Baku, Azerbaijan, Dec.23
By Viktoriya Zhavoronkova - Trend:
The government of Kyrgyzstan may be replaced in case it is not able to make considerable changes in the country, U.S. expert on Central Asia Bruce Pannier believes.
"There is a big question of which happens first - the government is able to show improvements that the majority of people can feel in their own lives, or the situation stagnates or regresses and opposition figures use sensitive issues, such as the Kumtor gold mine, to ignite mass demonstrations against the government," Pannier told Trend.
Rallies became a usual lifestyle of many Kyrgyz people. One can hardly find a week when it is calm in the country. Experts believe that the people of this Central Asian state have forcible arguments to demand better life conditions.
Kyrgyzstan, being in a very difficult situation, experienced two revolutions since gaining independence after the Soviet Union collapsed. After the first one - The Tulip revolution of 2005, the new regime held out for five year, after what Kyrgyz people faced one more political collapse in the country.
The current leadership came into force after the revolution of 2010. After 2010, Kyrgyzstan had time to change president, but, after all these political manipulations none of these government compositions managed to improve the quality of life in the country.
Pannier stressed that one should remark this year's clashes between protesters and police, mostly in the north of Kyrgyzstan, where the Kumtor gold mine, run by Canada's Centerra, is located.
The Kyrgyz government has managed to control most of the essential "hot" issues that could spark large-scale social unrest, that is a progress, expert believes.
He added that supplies of energy are limited now in winter, but there is no report the price will increase anytime soon. There seems to be ample food available for the people and the economy is moving forward, although slowly, Pannier added.
But nevertheless, the anniversaries of the two revolutions next spring -- March 24 and April 7 - will be a good indication of what the social situation will be like in Kyrgyzstan.
"Will the days be marked in reflection or accompanied by rallies in Bishkek and other cities and towns, is a question," he said.