Syria Recovers Lebanon not by War, But Diplomacy: TrendNews Commentator

Ulviyya Sadigova, commentator of Near East Service of Trend

The voluntary cooperation of the Lebanese government with the pro-Syrian Hezbollah and restoration of relations with Damascus are probably results of the Beirut's surrender of its positions in the long-lasting struggle for the independent political life.

In 2005, Lebanon, while enjoying full support of its friends from Old World, openly accused Syria of the murder of the Lebanese Premier Rafik Hariri. Damascus had to do nothing, but pull out its forces from Lebanon and gave up getting interfering in the political life of this country. At that time it was imminent for Syria as it also suffered from international isolation for decades.

Lebanon, once small province of Syria, feeling the long-expected freedom from the importunate neighbor, openly demonstrated its commitment to the western policy.

However, the current events in the Syrian-Lebanon frontier show that Damascus only granted a respite to Beirut by demonstrating its power over it.

Seeing US's seizing Near East regions one by one, Syria understands that the US forces will soon be quite near Lebanon.

Damascus once again fall back into its old ways and there was fierce fighting between the week pro-western government and well-armed Shiite groupings led by Hezbollah, right hand man of Syria in the region who established a government within a government.

Following Doha agreement in May and signing of ceasefire agreement within the Lebanon, Michel Suleiman became president of Lebanon. He understood that even if West was weaker than Hezbollah, he changed his attitude toward Damascus. Though earlier the ceasefire agreement between the parties was expected to be simple, the Syrian government felt the weakness and uncertainty of the Lebanese leader and began to take steps immediately. But this time Syria acted more accurate and not abruptly. The Mediterranean Union, which turned out to be favorable for Syria served as a good pretext for the new political game in Lebanon. Later, Presidents of Lebanon and Syria Michel Suleiman and Bashar Asad held a meeting. The Lebanese leader who could not find a reason to openly express his sympathy for Damascus, at last could find one to call Bashar Asad "his brother" and to accept truce plan offered by Syria and he could also mention that only diplomatic relations were restored.

Syria also took appropriate steps. With the help of its main leverage in Lebanon - Hezbollah it demonstrated pro-western Lebanese politicians that only "the party of Allah" can win over the common enemy in the region, that is Israel. The proof is the exchange of captives of war in unequal numbers between Hezbollah and Israel in July 2008. Lebanon marked a holiday, but not in honor of President of Prime Minister, but in honor of Hezbollah.

The fragile Lebanese government understands the correlation of powers and gives Hezbollah a right to get armed. In fact, it means shift of the armed forces in the country to the pro-Syrian groupings. In other words, Hezbollah can independently carry out military policy in the region where the presence of Damascus is not ruled out.

At the same time Syria understands that the open actions can frighten Lebanese politicians who strongly relied on West after 2005, therefore it acts carefully. Earlier Asad invited Suleiman to Damascus and offered to exchange ambassadors. The Lebanese President did not want to repeat the mistake of his predecessors and accepted this offer. The other reason for this can serve the fact that the government of Suleiman can be easily overthrown which will lead to the civil within the country. Therefore, the Lebanese President was obliged to accept truce with Damascus and to retain his post.

One can say that Syria gained the upper hand. But not with the help of arms and clashes, but by means of diplomacy in conformance with the current international policy.

On the other hand, the restoration of relations with Syria is favorable for Lebanon as well. Only in this case it can be sure that its security is in reliable hands, even if in not that of local government. Beirut made sure that it is weaker than Syria who has strong allies as Iran and Russia which can be proved by the last visit of Asad to Moscow and purchase of arms from Russia.

Moreover, if three years ago Syria did not have any relations with West, not it establishes relations with Europe even successfully. Therefore, one can not say that in case of truce with Syria, Lebanon will loss ties with West. On the contrary, Europe will wish Syrian presence in Lebanon where access was blocked earlier.

Therefore, Beirut has only two ways out: truce with Syria and calm life or constant political destabilization.

Now Damascus is not likely to openly interfere with the internal affairs of Lebanon.

Now Syria has gained a chance to repair an omission in its relations with West while not surrendering its positions in Near East.

The correspondent can be contacted at: trend@trend.az

Salehi: There’s no problem for Iran to fulfill its nuclear obligations
Salehi: There’s no problem for Iran to fulfill its nuclear obligations
Iranian official: neither side fulfills their obligations in nuclear deal
Iranian official: neither side fulfills their obligations in nuclear deal
Iran Atomic Energy Organization to enrich stable isotopes in cooperation with Russia
Iran Atomic Energy Organization to enrich stable isotopes in cooperation with Russia
Loading Bars
Latest
Finland, Norway and Sweden announce wider military cooperation
Singapore to permit more people back to workplace in easing COVID-19 control measures
Money transfers from Azerbaijan to Russia down in 2Q2020
Vaezi: Legal proceedings underway to receive South Korea's debts
Turkmenistan to help Afghanistan complete railway to Tajikistan border
Exports of knitwear from Georgia to Turkey down
Kazakhstan raises chemicals import from Turkey
Mali risks 'economic paralysis' from post-coup embargo: trade group
New residents in Azerbaijan’s Balakhani Industrial Park
Georgia slightly ups import of grain, legumes from Turkey
Iran, Russia seeking to expand scientific cooperation
Italy's goods export to Kazakhstan down twofold
Anglo Asian Mining increases payments to shareholders
Uzbekistan slightly reduces imports of leather goods from Turkey
Chairman of State Duma of Federal Assembly of Russia talks Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity (PHOTO)
Get rewarded with Azercell!
Chairman of Public Organization of Udi people thanks Azerbaijan
Agricultural production up in Azerbaijan’s Nakhchivan
Iran's plan to develop paddy fields fails, farmers demand compensation
Iranian trucks carrying tomatoes stuck at Pakistani border
Saudi Arabia explores wind potential in Uzbekistan
Azerbaijan to purchase COVID-19 vaccine
Iran to develop power cooperation with Afghanistan
Iranian Energy Exchange announces products to be on sale September 26
IranAir to resume flights to Germany after several months
Volume of cargo movement through Azerbaijani ports increases
Iran discloses volume of wheat purchased in Ardabil Province
Energy Community: 2020 - remarkable year in terms of Georgia's ability to continue on its reform path
Iran to announce decisive decisions on combating COVID-19
Kazakhstan taking measures to increase railway border stations capacities
Tesla expects approval for battery cells plant in Berlin
UK Brexit border delays 'likely to worsen' in January
Georgia sees decrease in car re-exports
Import of Turkish clothes by Iran plunges
Iran’s Bahar Azadi gold coin price continues to rise
Parliament speaker: Azerbaijani people to never allow creation of second Armenian state on their territory (PHOTO)
Azerbaijan confirms 173 more COVID-19 recoveries
Oil accounts for major part of exports from Azerbaijan to Croatia, says ministry
Volume of gas consumption in Iran revealed
Austrian OMV oil company to start gas exploration in Georgia
EAEU countries increase export of dairy products to Turkmenistan
Kazakhstan’s Oil Construction Company to buy pipes via tender
All activities for Ionian Adriatic Pipeline postponed: Croatian Ministry
Turkey's clothes export to Uzbekistan slumps
Russia eyes to build nuclear power plant in Uzbekistan
Vladimir Putin: Increase of excess income tax rates is justified step
Extraction plan for Iran's South Pars gas field determined
Azerbaijan, ADB discuss prospects for expanding cooperation (PHOTO)
Iran to begin studies related to Sanandaj-Bashmakh route
Kazakhstan Railways opens tender to buy electric generators
Review of dairy products exported by Georgia to Azerbaijan
Israel's Mobileye, Dubai's Habtoor partner on self-driving cars
Georgia exports first batch of honey to Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan developing vaccination strategy against coronavirus
Auction on placement of Azerbaijani Central Bank's short-term notes held
ADB talks opportunities for financing of projects in Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan's crude oil exports to Netherlands surge in 1H2020
Turkmen company plans to cover domestic demand for viscose thread
Volume of lending in Azerbaijan’s Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic increases
Volume of maritime cargo transshipment from S.Korea via Turkey detailed
Ukrainian International Airlines FlyUIA announces flights to Georgia
Kazakhstan's passenger cars export value to Azerbaijan revealed
Turkmen company for polypropylene production thread revealed export volumes
Turkish BOTAS discloses volume of oil shipment from Ceyhan terminal
Iran declares volume of areas put into operation in agricultural parks
Revenues of Azerbaijani Nakhchivan's mobile communication operators up
Speaker of Azerbaijani Parliament: Armenian PM's statements undermine international efforts for peaceful settlement of Karabakh conflict
Georgia's import of tubes, pipes, hollow profiles from Turkey up
Turkmenistan’s Turkmennebit exceeds volume of oil production
Non-cash payments getting increasingly popular in Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan’s QAZAQ AIR resuming flights on more domestic routes
Foreign trade turnover of Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan grows
Iran imports flu vaccine as possible medicine against COVID-19
Paris Eiffel tower evacuated
World GDP spent on energy to be halved by 2050
RAEX: Structural reforms in public sector of Uzbekistan’s economy to support the economic development
AZAL launches special flights to Ankara and Antalya
Turkey remains main importer of flours, meals, pellets from Georgia
Ways for decarbonizing operations of oil & gas companies
China's import of ready-made clothing from Turkey spikes
Geostat reveals volume of ferroalloys exported by Georgia to Turkey
Construction of Ashgabat-Turkmenabat highway continues
Asian Development Bank expanding support program in Azerbaijan
Oil & gas industry to become world’s carbon waste disposal agent
Number of people infected with coronavirus (COVID-19) in Iran exceeds 430,000
Georgians traveling to Estonia to be obliged to go through 14-day self-isolation
Value of exports from Iran’s Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province climbs
GDP data of Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan revealed
Georgia reveals volume of fish exported to Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan's State Service on Property Issues to put up several enterprises for auction
Iran reveals details of exports from Yazd Province
Georgia reduces import of medicaments from Turkey
Iran threatens to exit from NPT and JCPOA
Precious metal prices in Azerbaijan down
Iran's Shazand Oil Refining Company opens tender to buy equipment
Mayor of Israeli city: Azerbaijan no doubt very tolerant country
Russia increases volume of cement imports from Turkey
Iran discloses amount of currency returned to country economy
Bulgarian MEP: Azerbaijani oil, gas pipelines strongly contribute to pan-European energy security
SOCAR Energoresource, Tyumen Oblast ink agreement on socio-economic cooperation
All news