radjabov defeats Levon Aronian at Skilling Open tournament
Teimur Radjabov defeats Levon Aronian at Skilling Open tournament
Loading Bars
Iran slightly raises electrical goods import from Turkey in 10M2020
Details on Enguri HPP rehabilitation process in Georgia unveiled
Scientist talks Azerbaijani toponyms appropriated by Armenia
Procedure for quarterly payment of VAT in Uzbekistan stays unchanged
Georgia reports 3,071 new coronavirus cases, 3,366 recoveries
Rate of urea production doubled in Turkmenistan
Late-planting potatoes being harvested in Turkmenistan’s Dashoguz region
Building materials import in Uzbekistan down
Switzerland sees potential in strengthening ties with Azerbaijan in renewable energy
Gas production in Iran grows
Azerbaijani Finance Ministry puts up medium-term bonds for auction
Azerbaijan sends samples of local tobacco to Brazil, Germany
Azerbaijan fulfilled UN's resolution by entering Kalbajar- speaker
President Ilham Aliyev addressing the nation - LIVE (PHOTO)
Hybrid cars gaining popularity in Azerbaijan - Toyota Center Baku
Kazakh soft drinks manufacturer eyes building plant in Uzbekistan
Equinor, SOCAR work on detailing possible development solution for Karabagh project
Azerbaijan shares satellite images of liberated Kalbajar district (PHOTO)
Cargo shipments in containers through Port of Baku up
Ukrainian Bees Airline plans to launch flights to Georgian Batumi
Azerbaijan contributed to protection of Christian landmarks worldwide - Azerbaijani Deputy Minister for Culture
Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil transportation to Turkey up m-o-m
Azerbaijani army firstly to take control of border with Armenia, highland positions in Kalbajar - MoD (PHOTO)
Turkmenistan, Japan have prospects for intensifying mutually beneficial relations
Uzbekistan to study Germany’s experience in renewable energy field
Azerbaijan reveals data on export and import of cotton over 10M2020
Uzbekistan launches legumes exports to Laos for first time ever
Weekly review of Georgian capital markets
Ukrainian refineries get around 138,000 tons of Azeri Light via UkrTransNafta
Azerbaijani Armed Forces units enter Kalbajar (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Revenue of Kazakhstan's KazMunayGas plummet year-on-year
Personnel changes at AccessBank
Kalbajar returned to its true owners - Turkish government
Assembly of new-generation combines starts in Azerbaijan
Azerbaijani currency rates for Nov. 25
Iranian currency rates for November 25
US welcomes observance of agreements on settlement in Karabakh - Pentagon
Kalbajar district's return to Azerbaijan - new triumph of historical justice, says expert
As winter approaches, Egypt braces for second coronavirus wave
Turkmenistan, Malaysia aim to boost co-op in oil and gas sector
Uzbekistan reveals its COVID-19 data for November 25
President Ilham Aliyev allocates AZN 5m for design and construction of Barda-Aghdam railway line
Iranian Energy Exchange announces products to be on sale November 25
Fitch withdraws ratings of Yerevan due to incorrect information
Iran to expand economic relations with Qatar
Iran announces readiness to increase percentage of enrichment
Davit Zalkaliani congratulates Gerry Connolly on election as President of NATO PA
First video footage from liberated Kalbajar region (PHOTO/VIDEO)
720 new coronavirus cases in Kazakhstan over last 24 hrs
Energy, transport sectors – main area of Romanian interest in Turkmenistan
1 dead, 2 missing after workshop collapse in SW China city
Import of Turkish clothes by Uzbekistan drops sharply
75 more coronavirus patients die in Moscow in past day — crisis center
Number of COVID-2019 cases across globe up by over 463,000 in past day — WHO
Israel reports 798 new COVID-19 cases, 330,796 in total
Units of the Azerbaijan Army enter Kalbajar region
Pennsylvania certifies election results for Biden
Iran, Qatar sign MoU to cooperate on economy
Kalbajar region of Azerbaijan being liberated from Armenian occupation today
China, Japan eye closer cooperation amid COVID-19 pandemic
Construction of the TAPI gas pipeline in Afghanistan territory will continue next year
ICESCO SecGen sends letter to President Aliyev
Azerbaijani, Russian presidents hold phone talks
Urban transformation back on track for ‘abandoned’ Istanbul neighborhood
“Scorched earth” strategy of Armenians leaving Azerbaijani Kalbajar region did not escape EC attention - report
President Rouhani: Iran to be able to mass produce coronavirus vaccine soon
Turkmenistan is convinced of the need to attract political-diplomatic tools to achieve peace and prosperity in Afghanistan
Georgian banks see increase in interest income
Azerbaijan’s revenues from export of hazelnuts down
Azerbaijan’s import of plastics and plastic products drops
Turkmenistan will continue to cooperate with Afghanistan on security issues
Nursing homes will be first to get COVID-19 vaccine in Spain
Troops from Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan who took part in Karabakh conflict, return home (PHOTO)
Speaker of Azerbaijani parliament takes part in int’l conference initiated by Turkish parliament, PACE (PHOTO)
Any result that acceptable for Azerbaijan - acceptable for Turkey too, FM says
Volume of paid services in Azerbaijan’s Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic down
Azerbaijan shows aerial footage of Shusha city (VIDEO)
Kazakhstan eyeing to develop information system for accounting of oil and gas condensate
Anglo Asian Mining's production of precious metals in Azerbaijan may decrease
Uzbekistan eyes to increase share of renewable energy sources by 2030
Airbus CEO says industry might need until 2025 to reach pre-crisis levels
Parliament's plan to increase subsides - costly for Iranian government
Ukrainian companies enter Uzbek commodity exchange
National Bank of Georgia reveals data on losses of commercial banks
Import of sugar and confectionery by Azerbaijan down
Demand for Turkish electrical goods on Kazakh market grows in 10M2020
Azerbaijan confirms 1,259 more COVID-19 recoveries
Bahar Azadi gold coin price again falling in Iran
Azerbaijan discloses data on destroyed houses in liberated Fuzuli district
Baku Media Center prepares video covering Armenian vandalism on occupied territories of Azerbaijan (VIDEO)
Russian president hopes for participation of int’l organizations in Karabakh conflict settlement
Power abuse by major states prevents resolving conflicts - Russian FM
Uzbek-Korean JV to buy electrical products via tender
Turkmenistan offers business opportunities for Switzerland in number of fields
North-South Corridor - on Iran's agenda - Minister of Roads and Urban Development of Iran
Turkish, Russian military personnel to jointly patrol in Nagorno-Karabakh - Turkish MoD
Azerbaijan shows footage from Abdal, Gulabli villages of Aghdam district (VIDEO)
Egyptian air operator enters Uzbek market
Uzbekistan to introduce changes to electricity payments in 2021
Iran assigns more funds to complete unfinished projects
All news