Gathering garbage in Tehran costs annually $150 mln
Baku, Azerbaijan, Nov.9
By Umid Niayesh - Trend:
Gathering the garbage in Iran's capital city of Tehran annually costs about $150 million (based on official rate of 26,725 rials per each USD), head of Tehran City Council Health Committee Rahmatollah Hafezi said.
"Despite the high expenses the cleanliness situation of the capital city is not satisfactory," Hafezi said, the Islamic Republic's Mehr news agency reported Nov. 9.
Over 8000 metric tons of municipal wastes are produced in Tehran every day of which about 70 percent are wet wastes, according to the Tehran Municipality officials.
Per capita garbage production in Iran's capital is approximately 820 grams/day.
Tehran's garbage amounts to approximately 70 percent of the total waste produced in Iran.
The municipality of Tehran is responsible for the waste management of the city, the waste is mainly landfilled in three centers in Tehran, with a small part of it usually recycled or processed as compost.
An informal sector in Tehran is also active in collecting recyclable materials from solid waste.
Mohammad Fayyaz, Managing Director of Waste Management Organization of Tehran, said that 5 percent of Tehran wastes are valuable, 45 percent should be wasted and 50 percent could be converted into compost.
Fayyaz also said that the country will be able to generate electricity for 200,000 people through launching a system which produces energy from garbage.
The system is to be used for the first time in Tehran, and works with the steam of the well's fermentation.
According to Fayyaz, the wet waste which has already been buried used to make the environment polluted, but they will be fermented in 20-40 days and their biogas will be changed to power.
The system can generate one Megawatt power from each 100 metric tons of garbage, and is able to make power for 200,000 people using 5000 metric tons of waste produced in Tehran, he added.