Security Council gives Iran another 180 days for deliberation

MOSCOW. (RIA Novosti international commentator Pyotr Goncharov) - The UN Security Council has guaranteed immunity to Iran for another 180 days at the initiative of the Iranian Six (five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany) and with its full consensus. Such unanimity is quite rare. What stands behind it, and what will come next?

The foreign ministers of the Six issued a statement emphasizing that they favor both tougher sanctions and an early negotiated solution of the Iranian nuclear problem. While supporting tougher sanctions, the statement reads: "We remain committed to an early negotiated solution to the Iranian nuclear issue and reaffirm our commitment to a dual-track approach."

The statement has proved to be no less important than the Security Council resolution because contrary to the established opinion, the Iranian Six are not at all a negotiating mechanism. They are rather a tribunal investigating the Iranian nuclear file and passing a verdict of guilty or not guilty. The Security Council is playing the role of a jury, which only has to endorse a draft resolution proposed by the tribunal of the Six.

This time the Six was unanimous both on the carrot and stick, which is quite an achievement. Expressing serious concern over a possible military dimension of the Iranian nuclear program, the statement also notes the progress in Iran's cooperation with the UN nuclear monitor - the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). They emphasized that if Iran restores the world community's confidence in the peaceful character of its nuclear program, it will enjoy the same attitude as any other participant in the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

Security Council resolution #1803 is a third one in the last 14 months (the first one was adopted in late December 2006). The first two documents were adopted with an interval of three months, while the pause between the second and the current ones lasted for almost a year.

The resolution gives Tehran 90 days to comply with its demands. The demands are the same - Iran should stop all uranium-enrichment activities, including heavy water projects, and resume cooperation with the IAEA under the Additional Protocol.

Russian Ambassador to the UN Vitaly Churkin, currently the Chairman of the Security Council, has noted that the statement of the Six has new provisions that are giving Iran a chance to revise its position on the nuclear program. He emphasized that the new resolution is based on Article 41 of the UN Charter (ruling out the use of force), and provides for further sanctions exclusively within the same article in case Iran fails to comply with its demands.

In other words, in accordance with the established 90-day limit for the implementation of new requirements, Iran is guaranteed at least 180 days of easy life. It may have even more time, considering the last year's saga with a 90-day deadline.

Iran has made a dubious statement that the new resolution will primarily damage the interests of the European countries. However, Germany, Italy, France, Spain and Britain account for more than 40% of Iran's trade, and the Iranian economy is more dependent on commercial ties with the European countries, not the other way round. Most likely, Iran would be the hardest hit.

But will the European governments manage to control compliance of their companies with the demand to freeze business contacts with Iran? There were precedents when French and German companies obviated their governments' decisions. Judging by everything, this time Europe (not without warning from the Unites States) is going to crackdown on the domestic violators of sanctions.

Obviously, urging Iran to take part in negotiations, the Six has given it enough time to ponder over all cons and pros. Recently President Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy has been subjected to increasing criticism at home despite his serious warnings to dissidents. Iran may face serious problems if the United States pressures European countries into unilateral tough sanctions against it (without a Security Council resolution, Russia and China). This is quite a realistic scenario. The only question is when it will be carried out.

Having insisted on mild sanctions against Iran, Russia has called on Tehran to thoroughly analyze the statement of the Six. This document makes it clear that Iran has not alleviated concerns over the military nature of its nuclear program. There is no guarantee that in 180 days, Moscow will have convincing arguments in favor of further talks with Iran.

The opinions expressed in this article are the author's and do not necessarily represent those of Trend.

Hungarian-Uzbek investment projects to be implemented in food, agricultural sectors
Hungarian-Uzbek investment projects to be implemented in food, agricultural sectors
Number of construction enterprises, organizations in Uzbekistan up
Number of construction enterprises, organizations in Uzbekistan up
Construction of new water reservoirs in Uzbekistan to improve water supply of land areas
Construction of new water reservoirs in Uzbekistan to improve water supply of land areas
Loading Bars
Turkey continues to raise trade turnover with Azerbaijan
Ceyhan terminal’s oil transshipment from ACG nears 194 million barrels
Baku Metro switches to modern train control systems
Visits of citizens to liberated Azerbaijani territories still dangerous - ANAMA
Malaysia ready to assist in promotion of pilgrim tourism in Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan’s 10M2020 data on plastic cards revealed
Turkmenistan's natural gas reserves increased – Eni’s review
Time deposits value surges in Kazakhstan year-on-year
Iran's total rail transit up
Turkmenistan's oil reserves remain stable for several years – Eni’s review
Iran doubles budget for defense research projects
Georgia sees increase in hazelnuts export
Iran reveals its COVID-19 data for November 30
CNG can easily be used instead of gasoline in Iran
Chabahar - first Iranian port to attract foreign operators - PMO
Georgia decreases mobilizing funds in tax revenue
Russia increases ten-month value of chemical products import from Turkey
New apartments to be added to Azerbaijan's mortgage fund base
Number of enterprises put into operation in Iran's South Khorasan Province up
Georgia sees decrease in estimated real GDP
Dynamics of Azerbaijan’s oil production since 2000
Iran's Central Bank announces number of exchanged checks
Israel-Lebanon maritime border talks postponed, officials say
Azerbaijan to assign 'stars' to hotels given level of COVID-19 pandemic-related security
Cargo, passenger traffic via Turkish Adana Airport lowers in 10M2020
Iran reveals exports of mining products
Eni’s analysis on Azerbaijan’s oil reserves
Value of Iran's trade turnover with Syria announced
Value of Turkish chemical products exported to Turkmenistan up
OPEC+ to discuss extending oil cuts or gradually raising output
World oil reserves in Eni’s estimates
Azerbaijani credit guarantee fund reveals data on issued loans by its agent banks
Total assets of Azerbaijan's Mortgage and Credit Guarantee Fund revealed
Uzbekistan to introduce monitoring system for seismic geodynamic processes at oil & gas fields
Amount of COVID-19 cases increase in Georgia
OSCE shares experience in risk management of oil and gas infrastructure with Turkmenistan
Swiss bank to invest in modernization and technical equipment of UzAuto Motors
Expenses grow on construction of enterprises in Irans' Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province
Kazakhstan eyes launching production of plastic tractor spares
Iran unveils details of exports from Mazandaran Province
Azerbaijani MP talks creation of municipalities in liberated territories
Long-term loans for construction sector in Azerbaijan increase
Hungarian-Uzbek investment projects to be implemented in food, agricultural sectors
Operating profit to regulatory risk-weighted asset of Halyk Bank Georgia down
Update on construction of Tebinbulak mining, metallurgical complex in Uzbekistan
Israel increases imports of chemical products from Turkey
Romania ramps up ten-month value of chemical products import from Turkey
Iran declares details of exports via South Khorasan Province
Central Bank of Azerbaijan reveals last deposit auction's results
Kazakhstan, Israel trade down nearly twofold amid COVID-19
Baku Higher Oil School celebrates its 9th anniversary
Turkmenistan’s Turkmengas increases gasoline production
10M2020 value of Georgia's grains, legumes import from Turkey down
Capital of Iran's Nouri Petrochemical Company increased
Germany partial lockdown pushes more companies into short-time work
Turkey reveals October foreign trade turnover
Azerbaijan commissions Aghyokhush gold field (PHOTO)
Credit Suisse commercial property fund to liquidate amid big discount
Azerbaijan, Turkey plan MoU on natural gas transportation to Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
Kazakhstan applies corrections to capital budget
Azerbaijan to ink energy cooperation agreements with a number of countries in near future
Weekly review of Azerbaijan's oil market
Iran reveals data on foreign investments in Razavi Khorasan Province
One of upcoming OPEC+ meetings planned to be held in Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan’s freight transportation operator opens tender to buy petrol
Turkmenistan's private sector increasingly involved in raw cotton production
Azerbaijan worked out draft agreements on sale and purchase of electricity with Acwa Power, Masdar
China grants Tesla green light to start selling Shanghai-made Model Y SUV
Georgian Tera Bank sees decrease in impaired loans - Fitch Ratings
Azerbaijan’s electricity generation increased by almost 40% over last 10 years
Southern Gas Corridor to open new opportunities for region’s countries to bring their energy resources to world markets
Commissioning works being completed at Turkmenistan’s Malay field
Construction at Khudaferin and Giz Galasi hydro-junctions nearing completion
'Stars' assigned to Azerbaijani hotels to be recognized on int'l platforms - Azerbaijan Hotel Association
Gold, silver prices in Azerbaijan down
Iran’s NICICO enlarges copper production
Ukraine working on ensuring food security and stability in Uzbek market
Turkish company to take part in ASAN Service projects
Leading the Way, Leading the World : Prime Minister Modi Inspires India to Become Pharmacy of the World
Uzbekistan boosts import of grain and legumes from Turkey
Britain bans new Huawei 5G kit installation from September 2021
Azerbaijan hikes percentage of cars import from Turkey in October
Iran's Karun Petrochemical Company discloses amount of its savings
Energy Minister: One of key goals is to ensure effective use of resources in Azerbaijan's liberated lands (INTERVIEW)
Azerbaijani currency rates for Nov. 30
Number of patients recovered from COVID-19 in Uzbekistan passes 70,000
UAE, Afghanistan buy Turkmen-made gasoline
Design work to build new highway in liberated Azerbaijani territories starts (Exclusive)
Iranian currency rates for November 30
Oil prices slip in cautious trade ahead of OPEC+ meet
Azerbaijan's ANAMA continues demining road to liberated Sugovushan settlement (PHOTOS)
Iran boosts exports via Kerman Province
Iran to prepare agricultural plan for Gilan and Mazandaran provinces
Azerbaijan’s liberation of its territories to revive historical Silk Road – Turkish Grand National Assembly
Azerbaijan’s Aghdam sometimes called "Hiroshima of Caucasus" - France-24 (VIDEO)
Brazil surpasses 6.3 million COVID-19 cases
Malaria death toll to exceed COVID-19's in sub-Saharan Africa: WHO
New Zealand regulator charges 13 parties over White Island eruption tragedy
Daily COVID-19 case count drops to 794 in Kazakhstan
Solar panel power plant launched in Iran's Fars Province
All news