Investing in education or opportunity to earn through intellect

The countries worldwide, including Azerbaijan, have entered an epoch when most of society's wealth is created outside material production. The importance and value of intellectual work have repeatedly increased, the level of population's education becomes a prerequisite in achieving high results of socio-economic development of countries. The way out of the crisis, which covered the world economy, can only be one - bet on knowledge, more precisely - economy of knowledge.

For several years, Azerbaijan has been pursuing a policy aimed at creating an effective education system that corresponds to the requirements of the global information and innovative society and giving everyone the opportunity to fully participate in it. Financial, material and human resources provided for the development of education in Azerbaijan for the years of its independence are comparable to the costs for these purposes in the developed countries.

Expenditure on education in Azerbaijan is the hugest after expenses on the army. The 2009 Public budget Azerbaijan provided 1.2 billion manat or about 180 million (10 percent) more than last year. With this, the country increases the share of education in country's GDP and raise this figure to the level of developed countries, where public education makes up 4.6 percent of GDP.

In addition, construction of schools rapidly continues in Azerbaijan. About 1,200 new schools were built, hundreds of old school were renovated over the last four years. According to the Education Ministry of Azerbaijan, only in 2010, construction of 49 schools for 17,434 seats and 10 additional academic buildings for 1,418 seats was completed, major repairs were carried out at seven schools, two vocational high schools, three kindergartens, orphanages, and current repair at 356 secondary schools and nine vocational high schools, 52 kindergartens, orphanages and five out-of-school educational institutions.

Thus, in UNESCO's rating at the beginning of the year, Azerbaijan has shown quite impressive leap up on the index of educational development in 128 countries. As a result of monitoring in the field of education according to parameters such as primary education, literacy rate, gender index and education quality, the country ranked 30th. This is one of the highest places among the post-Soviet countries when a year ago Azerbaijan ranked 58th for the same parameters.

In addition, the UNESCO 2010 Education for All Global Monitoring Report says that Azerbaijan is amongst the countries that have achieved the goals of EFA, i.e. the index of EFA (Education for All) has risen by 3 percent over Azerbaijan. According to the report, Azerbaijan could also increase the number of children receiving universal primary education, while in some countries such as Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, the figure declined by 5 percent.

Thus, according to the data provided by the Ministry of Education of Azerbaijan, on Sept. 15, 2010, 120,844 pupils will go to the first form. For comparison: in 2009-2010, 118,581 pupils went to the first form. In general, 1,359,900 pupils will go to 4,546 schools in Azerbaijan in 2010-2011 academic year.

However, along with advances, a lot of criticism and discontent with domestic schools remain in the society. People complain about illegal levies at schools and the poor quality of education. The Union of Free Teachers believes that the problems and shortcomings in Azerbaijan today are connected with the lack of a healthy teaching environment at schools. The education system is inseparable from society, it is part of it, and the available evils in society are always present at schools as well. The atmosphere in Azerbaijani education has been poisoned with the corruption, money relations, the cause of which is still low wage of the teaching staff, despite the periodical rise.

As compared with the experience of teachers at Estonian schools, where a recent graduate of the Pedagogical University receives a salary of $800 per month - a tenfold difference, in Azerbaijan a young teacher can earn 80-100 manat. In Estonia, a teacher with great pedagogical experience obtains up to $1,400 per month for 12 hours in a week. However, Azerbaijani experienced teachers, with 20 years of experience, working 36 hours per week, receive no more than 200 manat per month. The Union of Free Teachers says that in Azerbaijan there are teachers who work 36 hours per week, but at home prepare cakes for sale, work as a security guard. Naturally, they can not fully relax and get ready for the new labor day at school. Estonia has a very different atmosphere - creativity, love towards profession.

The Government continues to take steps to further strengthen the social protection of the educational institutions and increase public care. The final order by the President of Azerbaijan to increase the salary of employees of educational institutions was signed on September 1, 2010, under which the wages of employees of educational institutions financed from the Public budget (excluding higher educational institutions) were increased by averagely 10 percent.

Since there are many teachers as compared with specialists in other categories, to raise teachers' salaries sharply would not be correct, otherwise the country would face inflation, which would hit the economy. Indeed, there are many teachers at secondary schools in Azerbaijan. According to statistics, their number is twice more than those at law-enforcement agencies. The Ministry discussed the ways to reduce the number of teachers. Proposals were made to reduce the older teachers, sending them to retire, to reduce the teachers did not pass assessment of academic progress.

However, this was not an effective way. The State must reasonably anticipate the needs of young school teachers and accordingly open student places at pedagogical universities. The higher pedagogical education system should be radically reformed - planning should be correct, given jobs at schools in all districts. Currently the schools in the Republic's districts incur shortage of teachers, teachers conduct lessons on 7-8 subjects, but in Baku teachers are more than jobs at urban schools.

Insufficient effectiveness of domestic higher education institutions is largely connected with the lack of connection with the labor market: the universities train a large number of specialists for whom simply there is no demand. Because today higher education institutions do not work for society, do not meet the needs for necessary specialists, but for themselves, try to get more people on the faculties which are in demand of students who most often choose their future profession. As a result, have receiving education, they are provided with uneven work.

Azerbaijan must learn how to earn through the intellect, the intensification of its labor. It needs to continue investing in education, and not only in education, but in training the most decent, intelligent, talented children.

In upward revision, IMF sees Turkey growing at 6% in 2021
In upward revision, IMF sees Turkey growing at 6% in 2021
6.5M more doses from China add pace to Turkey's vaccination drive
6.5M more doses from China add pace to Turkey's vaccination drive
Turkey testing domestic missile from submarine (VIDEO)
Turkey testing domestic missile from submarine (VIDEO)
Loading Bars
Latest
In upward revision, IMF sees Turkey growing at 6% in 2021
Kyrgyzstan's Institute of Business Ombudsman, Economy Ministry sign memorandum of cooperation
Georgian Foreign Minister tests positive for Covid-19
Iran's foreign trade balance hits $59 billion in 10 months
Cities, villages to be established in liberated areas should be based on concept of “smart-city”, “smart-village" - President of Azerbaijan
War has shown many what Azerbaijan's potential is - President Aliyev
Internet in Azerbaijan is free – there is no censorship, no restrictions - President Aliyev
Reforms going on everywhere, reforms are inevitable, country faces new challenges - President of Azerbaijan
Government agencies, ministries and state-owned companies must follow my instructions to end - President Aliyev
We must always build our policy in such way that Azerbaijan's military potential and defense capabilities are always at high level - President Aliyev
We must create conditions for our talented young people to work in Azerbaijan - President Aliyev
When we launched satellites into orbit, some people asked why this was necessary - President Aliyev
Azerbaijan plays central role in region in field of communications and high technologies - President Aliyev
Heydar Aliyev International Airport in Baku is five-star airport - President of Azerbaijan
PACE rejects Armenia’s request on progress of monitoring procedure
We have largest fleet in Caspian Sea - President of Azerbaijan
As result of measures taken, Azerbaijan today is one of world's leading countries in field of transport - President Aliyev
Russia's Charge d'Affaires in Azerbaijan summoned to Azerbaijani MFA
Azerbaijan's Ecology Ministry talks development of entrepreneurship
FAO to start developing agriculture in liberated Azerbaijani lands soon
Demining of Azerbaijan's liberated lands continues (VIDEO)
Russia to directly participate in efforts to unblock economic, transport ties in S. Caucasus - Lavrov
Economy minister discloses share of non-oil sector in Azerbaijan's GDP
Azerbaijan starts preparation work on laying gas lines to liberated lands
Azerbaijan shows footage from Gubadly district's Damirchilar village (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Iran welcomes interaction with Saudi Arabia
Iran can increase oil and gas extraction - National Iranian Oil Company
Bahar Azadi gold coin price continues to fall in Iran
Oxford Institute for Energy Research names ways to improve oil, gas sector in Turkmenistan
Azerbaijani, Turkish FMs discuss regional co-op issues
Bulk of Kazakhstan’s imports of green vegetables falls on Uzbekistan
Georgia sees decline in COVID-19 cases since imposing restrictions
Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan plan to start construction of high-speed railroad
Ukrainian air company returns on Georgia's aviation market
Ministry discloses number of mines neutralized by Azerbaijani, Russian sappers in Karabakh (VIDEO)
Uzbekistan’s GDP per capita down in 2020
Oxford Institute for Energy Research talks options for Turkmen gas sector's development
Uzbekneftegaz reveals number of investment projects on increasing production efficiency
Kazakhstan’s QAZAQ AIR airline launching flights on one more route
Georgian aviation plant working on creation of military drone
Uzbek-Korean JV announces tender for installation and assembly services
GGF deepens its engagement with Georgian financial institutions
Number of passengers using railway transport in Azerbaijan increasing after eased quarantine
Kazakhstan to continue decreasing import dependence in food industry
Azerbaijani business entities modernize digital financial services amid COVID-19 pandemic
Lending to Azerbaijan’s Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic increases
Iranian trucks start cargo transportation to Azerbaijan without transshipment
Azerbaijan confirms 551 more COVID-19 recoveries
Kazakhstan taking targeted measures to enhance investment competitiveness
Iran and Russia sign memorandum of cooperation on cybersecurity
Azerbaijan reveals volume of electricity generation from renewable energy sources in 2020
Russia and Iran open to discuss Karabakh issue
Number of bank accounts in Azerbaijan’s Nakhchivan increased in 2020
Microsoft earnings in spotlight for signs of business recovery, Xbox growth
French engineering company involved in replacing Uzbekistan’s standards in electricity field
UNDP implements new grant program in Georgia
Azerbaijan's former minister of transport appointed to new position - Decree
Company of Turkmenistan’s SC announces volume of oil produced last year
Iran's South Pars gas production increases
Johnson & Johnson promises vaccine data "soon"
Azerbaijan discloses number of servicemen of engineering troops martyred in second Karabakh war
Kazakhstan to continue work on fishing industry development
Iran plans to use domestic ship building capacities
Iranian minister suggests parliament merge Energy and Oil Ministries into one
Azerbaijani delegation to participate in Iran Plast exhibition in Tehran
Clearing of mines, unexploded ordnance continuing in Azerbaijan's liberated Fuzuli district (PHOTO/VİDEO)
Iran's Rouhani opposes any changes to budget bill
"Great Responsibility" At Republic Day Parade: Bangladesh Contingent Chief
Direct air routes between Cambodia, India on the cards
`Vaccine Maitri' helps strengthen bilateral ties with Myanmar, says Indian envoy
COVID-19 vaccine developer CureVac plans five million share sale
EU exec to propose vaccine export registration by end of week
Azerbaijani ministry talks on nanotechnological innovations
Meeting of the Foreign Ministers of Russia and Iran being held
Rates for some excisable goods increasing in Azerbaijan
All tobacco products may be included in list of excisable goods in Azerbaijan
Tax exemptions on wheat imports, sales may be extended in Azerbaijan
Colonel talks restored and built roads in liberated lands of Azerbaijan
FIG cancels holding Artistic Gymnastics World Cup in Azerbaijan’s Baku
Thousands of hectares of cultivatable lands demined in Azerbaijan's liberated districts
Azerbaijani banks buy more foreign currency at CBA's auction
Iran reveals COVID-19 data for January 26
Sale of gold, silver in Azerbaijan may become tax-free
Azerbaijan Airlines increases flights number on Baku-Nakhchivan route
Access Bank eyes creating bank branches in Azerbaijani lands liberated from occupation
Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan discloses revenues from 2020 agricultural export
Azerbaijani Nakhchivan's revenues from communication services rise
President Aliyev receives French Minister of State attached to Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs (PHOTO)
Uzbekistan’s largest flow of tourists falls on Kyrgyzstan
Georgia sees increase in Domestic Producer Price Index for Industrial Products
Armenian Armed Forces blew up bridges, destroyed roads retreating during second Karabakh War
Gold price increases in Azerbaijan
Scientist of UNEC elected expert on world's second largest online economic platform
Iran wants establishment of six-party cooperation union – Zarif
Kazakhstan's Altynalmas gold processing company introduces digital technologies to boost output
Volume of shrimp grown in Iran announced
Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan increases lending to local entrepreneurs in 2020
Project on high grade cement production to be launched in Uzbekistan’s Jizzakh region
President Aliyev receives Rashad Nabiyev in video format on his appointment as Minister of Transport, Communications and High Technologies (PHOTO)
Iran claims its COVID-19 vaccine responds with 'good results, without side effects'
All news