Baku, Azerbaijan, May 16
By Emil Ilgar – Trend:
After reducing the gas flaring at first five refineries of the South Pars field from about 3 billion cubic meters per year (bcm/y) in 2012 to below 0.4 bcm/y in 2016, Iran cut the flaring at the first refinery for the first time, National Iranian Gas Company reported May 16.
Currently 10 refineries of South Pars are active, of which refineries 6-10 are new with about 3 bcm/d of gas flaring.
But the refineries from 1 to 5 were commenced last decade and Iran has decreased gas flaring during the last several years.
*The flaring amount of South Pars’ 8 refineries (bcm/yr)
Iran plans to bring the flaring amount of all refineries to zero in the next five years.
The amount of total flaring in Iran is about 11.6 bcm/y, mostly from burning associated gas in the oil sector.
According to a document, prepared by Iran’s Oil Ministry, the total amount of CO2 emissions in Iran stands at about 602 million tons per year, of which the share of refineries is about 2 percent.
Iran burns about a third of its associated gas in platforms and refineries and some 3.5 bcm/y of gas is bunt in refineries, especially the newly commenced refineries of South Pars.