Russia, U.S. must review position on nuclear arms

Russia, U.S. must review position on nuclear arms

Azerbaijan, Baku, Feb. 10 / Trend , E.Tariverdiyeva/
Russia and the U.S. have to completely review their positions on nuclear armaments in order to conclude a new agreement on control of strategic offensive arms, as Russia is unlikely to fulfill Obama administration's wish.

"Russia and the United States can reach an agreement on the reduction of nuclear arms, but I do not think that it will be "on American terms". Both sides will have to be satisfied with the proposals in order to have a new treaty," said leading European expert for non-proliferation of nuclear weapons Ian Anthony.

Role of nuclear forces may increase while shaping the new image of the Russian army, RBC quoted Russian Armed Forces General Staff Chief Nikolai Makarov as saying on Feb. 9.

On Feb. 8, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Sergey Ivanov said at the Munich Security Conference that Russia was ready to negotiate new text of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START). "Negotiations will begin fairly quickly as soon as the U.S. is ready," said Ivanov.

Russian media outlets reported in December 2008 and January 2009 that START-2 would be developed. Content of the treaty was not detailed. START-2 is expected to be one of the issues to be discussed during Obama's visit to Russia. According to unconfirmed reports, the visit will take place in April.
President Obama pledged to make nuclear arms reduction a key task of his office. He promised to resume talks with Russia to update START-1, signed in 1991. According to the agreement, both countries should limit their nuclear reserves from roughly 10,000 to 5,000 units.
Observers say Russia will not agree on a large-scale reduction of nuclear arms envisaged in START-2.
"These will be complicated negotiations and there are likely to be different views on whether the final number (e.g. of 1,000) should include total deployed nuclear warheads; total deployed strategic nuclear warheads (excluding tactical weapons); total nuclear warheads (including warheads in reserve) or total strategic nuclear warheads (including strategic nuclear warheads in reserve but excluding tactical weapons)," leading expert, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute non-proliferation program head Ian Anthony wrote Trend in an email.
There are two views - a view of the Russian Armed Forces General Staff Chief and a view of the U.S., said Russian military expert Konstantin Sivkov. "There will be a severe struggle. If patriotic forces win, START-2 will either be not signed or will be signed under three positions providing security of Russia's nuclear deterrence," Geopolitical Affairs Academy First Vice-President Konstantin Sivkov told Trend .
To reach a constructive agreement, it is necessary to include not only U.S. and Russia, but also countries of nuclear club to cut the nuclear powers' nuclear potential, he said.
"U.S. must refuse air space and marine Missile Defense Shield (MDS) and admit their non-fulfilling the SOA-1, destroy and dismantle nuclear warheads," Sivkov said.
U.S.'s proposal to cut nuclear arms is dangerous for Russia, the Russian expert said.
If Russia and U.S. existed in vacuum, U.S.'s initiative would be constructive, Sivkov said.
However, besides Russia, UK possesses nuclear weapon, as it has 1,500 nuclear warheads. Furthermore, France has 1,000 warheads, as well as China and Israel - 200 warheads.
In fact, U.S. did not fulfill SOA-1, as several thousand of warheads and carrier rockets comprise return potential. In other words, they are stored and in good order and prepared to war duty. Therefore, Obama's proposal to reduce Russia's nuclear armament to 1,000 warheads is an attempt to provide Russia's nuclear disarmament, the Russian expert said.
"Moreover, U.S. is deploying air MDS at Boings-747 and space platforms, as well as marine MDS, which can neutralize Russian nuclear missiles at 1,000 warheads, as Obama desires," Sivkov said.
 I think the most likely next development is a fairly simple treaty that will come into force before START I expires in December simply maintaining continuity in bilateral arms control, Anthony said. "Then during a period of negotiation, the sides can reach a more extensive agreement -- perhaps in the second half of 2010."
According to another Russian expert Vitaly Fedchenko, Russia can agree on the proposed agreement under certain conditions.
"I would not rule out that Russia can agree on American terms, but this will be preceded by long negotiations," Stockholm International Peace Research Institute non-proliferation researcher Vitaly Fedchenko told Trend in a telephone conversation from Stockholm.

Reduction of arms may take place, if it suits both countries, he said.
Russia's first priority, he said, is to improve strategic nuclear forces and capabilities of strategic nuclear forces to oppose the U.S. missile defense. "If these conditions are met, Russia will be able to reduce its weapons to 1,000 warheads," said Fedchenko.
If the Joint Staff and the Russian leadership are sure they are able to perform these tasks even if their strategic nuclear forces are only 1,000 warheads, then the U.S. proposals is acceptable," said Fedchenko.
Moscow-based R.Agayev and Baku-based E.Ostapenko contributed to the article
Do you have any feedback? Contact our journalist at [email protected]

Subscribe to Trend in Google News! Subscribe
Trilateral meeting of Deputy PMs of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia held in Moscow
Trilateral meeting of Deputy PMs of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia held in Moscow
Russian peacekeepers - guarantors of peace in Karabakh - President Putin
Russian peacekeepers - guarantors of peace in Karabakh - President Putin
Russia welcomes recent meeting between religious leaders of Azerbaijan and Armenia
Russia welcomes recent meeting between religious leaders of Azerbaijan and Armenia
Loading Bars
Russian Health Ministry greenlights joint COVID-19 and flu vaccination
Central Bank discloses volume of loans issued to Azerbaijan's districts
Georgia records surge in tourist visits from Uzbekistan
Tourist inflow from Kazakhstan to Georgia soars
Iran boosts exports through customs of Zanjan Province
Azerbaijan notes decrease in banking sector' profit
Azerbaijan sees rise in mortgage lending
Iranian currency rates for October 23
Weekly review of Azerbaijani currency market
Georgia releases data on COVID-19 cases for October 23
New customs post in Azerbaijan to speed up cargo movement along North-South corridor (PHOTO)
Azerbaijan, Armenia to sign new documents in Moscow
Azerbaijani oil prices increase
Georgia sees decrease in tourist inflow from Azerbaijan
Turkmen company to purchase material, technical resources via tender
Kazakh energy company opens tender to buy metal corners
Kazakh oil company opens tender to buy spares
Kazakh KazMunayTeniz opens tender for Caterpillar equipment maintenance
Azerbaijan's Central Bank unveils data on currency exchange operations for Jan. through Sept. 2021
Azerbaijani fund presents concept for restoration of liberated territories
EDB purchases bonds of Kazakh KEGOC JSC
US corporate workers to start returning to offices next month
Iran changes pricing of petrochemical products at its mercantile exchange
Iran's foreign exchange needs trigger to expand exports
Surge of energy prices puts Europeans in stalemate (VIDEO)
Chinese company opens massive eco-friendly mine in Serbia
Kazakhstan’s daily COVID-19 case count stands at 1,732
Georgian honey exports skyrocket, following COVID-ravaged year
Iranian envoy, head of Georgia's State Security Service meet
Turkey announces commissioning date for logistics center in Sivas (Exclusive)
US military eliminates one of Al-Qaeda leaders in northwest Syria
Mutation of Delta variant may be more transmissible: UK health agency
Biden, Macron discuss cooperation, to meet in Rome late October
India, UK working on free trade agreement: Harsh Vardhan Shringla at India Global Forum
Turkey reports 28,192 daily COVID-19 cases
G7 countries reach breakthrough on digital trade and data
India perhaps only G20 country to fulfil...: India ahead of COP26 climate summit
U.N. plane aborts landing as air strike hits Ethiopia's Tigray
Relations with India stronger than ever, says Maldives Defence Minister
Chronicles of Victory: October 23, 2020
Iranian delegation leaves for Tashkent to observe elections
UK PM Johnson says fresh COVID lockdown not on the cards
2 soldiers, terrorist killed in northwestern Pakistan's clash
Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine shows 90.7% efficacy in trial in children
Belarus, Kazakhstan discuss joint efforts to maintain regional security
Georgia, Turkey to set up joint air force plant
TURKIC.World project presented at media forum of Turkic Council (PHOTO)
Iran boosts transit via TRACECA corridor
French court annuls "treaty" with illegal Armenian regime in Azerbaijan's Karabakh
Azerbaijan's MoD inspects combat positions in liberated Kalbajar, Lachin districts (PHOTO)
Uzbekistan Airways opens tender related to local fire alarm system
Iran looks to enhance road development in Ardabil province
Main countries of origin for tourists arriving in Georgia
Spanish Gedepsa interested in growing olive plantations in Uzbekistan
Azerbaijan reveals number of mines, munitions found on its liberated lands (PHOTO)
Overview of Uzbekistan's retail trade turnover dynamics between 2010-2020
When Karabakh road infrastructure to be fully ready?
Armenians propagate Nazi Nzhdeh and accuse Azerbaijan of racism (VIDEO)
Relations With India Stronger Than Ever, Says Maldives Defence Minister
Bennett-Putin meeting lasted five hours, was warm and positive
Azerbaijan shares data on number of vaccinated citizens
Azerbaijan confirms 2,112 more COVID-19 cases, 882 recoveries
Australia says EU has postponed free trade talks for second time
Azerbaijan’s volume of non-cash payments continues to grow
Delta Galil files for Nasdaq offering
Azerbaijan's investment attractiveness increased after liberation of its lands - minister (PHOTO)
Turkmenistan reduces wheat imports from EAEU states
Azerbaijan’s wheat imports from EAEU countries revealed
Belarusian company to supply Azerbaijan with cables
Azerbaijan sees growth in its population's bank deposits
Azerbaijan commissions recently built military facilities in its liberated lands (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Non-tourist trips to Georgia plummet
Kazakh Tengizсhevroil to reduce LPG supplies to Ukraine after polypropylene plant's launch
Iran to use domestic capacity for road fleet modernization
Azercell once again bestowed with ISO 37001:2016 Anti-bribery Management Systems standard of compliance
Azerbaijan reveals data on mine clearance work carried out in liberated lands
Azerbaijan’s cargo transportation by all types of transport decreases in 9M2021
Ukrainian companies interested in entering Turkmen market
EBRD, EU to provide loans for indirect financing of green technologies in Georgia
SOCAR-AQS exceeds drilling progress plan
President Ilham Aliyev sends congratulatory letter to Hungarian counterpart
Azerbaijan to expand co-op with Turkey in mine clearance – ANAMA
Uzbekistan signs agreement to put out former uranium mining sites
Iran eyes developing non-oil exports
India hopes to work with China for resolution of issues: Shringla
Azerbaijan’s Bulla Deniz produces over 54,000 tons of oil with technical measures
UK foreign secretary begins India visit today, to hold talks with Jaishankar
Uzbekistan to expand network of local duty-free shops
Azerbaijani SME agency ready to fully support alternative energy dev't
SOCAR sums up results of operation at Oil Rocks
Turkmenistan overhauling railways on border of Akhal, Balkan regions
SOCAR reveals time of commissioning 2nd production complex at Gunahsli field
Uzbek, Russian enterprises considering joint textile enterprises
Azerbaijan to start exporting locally-produced mineral water to Europe (PHOTO)
Azerbaijan not planning to transfer all schools online - ministries
SOCAR details on works carried out at Heydar Aliyev Oil Refinery in 2020
Progress on CAREC transport projects in Kazakhstan unveiled
Russia reports 37,141 COVID-19 cases in past 24 hours
Natural gas, coal prices to remain at high levels through start of 2022
FAO's representative office may be opened in Turkmenistan
All news