Karabakh may become most profitable region of Azerbaijan - Russian analyst (Interview)

Karabakh may become most profitable region of Azerbaijan - Russian analyst (Interview)

BAKU, Azerbaijan, Jan.2

By Jani Babayeva - Trend:

Russian historian, political analyst, professor Oleg Kuznetsov spoke to Trend regarding the role of liberation of Azerbaijan’s ancestral lands by the Azerbaijani army in the Second Karabakh war, which lasted 44 days.

Under the leadership of the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, President Ilham Aliyev, Azerbaijan liberated its lands from Armenian occupation.

- In your opinion, what is the significance of Azerbaijan's victory in the Second Karabakh War for the development of the country and expanding of its cooperation with other countries?

- I think that the victory in the war with Armenia is primarily important for Azerbaijan as a powerful factor in civil mobilization. Today, hundreds of thousands of Azerbaijanis are ready to invest to restore their ancestral villages in the territories liberated from the occupation, to bring foreign investments to Azerbaijan in order to revive the lands previously seized and ravaged by the Armenians.

From November 18 to December 23, I had visited in Azerbaijan, went to Karabakh, and eye-witnessed all that abomination of desolation when entire cities were dismantled for building materials that were sold to Iran. I’m more than sure that half of the new buildings in the northern provinces of Iran are made of Azerbaijani-made sawn stone and provided with Azerbaijani-made windows, window sills, doors, pipes, water heaters and even furniture.

In Moscow and other cities of Russia, I often have to talk with Russian businessmen who are refugees from Aghdam, Fuzuli and other formerly occupied Azerbaijani districts, whose business has a multimillion turnover both in rubles and US dollars and all of them are ready to rebuild at least their parental home and entire villages, asking me to discuss possibility of realizing such plans with the Azerbaijani authorities. The victory over Armenia provoked the readiness of a significant inflow of foreign investments from the Azerbaijani diaspora and its business partners from all over the world.

The second most important result of the victory in the war with Armenia is the consolidation of civil society in your country. After November 10, 2020, it has become trendy to be a citizen of Azerbaijan, and not an Azerbaijani as such. The important is the spirit of personal political belonging to the victorious country rather than ethnic identification, and I’m more than sure that most of those Azerbaijani citizens who planned to emigrate in search of a better socio-economic life now will decide to link their lives with their historical homeland in order to work for its development and prosperity.

The victory in the war will reduce the outflow of human resources and capital from Azerbaijan, since domestic investments will clearly be more attractive for the country's citizens than foreign ones, and this will be conditioned not only by the expectation of economic benefits, but also by the feelings of patriotism and citizenship, which are now very strong among the population of Azerbaijan.

- what potential you think the liberated territories of Azerbaijan have?

- Unfortunately, I’m not an economist, to professionally answer this question. I only get information about this from the media and personal communication with the residents of Karabakh who were forced to leave their homes 30 years ago. I’m aware of the high agricultural potential of Karabakh in the spheres of gardening, viticulture, plant growing, and animal husbandry. Agriculture is the sector of the economy that can be restored with a minimum of investment in the shortest possible time - from three to five years. It’s said that through Karabakh, in 5 years Azerbaijan will be able to double and in 10 years - triple the export of agricultural products to Russia,.

I also know that Karabakh is rich in ore minerals - gold, cobalt, copper, manganese, which can become a raw material basis for the development of non-ferrous metallurgy and the production of microelectronics in Azerbaijan. Of course, the technological basis for the extraction of most of the minerals has been disrupted, which will require expensive reconstruction, but the investments will be justified because after the restoration of the mining industry, a chain of new industries - metallurgy, electricity, mechanical engineering will be formed.

I also heard about the presence of oil and gas fields in Karabakh, although not as large in volume as in the Caspian Sea, but quite sufficient to meet local needs. This factor will significantly reduce the production costs of the Karabakh products themselves and, consequently, their prime cost. Therefore Karabakh can become the most profitable region of Azerbaijan. The restoration of railway communication through Karabakh will allow developing the transport and logistics component of the economy of the entire South Caucasus, launching new mechanisms of international economic integration.

- Multiculturalism in our country has deep historical roots.How do you think the policy of multiculturalism helps Azerbaijan in development of foreign policy relations?

- Multiculturalism as the pivotal basis of the official state Azerbaijani ideology arose and formed in the conditions of an active military-political confrontation with Armenia, the state ideology of which is militant nationalism, mixed with the ideas and ideologems of the Nazi Garegin Nzhdeh. I’m personally well acquainted with the rector of the Azerbaijan University of Languages ​​Kamal Abdullayev, former state adviser on multiculturalism, who began to promote his ideology first into power and then into society in order to fill the vacuum that happened after the First Karabakh War. I did my best to help him in this matter, reporting on events and ideas in the world scientific life in this area, therefore I witnessed how the generally abstract theory of multiculturalism eventually turned into the practice of the political life of Azerbaijan, organically fitting into it.

For the mentality of the Azerbaijani society, multiculturalism was not something artificially introduced from the outside and imposed through the systems of state propaganda. Its ideology fully met the spirit and historical tradition of the Azerbaijani people, which is why it “took root” so well on the “Azerbaijani national soil”.

After gaining independence, Azerbaijan experienced two powerful streams of cultural influence - the Turkic Islamic tradition and its traditional European influence through the Russian-speaking and English-speaking cultures. The peculiarity of the Azerbaijani, to be even more specifically, the Baku society was that since the oil boom in the mid-1800s and the construction of a railway to Iran through Azerbaijan, your country has been a crossroads of cultures and civilizations for nearly 200 years, for which multiculturalism is a natural state, an integral part of the national mentality, that opens up the widest possibilities for Azerbaijan’s representation in the international arena.

We know very well that the Baku International Humanitarian Forum and the Forum of Culture Ministers of Christian and Muslim Countries are traditionally held in your country under the auspices of UNESCO and ISESCO, as a result of which Azerbaijan has a reputation with a democratic political regime in the system of international relations. Two weeks ago the US included Azerbaijan in the list of countries where freedom of conscience and religion is really present. So multiculturalism is a real instrument of your country's international politics.

Turkey registers 6 818 new COVID-19 cases
Turkey registers 6 818 new COVID-19 cases
Istanbul International Airport declared to be busiest airport in 2020
Istanbul International Airport declared to be busiest airport in 2020
Turkey ratifies free trade agreement with Azerbaijan
Turkey ratifies free trade agreement with Azerbaijan
Loading Bars
Latest
Qatar's foreign minister wants Gulf Arab nations to talk with Iran
US introduces sanctions against companies and ships due to trading Venezuelan oil
Shopping malls and fairs staff to be Covid-tested regularly
East Kazakhstan plans to vaccinate 20% of its population
Azerbaijan commemorates 31st anniversary of January 20 tragedy
Azerbaijan discloses foreign trade turnover volume
Investors pump $125 million into EV charging startup Volta
President Ilham Aliyev makes Facebook post on anniversary of 20 January tragedy (PHOTO)
Turkey registers 6 818 new COVID-19 cases
Georgia starts developing US-Georgia economic cooperation plan
Iranian Energy Exchange announces products to be on sale on January 20
International Bank of Azerbaijan's net profit declines in 2020
Kazakhstan increases imports from Sweden year-on-year
We propose to declare Shusha cultural capital of Turkic world in 2022 - SecGen of Turkic Council
Liberation of Azerbaijani lands is not just victory for Azerbaijan, it is great victory for entire Turkic world - Turkic Council SecGen
Moral and political support in such difficult time means a lot for our people - President Aliyev
Brussels targets vaccinating at least 70% of EU adults by summer
Shusha will see many international events - President Ilham Aliyev
I think that we will all see revived cities in near future - President of Azerbaijan
Turkic Council is organization that supported us most during war - President of Azerbaijan
We must protect our land and rely only on our own strength - President of Azerbaijan
20th century has not seen such barbarism, vandalism and destruction, deliberate destruction of cities, villages - President Aliyev
Foreign journalists called Aghdam “Hiroshima of Caucasus” - President Aliyev
Azerbaijani Finance Ministry’s securities in great demand at Baku Stock Exchange
Pomegranate orchards to be planted in Azerbaijan's liberated lands
Vatican responds to appeal of CMO chairman on Nagorno-Karabakh
Soviet leadership tried to break will of Azerbaijani people by sending troops to Baku in 1990 - MP (VIDEO)
Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan sign roadmap to intensify co-op in several spheres
Azerbaijan lists documents needed for visa-free entry for Turkish citizens
Azerbaijan shows footage from Chopurlu village of Kalbajar district (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Russia sends additional equipment to Azerbaijan for demining liberated lands (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Azerbaijan to assess possibilities for dev't of agrarian sector in its liberated lands
Azerbaijan, UAE to ink final agreements on solar energy projects
Azerbaijan’s Baku executive power opens tender to buy spare parts for trucks
Georgia to approve national vaccination plan
MasterCard company seeks to facilitate use of modern payment technologies in Georgia
Uzbekistan’s fuel export to Tajikistan increases in 2020
Bahar Azadi gold coin price rebounds in Iran
Azerbaijan develops program for recycling old cars
TOP-5 trade partners of Azerbaijan in 2020
Azerbaijani ministry highlights work to expand countrywide Internet traffic
Economy Ministry talks main reasons for surge in Georgian Railway's expenditures
State share of Uzbekistan’s enterprise on production of asphalt concrete mixtures sold via electronic auction
Kazakhstan multifold decreases export of petroleum oils to Italy amid COVID-19
Meeting with German experts held in Ministry of Healthcare and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan
International Bank of Azerbaijan unveils 2020 total liabilities
Azerbaijan presents innovative solution in field of entrepreneurship
Israeli pensioners party after COVID-19 booster shots
Turkmenistan’s expanded clay plant names production volume for 2020
Azerbaijani ministry discusses damage to Kalbajar's flora caused by Armenia (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Azerbaijan talks COVID-19 vaccination document for traveling abroad
Istanbul International Airport declared to be busiest airport in 2020
New solar panel station launched in Iran's Yazd Province
IEA forecasts Azerbaijan’s 2021 oil output
HSBC to axe 82 branches in UK, cut services in others
Iran progresses with gas production, distribution
French media reported second Karabakh War only from Armenia's viewpoint - famous photojournalist (PHOTO)
Iran's budget plan aims to solve problems of low-income households
Kazakhstan's 2020 coal extraction volume exceeds plan
Netherlands slightly increase petroleum oil exports volume from Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan’s coal production significantly increases in 2020
Gold price down in Azerbaijan
Armenia's revanchist statements against Azerbaijan threaten primarily its people - Ukrainian expert
Azerbaijan discloses timeframe for commissioning Victory Road to Shusha city (PHOTO)
Georgia reveals revenues from tourism in 2020
Uzbekistan considers measures for expanding industrial products export
Georgian Adjara boosts tangerine exports as subsidy program continues
IEA talks Kazakhstan's OPEC+ deal compliance says oil production remains unchanged
Azerbaijan confirms 949 more COVID-19 recoveries
Azerbaijan's contribution allows reducing greenhouse gas emissions - minister
Azerbaijan ranks with top CIS countries having least public, foreign debts in 2020
Share of Chinese goods in Azerbaijan's total imports grows markedly
Azerbaijan bans import of plastic bags, disposable tableware
Iran reveals COVID-19 data for January 19
Uzbekistan's MFA talks co-op plans with Turkmenistan for 2021
Trade remains main target of Georgian commercial banks for financing
Kazakhstan expands list of activities for several special economic zones
Azerbaijani transport agency's chief sums up activities in 2020
Director of Azerbaijani IT company talks partnership with Slack company
Baku Higher Oil School to host webinar on ‘Natural Resources of Karabakh’
IEA assesses Azerbaijan’s compliance with OPEC+ deal
Azerbaijan ready for co-operation with Iranian companies
Azerbaijan expanding railway co-op with Iran
New copper and gold field discovered in Azerbaijan
Almost 90% see market bubbles in Deutsche Bank investor survey
Uzbek MFA names latest data of trade turnover with Turkmenistan
Boeing 737 MAX to get EU flight clearance next week
How much Azerbaijan's population spend on automobile fuel in 2020?
President Aliyev receives Secretary-General of Cooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States in video format (PHOTO)
Kazakhstan reports annual increase in production of gold, zinc ore
Uzbek-Korean JV extends tender for purchase of hydraulic ejector
Azerbaijani president expresses condolences to Indonesian counterpart
Turkmen company starts export of environmentally friendly building materials
Kazakhstan’s freight transportation operator opens tender to buy fuel
Azerbaijan's Economy Ministry unveils volume of sold products in industrial parks
Iran's trade turnover with India shrinks
Charter, structure of Azerbaijan's Karabakh Revival Fund approved - decree
Azerbaijani company talks restoration of water supply sources to Shusha (Exclusive)
Chaos as snow hits Japanese highway, 134 cars in crashes
UK health secretary Hancock says self-isolating until Sunday
All news