Baku, Azerbaijan, August 3
By Dalga Khatinoglu - Trend:
A senior nuclear expert says the compromises were inevitable for reaching Iran nuclear deal, but the deal is far from perfect.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani announced on August 2, during a live TV speech that both Iran and the West gained from nuclear talks and reached a win-win deal.
Mark Hibbs, a senior associate in Carnegie's Nuclear Policy Program, based in Berlin told Trend on August 3 that this was a complex negotiation, compromises were inevitable for it to come about. "The deal is far from perfect. There are ambiguities about how the process will unfold. For the experts, there are lots and lots of questions about how it will be implemented and what happens if there are difficulties along the way. But if the agreement is implemented in good faith, we can gain considerable confidence that Iran's nuclear program will be stabilized and restrained for ten to fifteen years. It will be up to Iran, the United States, and the European Union to use those 15 years wisely to achieve more lasting confidence and security. If so, we get win-win".
Less than three weeks after achieving a comprehensive nuclear deal, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) has been snagged for approval by lawmakers of both American Republicans as well as Iran's hardliners.
Rouhani said that what has been gained through the nuclear deal is far greater than what was expected two years ago when he set out for the nuclear talks.
Iran and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) also reached an agreement to cooperate together around the UN body's questions.
While ignoring the objections of both Iran and U.S. lawmakers, the implementation of nuclear agreement depends on verification of Iran's nuclear program by the IAEA.
The restrictions over Iran's nuclear program will continue from 8 to 15 years.
"Aside from reasoned skepticism about the fine print of the agreement, both Rouhani and Barak Obama face programmatic opposition from ideologues and political adversaries who want to reap benefits from polarizing the debate about this deal. Both Rouhani and Obama are wrestling with this in real time", Hibbs said.
According to him, right from the beginning of implementation there will be challenges and risks.
Hibbs added that within five months Iran and the IAEA have to resolve allegations about so-called "possible military dimensions" (PMD) of Iran's nuclear program.
" Iran and the IAEA must satisfy the P5+1, the IAEA's Board of Governors, the U.N. Security Council, and, indeed, world opinion. If they don't resolve this issue by the end of the year, the deal doesn't make clear how they will go forward, and political will on both sides may be damaged", he said.