Iran nuclear deal could face failure by UN watchdog resolution - official

Business Materials 3 June 2022 15:54 (UTC +04:00)
Iran nuclear deal could face failure by UN watchdog resolution - official

TEHRAN, Iran, June 3. The possible anti-Iranian resolution in the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency could lead to failure in the nuclear deal, the former member of the National Security Commission Heshmatollah Falahatpisheh told Trend.

"It has been predicted for the past three months that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) will have this fate, from the time that Iran and the US left their common grounds and highlighted their disagreements the failure was expected," he said.

Falahatpisheh pointed out the consequences of the resolution against Iran adding that the Iranian government's economic austerity policy shows that it has been decided to prepare the country for losing the deal although the following policies will not fulfill the country's benefits.

He stressed that in the current situation the Supreme National Security Council should not lose the opportunities, and the zero-sum game is harming the country that is under sanctions.

Falahatpishe expressed concern over economic sanctions against Iran indicating that in the new situation Iran would lose its oil markets to Russia and will be limited.

The United States, France, Britain and Germany are pushing for the U.N. nuclear watchdog's Board of Governors to rebuke Iran for failing to answer longstanding questions on uranium traces at undeclared sites. The resolution draft has yet to be formally submitted for the meeting which starts on Monday.

In January 2016, JCPOA was launched between Iran and the P5+1 group (US, Russia, China, UK, France, and Germany) in connection with Iran's nuclear program. In May 2018, the US announced its withdrawal from the deal and imposed sanctions on Iran in November of the same year.

To preserve the agreements reached as part of the JCPOA, the European signatories of the deal started in January 2019 that a financial mechanism for maintaining trade with Iran called INSTEX was formed.

On May 8, 2019, Iran announced that it had ceased fulfilling its commitments regarding the sale of over 300 kilograms of uranium, as stated in the deal, basing its decision on the other signatories that have not fulfilled their obligations. On July 7, Iran announced that it will not be fulfilling its commitments regarding the enrichment of uranium at 3.67 percent and the reconstruction of the Arak Heavy Water Reactor Facility as stated in the deal.

Iran announced that it will enrich uranium using next-generation centrifuges and will not mix it with the enriched uranium residues as part of the third step of reducing commitments in JCPOA on Sept.5.

On Nov. 5, 2019, Iran announced that it took the fourth step in connection with reducing its commitments to the nuclear agreement. So, uranium gas is being pumped to the centrifuges at the Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant. On Jan.2020, Iran took the last fifth step in reducing the number of its commitments within JCPOA.

As reported, in late 2020, the Iranian parliament has decided to implement a strategic plan to tackle the sanctions, citing the non-implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) signed between Iran and six countries and the imposition of sanctions on Iran. According to the decision of the Iranian parliament, as of February 23, Iran suspended the implementation of additional steps and an additional protocol provided for in the nuclear deal.

The US imposed new sanctions on Iran in November 2018. Over the past period, the sanctions affected Iranian oil exports, more than 700 banks, companies, and individuals.