Oil prices firm as global stock markets rebound, dollar falls
Oil prices rose on Tuesday, lifted by a rebound in global stock markets that followed sharp falls last week, as well as by a weaker dollar which potentially supports more fuel consumption, Reuters reports.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $59.60 a barrel at 0759 GMT. That was up 31 cents, or 0.5 percent, from their last settlement.
Brent crude futures were at $62.97 per barrel, up 38 cents, or 0.6 percent, from the previous close.
“Oil markets attempted a half-hearted recovery overnight on little more than an equity market correlated bounce, and indeed the weaker U.S. dollar added to the momentum,” said Stephen Innes, head of trading for Asia-Pacific at futures brokerage Oanda in Singapore.
The dollar’s index against a basket of six major currencies fell 0.3 percent to 89.923 on Tuesday.
A weaker dollar makes fuel imports cheaper for countries that use other currencies domestically, potentially spurring demand.
Meanwhile, stock markets on Tuesday pulled away from two-month lows from the previous week, when shares were roiled by some of the sharpest falls on record, shaking confidence across markets.
With markets seemingly returning to calmer waters, oil traders said attention was turning to inventory levels to gauge crude supply levels.
“The change in inventories this week will be crucial for determining whether further declines in the oil price are on the cards,” said William O‘Loughlin, investment analyst at Australia’s Rivkin Securities.
The private American Petroleum Institute (API) is due to publish crude inventory estimates on Tuesday, while the government U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is set to release its fuel storage and crude production data on Wednesday.
On the demand side, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) said on Monday it expected world oil demand to climb by 1.59 million barrels per day (bpd) this year, an increase of 60,000 bpd from the previous forecast, reaching 98.6 million bpd.
The rising consumption is being met by increased output from outside OPEC, the Middle East dominated producer club said.
OPEC said the United States and other outside producers would boost supply by 1.4 million bpd this year, up 250,000 bpd from last month and the third consecutive rise from 870,000 bpd in November.
OPEC said because of non-OPEC production growth, oil markets would only return to a supply and demand balance “towards the end of this year”.
In an effort to tighten markets and prop up prices, OPEC and a group of other producer including Russia have been withholding supplies since 2017. The cuts are scheduled to last through 2018.
EIA data shows that world oil markets were in a supply deficit in 2017, due in large part to the OPEC-led supply cuts, but the data shows an expected return of a surplus for large parts of this year.