Reality of environmental profits in Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is one of the twenty countries that mostly pollute the atmosphere. Thus, in the published list of most polluted cities of the world, compiled by British Mercer Human Resource Consulting, which was attended by 215 major world cities, the capital of Azerbaijan was the most polluted city, with the index of 27.6 points. This ranking is based on the results of complex studies, takes into account the level of air pollution, the degree of recycling, the suitability of water for drinking and other factors. All cities are compared with New York, which gained 100 points. The most pure city was Calgary in Canada (137 points). After Azerbaijan, the second most polluted city was in Dhaka in Bangladesh (29.6), the third - Antananarivo in Madagascar (30.1), the fourth - Port-au-Prince in Haiti (34). Moscow gained 43.4 points and 14th place.

Results of researches showed that environmental pollution by toxic products by force of human activities in Azerbaijan, which is rated among developing Asian and African countries, has reached the maximum. One of the reasons is that most part of Azerbaijani economy is based on oil and gas, whilst the old-dated technology does not enable to utilize wastes. As a result, combustion materials instigate further hotbed effect.

Accumulation of carbonic acid in atmosphere as a result of hotbed effect impact the atmosphere as a glass in greenhouse: it transmits the sun radiation and does not transmits back to space the infrared (thermo) radiation of the Earth. It might lead to global climatic changes, which is one actual problems of the present. The consequences of the climatic changes are conditioned not only by thoughts of ecological security. This is a complex problem related to ensuring stable socio-economic development.

To increase the fibre of socio-economic infrastructure with regard to climatic changes, to soften the predicted negative changes, to prevent possible catastrophic and irreversible results in future, to reduce economic expenditure for eliminating such outcomes in future, it is necessary to take adequate steps to react and adapt to observed and predicted climatic changes.

Ecological problems have evolved in the city a long ago, following increase of its industry, increased transport burden, other famous and peculiar aspects of activities in such big citiesи. According to the National Center of Ecological Forecasting, 60-70 percent of ecological pollution of Baku falls on automobile transport and 30-40 percent on industrial enterprises.

Although over recent years, declining was recorded in the industrial production, it turned out that the decline practically did not reduce the rate of the main polluters - industrial enterprises, which still continue to operate in the city, including refineries, thermal power, metallurgy, and similar productions, which provide a huge volume of harmful emissions.

Next largest share among all the polluters falls on combustion products of organic fuels. And their highest air pollution are currently cars, which are largely and with poor condition used in the city. Especially air pollution is characterized, first of all, for the central part of the city, suffering from oversaturation of transport. Each car is poisoning the air with lead, the exhaust gases from the combustion products, abrasion rubber tires. During the month of "Clean air" held last year, the State Car Service of the Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources identified 6,112 cars emitting toxic substances, the volume of which exceeds the norm. In general, in 2008, it became clear that the motor of 9,211 vehicles produce toxic substances in volumes exceeding the norm.

At the same time, the country feels ecological tension from the intensive construction work being carried out in the country. Any type of construction leads to the violation of ecology. Overall processes, ranging from delivery of construction materials to erection of new building, pose irreparable damage to ecology of Baku and impact the human health. One can see smog looking like cloud over the sky of Baku at any time of the day. This is the same very concentration of cement dust, soil, ashes and exhaust of bulldozers and concrete mixers, which specialists of the Ecology Ministry and NGOs are dealing with.

According to the Ministry, the level of dustiness in Baku exceeds the norms by 1.3 times, whilst the independent experts urge this figure to reach five.

Furthermore, one can observe mass cut of trees in many parts of the city due to construction of high buildings and expansion of roads. Though green plantings occupied 20 percent of territory of Absheron peninsular around 50 years ago, now the figure has reduced by 10 times. 60 percent of territory is covered by woods in Berlin.

Along with its current ecological state Azerbaijan remains one of leading countries for number of effective projects on improvement of ecological situation. The country puts every effort to facilitate results of climatic changes by applying new and expanded the existing projects. 

As to fighting with toxic substances thrown by cars into the atmosphere, the ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources has submitted to the government Action plan on adjusting technical norms of car wastes to atmosphere in line with the European standards on prevention of toxic wastes throwing into the air in the volume exceeding the norm. The program envisages ban on import of old-dated cars from Russia and Europe and limits on their use in Azerbaijan. Should this proposal is accepted, cars with the exploitation term of above five years (for developed countries) will not be allowed the country. Optimal term of exploitation for cars from Russia and CIS should not exceed three years.

However, cut in number of old-dated cars in the country cannot be fundamental solution to all problems. It is necessary to pay attention to quality of diesel fuel produced in the country, because it does not meet the contemporary ecological requirements. According to experts' estimation, to achieve a breakthrough in the solution of ecological problems of megapolis, like Baku, it is necessary to renew technological base of enterprises producing fuel for cars.

Obviously, it is impossible to solve all ecological problems of big city at once, even if to impose fines on violators, whom the Ecology Ministry announces in media. Probably, sum of fines do not solve the problem - over 7 months of 2009 fines imposed on violators for law-breaks in protected natural territory of Azerbaijan has made up 41,000 manat. One of NGOs indicated bp, which was fined by $350 million for violation of ecological norms in Alaska.

Indeed, the construction of advanced garbage processing plants can be, or should be, one of more prospective solutions. Furthermore, collection and utilization of wastes could bring profits if to approach reasonably. Especially, it concerns the secondary refinery of bottler glass, spoilage, polymer materials, and spent rubber tires. Namely, the secondary processing of some kinds of wastes (rubber tires, polymer wastes and other) could bring high profits in case of wise policy, including tax policy, and solution of purely ecological problems.

Innovation Financing component of Georgian GITA supports  provision of grants
Innovation Financing component of Georgian GITA supports provision of grants
Azerbaijan avenges attack on Barda: Armenian units that subjected to fire civilian infrastructure, civilian population destroyed (VIDEO)
Azerbaijan avenges attack on Barda: Armenian units that subjected to fire civilian infrastructure, civilian population destroyed (VIDEO)
Georgian Meskhetian Brand Winemaking Company enters new markets
Georgian Meskhetian Brand Winemaking Company enters new markets
Loading Bars
Latest
WHO registers over 479,000 COVID-19 cases in 24 hours worldwide
Facebook quarterly revenue beats estimates
Numerous sites hit by missiles attack on Azerbaijani Barda were in civilian areas - VICE News reporter (VIDEO)
Innovation Financing component of Georgian GITA supports provision of grants
VICE News highlights use of banned cluster munitions by Armenia to attack Azerbaijani Barda
Forces and equipment Armed Forces of Armenia destroyed
Azerbaijan to establish embassy in Cuba
Strike on Azerbaijani is tragedy - Chairperson of Migration, Refugees, Displaced Persons Council of PACE
ICRC facilitates handover of combatants bodies killed in action during escalation of Karabakh conflict
Amnesty International verifies use of banned cluster bombs by Armenia to attack Azerbaijani Barda (PHOTO)
Azerbaijan avenges attack on Barda: Armenian units that subjected to fire civilian infrastructure, civilian population destroyed (VIDEO)
GUAM strongly condemns missile attacks on Azerbaijani cities by Armenia
French COJEP issues report on civilian casualties as result of Armenian attacks on densely populated Azerbaijani areas
Nizami Ganjavi International Center discusses renewed fighting between Armenia, Azerbaijan
Georgian Meskhetian Brand Winemaking Company enters new markets
Armenian Armed Forces' attempts to attack prevented in several directions - MoD
Azerbaijan issues statement on handing over bodies of killed servicemen to Armenia
Azerbaijan's MoD notes chaos, mass desertion in Armenian army
Azerbaijan eyes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in upcoming years
Azerbaijan ratifies agreement on interaction of CIS member states' customs authorities
Azerbaijan reveals volume of tobacco production in Shaki district
UK increases import of Azerbaijani-made products
Georgia to cover utility fees of certain citizens starting from November
Canadian company to be engaged in gold mining in Georgia
Azerbaijani AFB Bank's net profit decreases
EBRD supports Georgian transport sector
No simple solution for Karabakh conflict, says Russian president
Azerbaijan approves law to rename 'Veng' village in Khojavand district into 'Chinarli'
Azerbaijani Prosecutor General's Office updates on woman killed following Armenia's missile fire
Azerbaijan to establish embassy in Cuba
Chairman of Azerbaijani community of Nagorno Karabakh calls on Canadian MP to apologize
Ombudsman of Azerbaijan sends protest letter to UNICEF regarding Armenian provocations
KAZ Minerals metals output on track to exceed full year production guidance
Reports about shelling of Russian border outpost false, says Azerbaijan's MoD
Servicemen of Armenian regiment refuse to take part in Karabakh hostilities
Russia making vigorous efforts to de-escalate Karabakh conflict as soon as possible - MFA
German allocates additional funds to Georgia for fighting COVID-19
Armenian Armed Forces shelling Azerbaijan’s Goranboy, Tartar, Barda
National Bank of Georgia sells funds at foreign exchange auction
World will lose heavily from enmity with Turkey and Azerbaijan, Turkish top official on Trend's 'Baku-Istanbul' teleconference (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Discussions related to durable resolution of Karabakh conflict ongoing constantly - OSCE (Exclusive)
CNPC Drilling Company in Turkmenistan opens tender to buy electric batteries
Number of high-ranking Armenian officials dismissed from their posts within month
One more Azerbaijani civilian killed by Armenian Armed Forces - top official
Azerbaijan sharply increases import of eggs from Georgia
Lebanese human rights defenders condemn Armenian vandalism in Beirut
Armenia once again violates ceasefire agreements - FACTS
Azerbaijan increases tea imports from Georgia
VTB Bank Kazakhstan's parent bank expected to facilitate bank's growth plans for 2020-2021
Azerbaijan appeals to UNICEF regarding Armenia's terror against Barda's civilians
Facebook gains court backing in document row with EU regulators
Commissioning of desalination plant in Kazakhstan's semi-desert zone postponed
Number of debit cards in Azerbaijan continues to grow
Georgia reduces imports of construction materials from Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan reduces import of cigarettes from Georgia
Residents of Barda fully confident in Azerbaijani army - Executive authority
Georgia increases oil import from Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan reveals details of casualties, injuries in Tartar inflicted by Armenian troops
Electricity production using renewable energy sources increases in Kazakhstan
Azerbaijan increases import of passenger cars from Georgia
Kazakhstan decreases imports from Austria
Precious metal prices in Azerbaijan down
Austria interested in further promoting economic co-op with Turkmenistan
People like Vladimir Yevseev call on Armenia to commit war crimes - Israeli expert
Ronaldinho films video message in support of Azerbaijan
Missile-hit area of Azerbaijan's Barda city targeted purposefully - Executive Office
Armenian military-political leadership to be punished soon – Azerbaijani prosecutor general
Kazakhstan, Spain trade down nearly threefold amid COVID-19
Bashkortostan boosts fuel export to Uzbekistan
President Ilham Aliyev calls President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Azerbaijan confirms 483 more COVID-19 recoveries
Small industrial zone to be created in Uzbekistan’s Tashkent
First Vice-President Mehriban Aliyeva congratulates brotherly people of Turkey on 29 October-Republic Day
Kazakhstan, Austria agree on Action Plan of Kazakhstan-Austrian Business Council for 2021
Armenian leadership shelled Tartar ignoring visit of diplomats - President's aide
Azerbaijani currency rates for Oct. 29
China's premium car buyers drive VW back to profit
Iran reveals its COVID-19 data for October 29
Kraft Heinz third-quarter sales beat estimates
Bahar Azadi gold coin price again rising in Iran
Georgia has record high grape harvest in past 30 years
Int'l journalist sends Letter to Joe Biden in regards to his statement on Karabakh
Armenia shells Goygol district, fire breaks out in forest - Ministry of Emergency Situations
Joint technical committee to be set up related to Khudafarin & Giz Galasi hydro junctions
ADB approves loan to support Georgia’s economic recovery
Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan increases value of its agricultural production
Turkmenistan plans to increase natural gas supplies to China
Armenian servicemen, who fire at civilians in Azerbaijan’s Barda, killed on battlefield (VIDEO)
Azerbaijan shoots down two Su-25 of Armenia – Defense ministry
Aircraft of Azerbaijani Armed Forces not involved in today's battles - Defense Ministry
Turkish Airlines to launch multiple charter flights to Georgia
Georgia's economic growth rate to up
Armenia used cluster bombs prohibited by all int'l conventions to attack civilians in Barda - Assistant to First Vice President of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan’s all Smerch multiple rocket launchers fully operational – Defense ministry
Azerbaijan's Zangilan city liberated not long before 27-year anniversary of its occupation
Azerbaijan hands over bodies of soldiers, captured civilians to Armenia - president's aide
Azerbaijan bombing maternity hospital in Nagorno-Karabakh's Khankendi - fake
Top Iranian cleric condemns Armenia killing innocents in Azerbaijan's Barda city
Azerbaijan to become regional leader in energy efficiency - EU4Energy manager
Assessment of Turkmenistan's hydrocarbon resources published
All news