Agriculture in Azerbaijan (2015)

2015 has been declared in Azerbaijan as a year of agriculture. Amid using the regime of economy of budget expenditures on a global scale, an increase in state support for agricultural development in the country and an expansion in its scope were observed during this period. The country's measures taken in 2015 for the development of agriculture will contribute to the qualitative development of Azerbaijan's agricultural sector in the future to fully provide the country with the necessary product.

The agricultural production volume in actual prices amounted to 5.64 billion manat in Azerbaijan in 2015 or by 6.6 percent more compared to 2014. According to the Azerbaijani State Statistics Committee's report, during this period the livestock production increased by 2.5 percent (2.874 billion manat), crop production - by 11.3 percent (2.761 billion manat).

During this period, some 2.79 million tons of grain were collected from a 915,100-hectare-territory in Azerbaijan, which is 28 percent more than in 2014. On average, some 30.4 centners of products were collected from each hectare. In general, the yield increased by 7.6 centners.

Some 213,100 tons of corn were collected from a 35,900-hectare-territory. Thus, the average yield per hectare increased by 5 centners and reached 59.2 centners compared to 2014. Thus, 56.3 percent of grain cultivated in 2015 accounted for wheat (1.687 million tons), 7.1 percent - corn (213,100 tons).

During the reporting period, some 839,800 tons of potatoes, 1.27 million tons of vegetables, 484,500 tons of melons and gourds were harvested in Azerbaijan that respectively 2.5, 7.2 and 9.9 percent more than in 2014.

The average potato yield per hectare was 136 centners, vegetables - 158 centners, melons and gourds - 174 centners increasing by 3, 6 and 17 percent respectively compared to 2014.

Some 886,300 tons of fruits and berries, 157,000 tons of grapes, and 578.9 tons of tea were collected in the country in 2015 or by 4.2, 6.3 and 22.1 percent more than in 2014.

Tobacco production growth was observed. Thus, some 3,500 tons of dry tobacco leaves were collected in 2015, which is 21.3 percent more than in 2014.

During the reporting period some 18,900 tons of sunflower were collected, which is 6.9 percent less than in 2014. Some 35,000 tons of raw cotton were harvested compared to 41,000 tons in 2014.

production, thousand tons

Productivity centners / hectare

2015

2014

2015/2014,%

2015

2014

2015/2014,%

grain (including corn)

2999,0

2383,3

125,8

31,5

24,0

131,3

wheat

1687,7

1449,1

116,5

31,3

24,0

130,4

corn

213,1

203,6

104,7

59,2

54,2

109,2

cotton

35,0

41,0

85,4

18,7

17,9

104,5

tobacco

3,5

2,9

121,3

25,4

25,8

98,4

sunflower

18,9

20,3

93,1

17,6

17,0

103,5

sugar beet

186,1

175,1

106,3

380

309

123,0

potato

839,8

819,3

102,5

136

133

102,3

vegetables

1273,3

1187,7

107,2

158

152

103,9

melons and gourds

484,5

440,9

109,9

174

157

110,8

fruits

886,3

850,8

104,2

71,3

72,0

99,0

grape

157,0

147,7

106,3

86,2

82,5

104,5

tea

578,9

474,3

122,1

12,3

10,1

121,8

Source: State Statistics Committee

The autumn-winter field work was completed successfully. Some 1.045 million hectares were plowed to get the harvest in 2016. Some 944,600 hectares (90.4 percent) were sown for grain and green fodder. A ​​927,400 hectare-area (98.2 percent) was sown for cereals. Some 583,000 hectares (62.9 percent) accounted for wheat, 344,400 hectares (37.1 percent) - barley.

According to the State Statistics Committee, the areas sown for wheat and barley increased by 8.5 and 1.8 percent respectively compared to 2014.

During the reporting period some 515,600 tons of meat in live weight, 1.92 million tons of milk, 1.54 billion pieces of eggs and 17,000 tons of wool were produced. Meat production y increased by two percent, milk - by 3.7 percent, wool - by 1.4 percent, the production of eggs decreased by 1.5 percent in the country in 2015.

The reason for the reduction in egg production in the country is a drop in egg production at large poultry farms. As a result of the rise in prices on feed and medicines for chickens, old chickens were replaced by young birds at most of farms. Some farms began producing only chicken meat. As a result, the share of agricultural enterprises producing eggs declined from 45.1 in 2014 to 41.3 percent in 2015.

As of early 2016, there were 2,708,500 heads of cattle in the livestock sector of Azerbaijan, including 1,303,100 million cows and buffaloes, 8,674,800 sheep and goats and 5,077 pigs.

Cattle in Azerbaijan as of January, 1 2016, thousand of heads:

2015

2014

2015 /2014, %

cattle

2708,5

2697,5

100,4

including:

cows and buffaloes

1303,1

1299,2

100,3

sheep and goats

8674,8

8645,4

100,3

pigs

5077

6143

82,6

Thus, the production in the agro-industrial complex increased by 7.4 percent in 2015 - from 5.432 billion manat to 5.834 billion manat, mainly due to the growth of agriculture. The fall in the fishing industry exceeded 2.3 percent - from 0.195 to 0.190 billion manat. Forestry was very dynamic, increasing by 6.9 percent - from 11.7 to 12.5 million manat. The cash flow was low there.

Actual cost of products of agricultural, forestry, fishery and hunting farms in Azerbaijan, thousand manat:

2015

2014

In general, farms, including

5837947,6

5432069,6

Agricultural household

5635290,1

5225769,5

Forestry

12523,9

11716,8

Fishery

190133,6

194583,3

Source: State Statistics Committee

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