European nations draw up Iran compromise

(AP) - Key European nations put finishing touches Tuesday on a proposal meant to enlist the support of Russia and China for possible U.N. Security Council sanctions against Iran should Tehran refuse to abandon uranium enrichment, diplomats said.

The compromise which would drop the automatic threat of military action if Iran remains defiant is part of a proposed basket of incentives meant to entice Iran to give up enrichment, a possible pathway to nuclear arms. It also spells out the penalties if it does not, reports Trend.

France, Britain and Germany discussed the final form of the package Tuesday ahead of submission for hoped-for approval Wednesday at a formal meeting of the five permanent Security Council members and Germany.

If accepted, the compromise would resolve wrangling within the Security Council since it became actively involved in March, two months after Iran's file was referred to it by the 35-nation board of the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Russia and China have opposed calls by America, Britain and France for a resolution threatening sanctions and enforceable by military action.

The compromise proposal is meant to break that deadlock, said the diplomats, who demanded anonymity in exchange for discussing the package with The Associated Press.

If Iran remains defiant, the proposal calls for a Security Council resolution imposing sanctions under Chapter VII, Article 41 of the U.N. Charter. But it avoids any reference to Article 42 which is the trigger for possible military action to enforce any such resolution.

And in an additional reassurance to Moscow and Beijing, it specifically calls for new consultations among the five permanent Security Council members on any further steps against Iran. That is meant to dispel past complaints by the Russians and Chinese that once the screws on Iran are tightened, it would automatically start a process leading to military involvement.

The proposed language represents compromise by the United States, Britain and France, which for weeks had called for a full Chapter VII resolution automatically carrying the threat of military action if ignored by Iran.

Still, it was unclear whether the changes would be enough to satisfy Russia and China at the six-nation meeting Wednesday because any such resolution would still declare Iran a threat to international peace something also opposed by both Moscow and Beijing. Russia and China also have until recently spoken out against possible sanctions on Tehran, their economic and strategic partner.

On the eve of the meeting, Russian news agencies cited Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov as again calling for political and diplomatic means to solve the Iranian nuclear impasse.

Still, Lavrov also said Moscow favors the approach of the three European Union countries in handling the crisis a possible suggestion that it was ready to accept the modified proposal for a council resolution as part of the package of carrots if Iran cooperated and sticks if it didn't.

The draft European proposal, shared in part with The Associated Press, listed among possible sanctions to imposed by the council banning travel visas for government officials; freezing assets; banning financial transactions of key government figures and those involved in Iran's nuclear program; an arms embargo, and an embargo on shipping refined oil products to Iran. While Iran is a major exporter of crude it has a shortage of gasoline and other oil derivatives.

If Tehran agrees to suspend enrichment, enter new negotiations on its nuclear program and lift a ban on intrusive inspections by the IAEA, they would be offered rewards including agreement by the international community to "suspend discussion of Iran's file at the Security Council."

The package also promised help in "the building of new light-water reactors in Iran," offered an assured supply of nuclear fuel for up to five years, and asked Tehran to accept a plan that would move its enrichment program to Russia.

A European official said Washington was unlikely to compromise beyond giving up insistence that any council resolution be automatically militarily enforceable.

Concern has been building since 2002 when Iran was found to be working on large-scale plans to enrich uranium. Iran insists it is only interested in generating electricity, but the international community increasingly fears it plans to build a nuclear bomb.

A series of IAEA reports since then have revealed worrying secret activities and documents, including drawings of how to mold weapons-grade uranium metal into the shape of a warhead.

Iran heightened international worries by announcing on April 11 that it had enriched uranium with 164 centrifuges. Experts estimate that Iran could produce enough nuclear material for one bomb if it had at least 1,000 centrifuges working for more than a year.

Georgian government works on restriction phase-out plan
Georgian government works on restriction phase-out plan
Spain eyes to support Georgia to further develop its tourism, infrastructure and energy fields
Spain eyes to support Georgia to further develop its tourism, infrastructure and energy fields
Weekly review of Georgian capital markets (Jan.11 through Jan.15)
Weekly review of Georgian capital markets (Jan.11 through Jan.15)
Loading Bars
Latest
Baku Trade Port hikes cargo transshipment in 2020
Government Clears Largest Fighter Aircraft Procurement for Indian Air Force
India, Bangladesh are commemorating 50 years of diplomatic ties this year: MEA
Several facilities to be launched in Iran’s electricity sector
Covaxin efficacy meets WHO standards, safe to use: Joint Drugs Controller
Azerbaijan boosts oil, oil products shipment via Dubandi terminal in 2020
Indian Government sends aid to flood victims in central Vietnam
Uzbekistan reveals COVID-19 data for January 19
ACG oil transshipment from Ceyhan terminal exceeds 8.5 million tons YTD
Startup India International Summit: Narendra Modi listens journey of Nepali businessman
Кazakh Electricity Grid Operating Company to buy electrical equipment via tender
2020 export of oil bitumen from Azerbaijan grows tenfold
Azerbaijan records plunge in number of foreign visitors in 2020
Turkmenistan registers Russian-made COVID-19 vaccine
Geodetic survey of IGB’s 182-km route nearing completion
Length of IGB’s welded sections reaches 90 km
Production, deliveries of all line pipes for IGB completed
Magnitude 6.8 quake strikes San Juan Province, Argentina
Iran could develop co-op with Finland in various sectors - TPO
Licensing for IGB’s commercial operation nearing final stage
Cargo transportation between Azerbaijan and Russia continued in 2020 - Trade Representative
Vaccine used in Azerbaijan also effective against new COVID-19 strain - TABIB
TABIB discusses side effects of COVID-19 vaccine
Turkey’s top science body provides support for young inventors
Chinese mainland reports 12 new imported COVID-19 cases
Georgian government works on restriction phase-out plan
Number of COVID-19 cases exceeds 170,000 in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan reports increase in export of crude petroleum oils to Poland
EU plans to start spending huge recovery fund in months
Iran prioritize clearance of strategic goods from Customs
Brazil's COVID-19 death toll tops 210,000
Nigerian troops kill 30 bandits in gunfight
France's daily new COVID-19 infections at a more than six-week high
UK figure of daily new coronavirus cases drops further
Azerbaijani Foreign Minister meets with delegation of the Turkic Council, TURKSOY and Turkic Culture and Heritage Foundation
Spain eyes to support Georgia to further develop its tourism, infrastructure and energy fields
Sweden begins to administer second dose of COVID-19 vaccine
Canada to lift Boeing 737 MAX flight ban on January 20
CBI reacts to the German claim about INSTEX
Weekly review of Georgian capital markets (Jan.11 through Jan.15)
Trade balance between Azerbaijan and Turkey remains positive in 2020
Losses of JSC Georgian Railways increase
Kazakhstan boosts imports from Spain despite COVID-19 pandemic
Georgia makes investments in Kazakhstan's production of ferroalloys
Georgian FM meets Spanish officials in Madrid
Disneyland Paris delays reopening to April 2 due to COVID-19
Crime activity down in Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan discloses projects approved for financing within 'Almaty business-2025' program
Interior minister discloses number of crimes registered in Azerbaijan in 2020
Iran says won't accept new conditions within JCPOA
Azerbaijan names number of servicemen of Internal Troops of Interior Ministry who became martyrs
New memorandum between Azerbaijan and Turkey to be discussed
Azerbaijan shows footage from Alolar village of Kalbajar district (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Azerbaijan confirms 503 more COVID-19 recoveries
Gazprom reveals volume of gas imported by Georgia from Russia
Share of nuts, fruits, citrus peels in Azerbaijan's total export increases
Iranian Energy Exchange announces products to be on sale on January 19
Azerbaijan starts vaccination against coronavirus (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Turkish, Azerbaijani businessmen to carry out joint projects to revive Karabakh
Uzbekistan eyes increasing share of national currency in sovereign bonds
Roadmap for co-op on Lapis-Lazuli project signed
Azerbaijan's Central Bank to improve banking infrastructure in regions during 2021
Azerbaijan's SOCAR Polymer becomes largest importer in Russia
Iran’s Bahar Azadi gold coin price starts to fall
Georgia, Turkey discuss bilateral strategic partnership
Cargo turnover in Georgian ports decreases
Some statements by Armenian officials cause tension - Lavrov
Liberation of Azerbaijani territories forms new economic reality
Iran's Shazand Oil Refining Company opens tender to buy equipment
Volume of lending for Azerbaijani industrial and manufacturing sector increases
Railroad infrastructure investment projects may be implemented between Turkmenistan, Spain
Trilateral Statement on Karabakh has no secret clauses - Russian FM
Armenian side didn't provide lists of prisoners of war immediately and completely - Lavrov
Property appropriated by Georgian MFOs as payment of debts on loans down
Industrial enterprises put into operation in Iran's West Azerbaijan Province
Uzbekistan discloses number of enterprises created in healthcare sector in 2020
Uzbekistan’s 2020 volume of remittances up
Uzbekistan plans to create wholesale electricity and gas market
Azerbaijan to be one of first countries to see COVID-19 pandemic's end - agency's chairman (PHOTO)
Preparatory work under completion in Azerbaijan’s Alley of Martyrs (PHOTO)
Significant number of currency exchange offices closes in Georgia
2021 begins with victories, says President of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan's export of beverages nearly halves
CISCO eyes to apply smart lighting model in Baku
Let no-one think that they may have special privileges - President of Azerbaijan
War is over, Nagorno-Karabakh conflict consigned to history - President of Azerbaijan
Everything in liberated lands must be done in planned manner - President Aliyev
Main export-import data between Turkmenistan, Spain published
Amount of money saved in biotech field in Iran revealed
Air Arabia airline company returning to Georgian market
Restoration of the Karabakh region is high on my agenda - President of Azerbaijan
Industry, agriculture, non-oil sector, export opportunities, reduction of dependence on imports – all these factors created new reality today - President Aliyev
Azerbaijan's state agency talks current status of road construction to post-war Shusha (PHOTO)
Number of insignia awarded to Azerbaijan's transport workers in 2020 revealed
Kazakhstan decreases export of crude petroleum oils to Romania
Total speeds up renewables push with $2.5 billion investment in Indian solar power
Revenues of Georgian air navigation service provider down
Sale transactions in Georgia's real-estate sector may drop in Jan.-Feb. 2021
President Aliyev attends groundbreaking ceremony for two plants in Sumgayit Chemical Industry Park, inaugurates sheet glass factory (PHOTO)
Bombardier to overhaul Israel Railways carriages
All news