Trans-Caspian pipeline to prevent Iranian gas from reaching Europe

Trans-Caspian pipeline to prevent Iranian gas from reaching Europe

Azerbaijan, Baku, Sept. 23 /Trend T.Konyayeva/

The Trans-Caspian gas pipeline will reduce Iran's chances to become a gas exporter for Europe, experts believe.

"Protecting its national interest, as a potential gas exporter, Iran naturally cannot be supportive of other exporters in the market," Professor Reza Taghizadeh, a member of the Trend Experts Council, wrote in an email. "The Trans-Caspian pipeline limits Iran capability to become Europe's energy partner. Iran will support such a project if only its own supply of gas will be taken on board."

Last week, the EU adopted a mandate to negotiate a legally binding treaty between the EU, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan to build a Trans-Caspian Pipeline System.

Later, Iran and Russia expressed negative attitude toward this project. Tehran and Moscow think that the pipeline construction will damage the Caspian Sea environment.

The pipeline, with a length of 300 kilometers, will be laid from the Turkmen coast of the Caspian Sea to Azerbaijan, where it will be connected to the Southern Gas Corridor.
Talks between Turkmenistan and the EU and other countries on the construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline have been conducted since late 1990s. Its construction is now difficult because of unresolved status of the Caspian Sea.

In addition to economic reasons, Taghizadeh thinks Iran's opposition to the Trans-Caspian pipeline has both political and environmental dimensions.

"The environmental concerns are undeniable because the Caspian Sea's unique ecological system is excessively fragile. The Caspian Sea is closed, and vulnerable towards manmade hazards, such as excessive pollution resulted from further oil and gas productions," he said.

Besides, the Caspian basin is located right on the earthquake built, Taghizadeh added.

"Therefore, any quack under the sea water and around the region could break the pipe, releasing poisonous gases into the sea water and endangering marine life so gravely, before being controlled. The depth of the sea near Iranian coastlines, which is about 980 meters, makes it no more palpable to take," he said.

As regards to political reasons, Taghizadeh believes that the Trans-Caspian pipeline would definitely compromise common ownership of the sea status, and in a way, could divide boundaries of the littoral states.

"However, Russia and Iran both prefer to stay connected and enjoy the benefits of being neighbours," he said.

Taghizadeh thinks Iran would do its best to stand firmly against the Trans-Caspian pipeline, before the legal status of the Caspian Sea is determined.

"At this stage Iran demands the assumption of a dynamic role in the Caspian Sea energy economy plus a faire share of its sea water and the natural resources. None has yet been offered to it and therefore Iran could see no further loses to be incurred if stands on the way of its neighbours developing their own resources," he said.

In November 2003, the Caspian littoral countries (Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkmenistan) signed the Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea.

In July 1998 Russia and Kazakhstan signed an agreement on the delineation of the northern part of the Caspian Sea in order to exercise sovereign rights for subsoil use.

On Nov. 29, 2001, and Feb. 27, 2003, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan signed an agreement on the delineation of the Caspian Sea.

Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Russia signed an agreement on the delineation of adjacent sections of the Caspian Sea on May 14, 2003.

As to finalizing the legal status of the Caspian Sea, the consultations are under way on this issue.

U.S. Northeastern University Professor Kamran Dadkhah also believes that the real reasons for Iranian and Russian opposition to the Trans-Caspian pipeline are economic benefits and political motives.

"First, the project does not involve Iran and Russia although Russia has the largest proven gas reserves and Iran the second largest. Thus, they feel that they are left out of a significant gas project feeding Europe," Dadkhah wrote Trend in an email.

He believes Iran feels it is left out of this project as well as the Nabucco pipeline.

"This would have been an opportunity for Iran to break into the market. But of course the problem is the international sanctions and the opposition of the United States and some European countries to Iran participation," Dadkhah said.

A second reason for both countries to oppose the project is that the legal framework and boundaries of sovereignty over the Caspian Sea are not finalized, the expert believes.

"Iran feels that it has been cheated out of its rightful share in the resources of the sea. The gas project extending a pipeline under the water without the participation of Iran would be de facto recognition of the usage of the sea by Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan without regard for Iran's right," Dadkhah said.

For some unclear reasons, Iran's opposition to the project has been rather mute, he concluded.

The European Union's talks with Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan on the project of laying Trans-Caspian pipeline will begin in October, European External Action Service (EEAS) Director for Eastern Partnership Gunnar Wiegand told journalists in Baku on Sept. 23.

Subscribe to Trend in Google News! Subscribe
Azerbaijan talks entreprises to be commissioned at Aghdam Industrial Park
Azerbaijan talks entreprises to be commissioned at Aghdam Industrial Park
Value of Azerbaijan's export to US surges for 10M2021
Value of Azerbaijan's export to US surges for 10M2021
Agrarian sector of ‘smart village’ in Azerbaijan’s Zangilan to be combined modern urban planning – minister
Agrarian sector of ‘smart village’ in Azerbaijan’s Zangilan to be combined modern urban planning – minister
Loading Bars
Latest
Passenger transportation via Iran's Kermanshah International Airport declines
UK records another 42,848 coronavirus cases
Explosion occurred near Iran's nuclear facility
Azerbaijan hands over to Armenia body of saboteur neutralized in attack on Azerbaijani serviceman in Khojavand
Azerbaijan talks entreprises to be commissioned at Aghdam Industrial Park
Major terrorist attack against rally with Erdogan's participation prevented in Turkey
Great number of EU, NATO countries interested in Turkish drones - Cavushoglu
Georgian PM meets with President of FIBA Europe
OSCE MG ready to host meeting between Azerbaijani and Armenian FMs
Value of Azerbaijan's export to US surges for 10M2021
Prices on several main food products in Kazakhstan continue to lower
Agrarian sector of ‘smart village’ in Azerbaijan’s Zangilan to be combined modern urban planning – minister
Azerbaijan discloses project cost of agropark in Yevlakh (PHOTO)
Buy/sell operations at Iran Mercantile Exchange down
Saudi Arabia, France agree to strengthen cooperation
Biden, Putin to hold video call on Tuesday
India, Australia are natural economic partners, says Tony Abbott
Azerbaijan receives mine maps of its territories liberated from Armenian occupation
Erdogan discusses humanitarian aid with Red Crescent, Red Cross
Uzbekistan intends to increase dried fruit exports to China
No Omicron strain detected in Georgia - NCDC Head
Aligarh’s Areeba shoots to fame, breaks stereotypes about Muslim girls
Iran’s Bahar Azadi gold coin price skyrockets
Azerbaijan shares data on number of vaccinated citizens
Azerbaijan confirms 1,406 more COVID-19 cases, 1,787 recoveries
Tactical exercises held in Azerbaijan's commando military unit - MoD (PHOTO/VIDEO)
New composition of Supervisory Board of Azerbaijan Industrial Corporation approved
Iran reveals COVID-19 data for December 4
President Ilham Aliyev sends congratulations to heads of Thailand, Finland
France, Europeans working to open joint mission in Afghanistan - Macron
Ranking of natural gas importers from Azerbaijan
Uzbek Commodity and Raw Materials Exchange reveals volume of its transactions
SOCAR Georgia Gas announces tender on gas stations restoration
Iran eyes increase in passenger transportation via Yazd Shahid Sadooghi Airport
Azerbaijan reveals oil exports to Canada in 10M2021
Weekly review of main events in Azerbaijan's transport sector
Turkmenistan’s president approves anti-crisis program for 2022
Azerbaijan’s liberated territories have high potential for solar energy - RES agency
Weekly review of key events in Azerbaijan's ICT sector
Russian company to help automate, digitalize processes in Uzbek energy sector
Iran reaches increase in load/unload operations in Shahid Bahonar port
Top 10 Azerbaijani oil importers
MFA reveals reason why Armenia-Azerbaijan ministerial meeting didn't take place
Kazakhstan talks construction of wind power plants in Kostanay region
Azerbaijan achieves practical results to restore hydropower plants in liberated lands - agency's CEO
Azerbaijan’s metallurgical company notes increases in steel production over 9M2021
Iran also to be able to take advantage of Zangazur corridor – ex-Iranian ambassador to Azerbaijan
Russia-UAE trade turnover hits fresh all-time high surpassing $4 bln - Mishustin
Kazakhstan’s Almaty Power Plants to buy pumping, ventilation equipment via tender
Azerbaijan discloses oil exports to Ukraine over 10M2021
Azerbaijan unveils volume of oil exports to Belarus in first 10M2021
Georgian Railway shares updated report on income within 9M2021
Azerbaijan’s 10M2021 oil exports to UK revealed
Kazakhstan to timely fulfill its obligations under COP26 – PM
Azerbaijan opens investment tender to privatize Sumgayit Construction Service company
Iran finds way to supply its far north, north-east provinces with gas
Georgia releases COVID-19 data for December 4
LUKOIL Uzbekistan Operating LLC opens tender for supply of shut-off and control valves
Mikheil Saakashvili not to be treated abroad – Georgia's minister
Russia offers Azerbaijan to switch to barcoding for fruit, vegetables exports
Tripartite gas swap deal with Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, may help Iran kill two birds with one stone
Azerbaijan Mortgage and Credit Guarantee Fund issues record amount of loans in 10M2021
Goods movement across Azerbaijani-Russian border to be accelerated
Azerbaijani oil prices increase
Kazakhstan boosts trade with Romania over 9M2021
Weekly review of Azerbaijan's oil & gas sector
Weekly review of Azerbaijani precious metals market
Weekly review of Azerbaijani currency market
Treatment of servicemen injured in helicopter crash of Azerbaijan’s State Border Service continues
Turkey to support Azerbaijan in installing seismic stations in Karabakh
Iran aims to increase local solar power production
Gamaleya Center ready to accept state order for up to 10 mln sets of Sputnik M
Kazakhstan’s Intergas Central Asia to buy welding equipment via tender
Georgia’s export of oil products increases
India’s air defence gets a big boost, Russia starts delivery of S-400 missiles
India's defence procurement guided by national security interests: MEA
Uzbekistan shares domestic COVID-19 data for December 3
Iranian currency rates for December 4
Turkey's export product labeling changes
S.Korea reports record-high COVID-19 cases, deaths
Iran, China review cinematic cooperation
Georgia and Poland have potential for development of bilateral trade
Kyrgyzstan, Russia presidents hold telephone conversation
Japan PM Kishida likely to cancel U.S. visit due to Omicron
Militants kill at least 31 in central Mali, say local authorities
Tunisia confirms 1st case of Omicron variant infection
Turkey confirms 21,495 daily COVID-19 cases
France announces new travel restrictions
IMF chief says Omicron could dent global economic growth
France evacuates more than 300 people from Afghanistan
UK records more than 50,000 new coronavirus cases
Italy's economy projected to grow 6.3 pct this year
Kazakhstan decreases petroleum gas export to Hungary amid global pandemic
Militants kill 7 soldiers in Nigeria's northeastern Borno state
Iran nuclear talks adjourn, resume next week
South Africa hit by fourth COVID wave driven by Omicron
Budget for social rehabilitation and childcare to reach 52 mln GEL next year, Georgian PM says
Putin informs Erdogan on main results of Sochi trilateral meeting
Turkey introduces action plan to improve lives of the disabled
Construction of 50MW solar power plant underway in Kazakhstan
All news