PKK and Syrian "revolution"

Commentary Materials 16 August 2011 09:59 (UTC +04:00)
Despite expectations for stabilization of the situation in Syria with the onset of Ramadan, the events have proved once again that neither the government nor the people are going to make concessions to each other.
PKK and Syrian "revolution"

Rufiz Hafizoglu, head of the Middle East desk of Trend
Despite expectations for stabilization of the situation in Syria with the onset of Ramadan, the events have proved once again that neither the government nor the people are going to make concessions to each other.

Exactly, in the first days of Ramadan, the clashes between the army and demonstrators in the city of Hama, which is considered a symbol of rebellion in Syria, killed 145 people.

To protest the event taking place in Syria, the Persian Gulf countries - Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Bahrain have withdrawn their ambassadors from the country. Despite that Turkey, unlike those countries, took steps towards resolving the problem, it yielded no effect.

The Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's word "our patience is over" was understood as Ankara's quick military intervention in the events in Syria. However, Ankara has limited to a message for Damascus, passed through the Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmed Davutoglu.

Before Davutoglu's visit to Syria, Bashar al-Assad's spokesman Buseyna Shaban said that Ankara will be given a sharp message. Official Damascus's making such a statement, of course, tells about the revitalization of the PKK terrorists in the territory of Syria against Turkey.

It was well understood by Damascus, Ankara, as well as Tehran, which considers Syria its block-post, and thus provides the Assad regime every support. The full difference of events taking place in Syria from the situation in other Arab countries, as well as a clash of interests of the West, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Turkey and Iran here make the settlement of the problem more difficult.

The interests of those states in Syria both coincide and differ at some points. The interests of two states - Iran and partially Israel - coincide in the events taking place in Syria.
With regards to the interests of Iran in this country, it is clear that through the Syrian corridor, it supports the Hezbollah in Lebanon, which is a state within a state. In addition, the regime change in Syria and withdrawal of this part of the "Shiite crescent" from Tehran's control will cause the weakening of Iran in the region.

With regards to Tel Aviv in this issue, the formation of a new political elite in Syria with unknown purposes does not serve the interests of Israel, who has enough "immunity" towards the Assad regime. Al-Assad has not taken significant steps in the Golan Heights issue.

With regards to the interests of Saudi Arabia and Turkey, both countries are interested in a speedy change of the Assad regime. But the activity of Ankara on this issue goes beyond the interests of Saudi Arabia, because it is assumed that the Syrian political parties, which will be created after the overthrow of the Assad regime, will elect and accept the Turkish model.

If the Turkish model is applied in Syria after the regime of Bashar al-Assad, it will much strengthen Turkey's role in the region. Despite that the events in Syria are directed against the country's president Bashar al-Assad, it influenced Lebanon as well.

The fact that the leader of "Hezbollah" Hassan Nasrallah, who is constantly leading the fight against tyranny and is considered by many Muslims as a symbol of the struggle against Israel, did not react to what is happening in Syria, was a blow to authority of the "legendary leader" and before the overthrow of the regime of Bashar al-Assad, "Hezbollah" was overthrown in the hearts of believers.

On the backdrop of events in Syria, there was also unexpected, but very important event for Turkey. So, during the special operation of the Iranian army on the Iran-Iraq border, was arrested the leader of the terrorist organization PKK Murat Karayilan, about which Anadolu state news agency reported with reference to the Iranian FARS news agency.

Although the official circles in Turkey and Iran have not confirmed the information about the arrest of PKK leader Karayilan, who turned into a headache for Turkey and is able to at any moment cause a serious blow to the internal stability of this country, many political observers believe the news is true.

Ankara and Tehran's denial of this fact tells that both countries benefit from the arrest of Karayilan as a bargaining object in the Syrian issue.

Most likely, with the arrest of the PKK leader, Iran will put Ankara before a choice in the Syrian issue. And Turkey's choice will be clear in the coming days.