Vienna, Austria, May 3
By Ilaha Khalilova, Anakhanum Idayatova
It is obvious that the way the UN Security Council is working now is not optimal, it needs to be reformed, Michael Moller, director-general of the United Nations Office at Geneva, said in an exclusive interview with Trend.
Moller was answering a question on Armenia's non-fulfillment of four UN resolutions on the withdrawal of troops from the occupied territories of Azerbaijan.
"We are trying to reform the UN for the last 25 years but we are not going very far," he said. "All countries and partners must deal with this issue."
"Azerbaijan has to resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict locally," he added. "It is not good to say that someone has to come and resolve this problem."
"A dialogue and a diplomatic solution are required while resolving such conflicts," he said. "This problem has no military solution."
Moller also stressed Azerbaijan's important role in the creation of an intercultural dialogue.
Moller added that Azerbaijan is actively working in the field of creating a dialogue among cultures and religions, which is an essential element in today's world.
"I can only applaud Azerbaijan's efforts in this direction."
He said that a dialogue among civilizations is an essential element in the promotion of peace and security.
The conflict between the two South Caucasus countries began in 1988 when Armenia made territorial claims against Azerbaijan. As a result of the ensuing war, in 1992 Armenian armed forces occupied 20 percent of Azerbaijan, including the Nagorno-Karabakh region and seven surrounding districts. The 1994 ceasefire agreement was followed by peace negotiations. Armenia has not yet implemented four UN Security Council resolutions on withdrawal of its armed forces from the Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding districts.