U.S unlikely to impact on January elections in Iraq

U.S unlikely to impact on January elections in Iraq

Azerbaijan, Baku, October 21 / Trend U. Sadikhova /

Washington is unlikely to influence the upcoming January elections in Iraq. According to experts, the elections will face with differences between Shiite parliamentary bloc and Baghdad's current government backed by Sunni political parties.

"The U.S will play an observer role. Washington can only influence so much," Director, Research and Development INEGMA- institute for near east and gulf military analysis, Theodore Karasik, told Trend via e-mail.

On Monday U.S Deputy President Joe Biden called for the Iraqi government to hold transparent elections, BBC Arabic's website reported

The White House officially said that Biden advised the Iraqi Council of Representatives to approve the law on elections rapidly.

During his visit to Baghdad last month, he said that the upcoming parliamentary elections in Iraq in January will be crucial for future of this country.

Adviser to the Vice-President of Iraq, Khalil al-Azravi, thinks that Biden's appeal to hold transparent elections is wel-grounded.

"There were many violations during last elections. We called for the EU, UN and Arab League to send a special commission to monitor transparency of the elections," al-Azravi told Trend over phone from Iraq.

He said that Biden's appeal reflects requirements of the law and Iraqi people

Experts think that that the current government of Nouri al-Maliki will face problems with the upcoming elections, including the coalition split between Shiites and al-Maliki's party, supported by the Sunni majority.

In late August, leading Shiite parties of Iraq, including the Supreme Iraqi Islamic Council and the anti-American bloc headed by the biggest Shiite leader Muqtada al-Sadr to participate in the elections, have created the "Iraqi National Coalition", without including the Islamic Ad-Daawa party, headed by the Prime Minister Al-Maliki

Al-Maliki thinks that new Shiite coalition will not be able to draw major Sunni and Kurdish parties. He does not rule out the possibility to unite with the Sunni parties to participate in January elections, Xinhua News Agency reported.

"There was a tendency for al-Maliki and others to be supported by secular voters in Iraq during the lections in 2005. The question will that happen again (during elections in January)," analyst on security in the Gulf countries, Karasik said.  

Other analyst on Iraqi policy Amatzia Baram said that Biden's statement demonstrates the U.S willingness to hold elections in Iraq on the basis of voting through open lists, as al-Maliki's allies want.

"If the elections are held through close lists (voting for a party, but not separate candidates), the Shia coalition will win and al-Maliki is no longer member of the Shia coalition," professor in the Department of the History of the Middle East and former member of the U.S Institute of Peace on Iraqi Program, Baram told Trend over phone. 

Voting through open lists in which a candidate but not a party is represented gives al-Maliki more chances for victory as he can included names of candidates from several parties," Baram said.

Al-Azravi said that the problem of Sunnis and Shiites in Iraq is a political problem, but not public one.

"There is no problem between Sunni and Shiite communities in Iraq. There are problems between political parties", he said.

The U.S.A. can offer Baghdad economic or military aid in return for the elections to be held on the basis of open lists. But they fail to openly declare about it, Baram said.

"It can be taken as open interference in Iraqi internal affairs. Iraq does not welcome it," Baram said.

Analysts said that the Iraqi elections are important for the U.S.A., given the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq by late 2011.

The first part of the withdrawal, according to Barack Obama's plan, will be completed in 2010.

Further events after Iraqi elections remain a key question, Karasik said. 

The issue is for the USA not to allow a fiasco like we they seeing in Afghanistan, Karasik said. 

Baram said that even if the U.S.A. can not now change the course of domestic policy in Iraq, U.S economic and diplomatic support will remain principal for Baghdad, even after withdrawal of U.S contingent in 2011.

U.S Diplomatic support can assist Iraq in establishing relations with the Arab Gulf countries, particularly Kuwait, as well as in relations with Turkey, Baram said.

Do you have any feedback? Contact our journalist at [email protected]

Kazakhstan-Israel trade plummets y-o-y
Kazakhstan-Israel trade plummets y-o-y
ACG oil transshipment from Ceyhan terminal exceeds 70 mb YTD
ACG oil transshipment from Ceyhan terminal exceeds 70 mb YTD
Bank of Israel cuts government bond purchases
Bank of Israel cuts government bond purchases
Loading Bars
First Vice President of Azerbaijan shares publication on occasion of 98th anniversary of birth of National Leader Heydar Aliyev
President Ilham Aliyev attends inauguration of Julfa-Ordubad highway
Uzbekistan’s 1Q2021 tomatoes export revealed
Kazakhstan-Israel trade plummets y-o-y
Weekly review of Azerbaijani currency market
ACG oil transshipment from Ceyhan terminal exceeds 70 mb YTD
EBRD, EIB, Proparco to fund construction of solar power plant in Uzbekistan’s Samarkand
President Ilham Aliyev attends opening of Artificial Insemination Center in Nakhchivan
Azerbaijan creating 'green' energy zone in liberated Karabakh
President Ilham Aliyev attends opening of Nakhchivan Garrison Central Hospital
President Ilham Aliyev attended inauguration of Nakhchivan branch of “Azerkhalcha” OJSC
Weekly review of Azerbaijani oil market
Bank of Israel cuts government bond purchases
President Ilham Aliyev viewed construction of “ASAN xidmət” Center in Nakhchivan
Turkey's 4M2021 steel exports to Turkmenistan shrink
Armenian Parliament to reconsider issue of electing new prime minister
Iran increases sturgeon farming
World's largest cargo plane with UK Covid aid takes off for India
President Ilham Aliyev visits statue of national leader Heydar Aliyev in Nakhchivan
India to recruit 400 retired medical officers of AMC, SSC; Defence Ministry issues orders
Iran eyes to expand ties Turkmenistan
Indian-Led Ground-Breaking Cancer Test Hopes To Launch This Year
President Aliyev attends opening of military aerodrome of Special Combined Arms Army
Iran to renovate public transport fleet
Iranian water and electricity companies to enter EAEU market
Artists of Int'l Arts Festival create 'Kharybulbul' model in Azerbaijan's liberated lands (PHOTO)
Indian and Indonesian navies carry out military drill in southern Arabian Sea
President Aliyev attends presentation of new runway at Nakhchivan International Airport
Iran continues investments for dev't of postal network
Iran, Serbia to expand ties by preferential trade agreement
Iran to inaugurate new national housing units
Iran's NIGTC announces tender for intelligent pipes
Iran to return to its full oil production capacity by early 2023, says JP Morgan
India, EU hold virtual summit to boost overall ties
Stand Firmly With India In This Challenging Time: European Commission Chief
JP Morgan expects global oil demand to surge over summer
President Ilham Aliyev arrives in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic for visit
UK PM Johnson to announce next phase of COVID lockdown easing
Over 170 million Covid-19 vaccine doses administered so far, says Indian government
Covid-19: Abu Dhabi temple's medical supplies, oxygen reach India
Iran allocates funds for flood control projects
Iranian currency rates for May 10
Uzbekistan reveals COVID-19 data for May 10
Iran's main Stock Exchange sees decline
Azerbaijani president, first lady Mehriban Aliyeva visit tomb of national leader Heydar Aliyev (PHOTO)
Ford recalls 661,000 Explorer SUVs in North America
Los Angeles-made film highlights Azerbaijan’s role in defeating Nazi Germany
Bahar Azadi gold coin price increase in Iran
Iran's NIDC to start exploration excavations in Ardabil Province
Iran to launch number of facilities in free trade, special economic zones
Investments in mining sector of Iran's Zanjan Province increase
Iran's Amir-Kabir Petrochemical Company sees increase in sales
Iran to restore several mines in Qom Province
Perpetuation of fascist ideology by Armenia - catastrophic for whole world - Israeli expert
Iran shares data on exports from Semnan Province
Iran discloses number of cars supplied with dual fuel free of charge
Likelihood of interest rate decrease in Azerbaijan seems very low – Unicapital
Foundation of apartments to be laid in Iran's Yazd Province
Eleven people killed in bombing of bus in Southern Afghanistan - officials
Fauci says U.S. COVID-19 death toll undercounted
Heydar Aliyev is a man who gave wings to Azerbaijan in most difficult conditions - Yuli Gusman
Vaccination of citizens over 18 starts in Azerbaijan
Poll shows 60% of Japanese want Games cancelled
Ministry discloses number of ships received by big port in southern Turkey in 1Q2021
Brazil reports 1,024 more deaths from COVID-19
UN Security Council to discuss East Jerusalem tensions on Monday
Gaza militants fire 2 rockets at southern Israel: military
Saudi Arabia to hold Hajj ritual under COVID-19 measures
Hamilton overtakes Verstappen to win F1 Spanish GP
UK records another 1,770 coronavirus cases, 2 deaths
EU has not ordered AstraZeneca vaccines beyond June - Commissioner
Russian FM to visit Azerbaijan
Emirates to fly medical aid to India for free
WHO records over 786,000 new daily cases of COVID-19 worldwide
Azerbaijan marks 98th birthday anniversary of National Leader Heydar Aliyev
Kazakhstan becomes main importer of Uzbek cars
Iran, India discuss expansion of trade relations
Turkey's COVID-19 cases maintain downward trend amid lockdown
Georgian NCDC Deputy Head hopes for better epidsituation in summer if cases do not surge in May
Enmity with Turks is catastrophe not only for Armenia, but for entire region - Pashinyan
Lukashenko, Putin agree to meet soon
President Ilham Aliyev makes Facebook post on 98th anniversary of national leader Heydar Aliyev (PHOTO)
Egypt to start producing Chinese Sinovac coronavirus vaccine in June: Health minister
South Sudan president dissolves parliament in line with peace deal
Israeli gov't approves aid plan for leading airlines
Belarus president signs decree on transition of powers in case of emergency
Progress achieved under Azerbaijan’s national leader Heydar Aliyev paved way for liberation of occupied lands in 2020 – Sobhani
Sunflower imports down in Georgia
Kyrgyz FM to visit China
Expert consultations continue in Vienna between Iran
New COVID-19 cases in Turkey lowest since March
Israeli gov't approves aid plan for leading airlines
Iran's Energy Exchange announces products to be on sale on May 10
Turkey discloses number of ships received by Zonguldak port in 1Q2021
National Gymnastics Arena in Baku has best conditions - Сoach of Egyptian team
Emotions after competition are positive - bronze medalists of World Cup in Baku, Azerbaijani team
Azerbaijan Army holds several events on occasion of 76th anniversary of Victory (PHOTO)
Uzbekistan increases export of textile products
Georgian President to visit North Macedonia on May 10
MasterCard intends to work with Turkmenistan to improve level of electronic payments
All news