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Foreign trade of Azerbaijan (January-November 2010)

Analysis Materials 8 January 2011 11:09

In January-November 2010, Azerbaijan's foreign trade turnover with 145 countries comprised $25.115 billion. The amount of export increased by 47.36% as compared to last year and comprised $19.403bln, while import increased 4.80%, totaling $5.711bln. Azerbaijan exported 2,063 types of goods and imported 5,922. During the reported period, the indicator of export exceeded the indicator of import and thus, the black ink of import-export operations amounted to $13.692bln. 

In January-November 2010, the highest level of export fell on June - $2068.4mln and the lowest on March - $1287.9mln. As to import operations the highest level of import was observed in May ($642.7mln) and the lowest in February ($345.3mln).

In January to November 2010, increase was recorded in all types of exported products of the country, except vegetable, fruits, aluminum and cotton. However, the decrease in exports of aluminum is not associated with a reduction in the production of aluminum in the country, but vice-versa, the production of this product has grown and will grow each year thanks to a loan from the Central Bank of Azerbaijan for development of aluminum industry. Aluminium has a high export potential and reduction resulted from the fact that during the global crisis, the purchasing capacity in importing countries has decreased.

And the reason of the decline of exports of fruits and vegetables was natural disasters that have occurred in the regions of Azerbaijan this year because of the floods in the Kur and Araz rivers, which affected 40 districts of Azerbaijan, causing significant damage to crops of fruit.

In November 2010 Azerbaijan has cut exports of cotton by 4.4 times compared to October. In January-November, exports of cotton amounted to 15.91 percent compared to exports in January-November 2009, and revenues from its exports fell by 86.2 percent. In January-November was exported 2,286.8 tons of cotton, accounting for 0.01 percent of total exports.

Structure of export in January-November 2010

Product

Percentage in export (%)

As compared to 2009, in %

Crude oil

86,69

157,20

Oil products

6,05

86,18

Aluminum

0,01

22,06

Fruits and vegetables

0,68

76,59

Ferrous metal and wares of them

0,51

97,25

Chemical products 

0,21

140,44

Cotton

0,01

15,91

Alcohol and alcohol free drinks

0,07

136,35

Tobacco and tobacco products

0,03

121,90

Others

4,90

Source: State Statistics Committee

In this period the highest amount of export fell on Italy. Thus, in 2010 Azerbaijan exported commodities to Italy totaling $6.200bln which makes up 31.95% of total exports. Mainly oil and oil products are exported to this country. Italy is followed by France ($1.750bln) and Israel ($1.696bln). Italy has maintained its leading position since 2008 excluding early three months. Turkey took a lead in January and U.S. in February and March 2008. 

The share of public sector in exports made up $18.387bln (94.76%), private sector held $900.9mln (4.64%). The share of export operations by physical entities comprised $115.5mln (0.60%).   

Main types of products exported from Azerbaijan,
January-November 2010

Products

January-November 2010

Compared to January- November 2009, in %

Quantity

Cost

(ths. USD)

Tea, ton

6622,4

25300,0

121,4

Vegetable and animal oil, ton

67195,6

161860,3

140,9

Tobacco, ton

1888,5

5091,2

116,6

Cigarettes, mln units

116,1

936,1

56,3

Crude oil, ton

29271304,1

16821572,9

Oil products, ton

2080301,7

1174831,9

Alcohol drinks, liter

8202669,5

12510,0

126,2

Aluminium, ton

3660,7

2575,4

28,5

Ferrous metal, ton

146412,7

67920,7

333,5

Row cotton, ton

2286,8

2620,4

13,8

Source: State Customs Committee

An increase was recorded in imported products in January-November 2010. Strengthening of the national currency, which is observed in Azerbaijan, had a positive effect on imports, that is, imports become cheaper. Buying products in other countries for U.S. dollar and selling them in country for local currency bring additional benefits. Growth in import is recorded on all indicators, except machinery and equipment.

Renewal is observed in import of pharmaceutical products. After the Ministry of Health took measures to identify and prevent the supply of substandard medicines into the country, there was a reduction in imports of these products.

Structure of import in January-November 2010

Product

Percentage in exports (%)

As compared to 2009, in%

Machine and equipment

27,29

81,16

Ferrous metal and wares of them

12,19

137,68

Foodstuffs

14,81

134,17

Consumer goods

0,79

108,34

Transport conveyances and spare parts to it

12,56

102,15

Furniture

0,78

117,23

Forest products

2,47

187,41

Pharmaceutical products

2,32

106,03

Other

26,79

Source: State Statistics Committee

The traditional domination of three countries in import seems to be as: Russia ($992.1mln), Turkey ($667.1mln) and Germany ($491.2mln).  

Some 27.49% of import operations, or $1569.8mln fell on public sector, 67.26% or $3841.6mln - private sector, while 5.25% or $300.1mln - on physical entities.

Main types of products imported into Azerbaijan
January-November 2010

Products

January-November 2010

Compared to January- November 2009, in %

Quantity

Cost

(ths. USD)

Meat, ton

16954,0

15937,5

105,1

Flour, ton

6691,1

1694,3

20,4

Butter, ton, including.

107829,6

108248,0

118,8

Vegetable oil, ton

97742,8

83024,5

Butter, ton

10086,8

25223,5

Tea, ton

7278,6

15550,7

107,9

Grain, ton

1198120,0

249197,1

142,3

Sugar, ton

315912,0

157665,2

112,8

Alcohol drinks, liter

4609675,2

8459,6

73,9

Tobacco, ton

2149,1

6455,7

99,2

Cigarettes, mln units

10057,7

198744,9

98,8

Ferrous metal, ton

405298,2

199150,5

81,7

Oil products, ton

39705,0

60042,4

Cars, units  

26068

245569,1

102,3

 

Source: State Customs Committee

In total, 7,241 legal entities (3,533) and physical entities (3,708) participated in the foreign trade operations.

In January-November 2010, Azerbaijan imported goods amounting to $1793.8mln (31.41% out of the total volume of the country's import) from the CIS countries. CIS exported to Azerbaijan grains (14.95%), ferrous metal (9.54%), equipment and mechanical rigs (11.05%).  

Amount of the Azerbaijani goods exported to CIS countries totaled $1815.5mln (9.36% out of the total volume of the country's export). Azerbaijan exported to CIS fuel, oil products, bitumen minerals (58.81%), fruits (4.43%), animal and vegetable oil (8.28%) and other.

The black ink in import-export operations with CIS countries totaled $21.06mln.

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