Historian: January pogroms in Baku committed by Armenian nationalists at behest of Soviet Union's leadership

Historian: January pogroms in Baku committed by Armenian nationalists at behest of Soviet Union's leadership

BAKU, Azerbaijan, Jan. 13

Trend:

From year to year, the Armenian propaganda campaign continues to impose on the world community a far-fetched version of the events of January 1990, and the pogroms in Baku and Sumgayit, which allegedly provoked a massacre of Armenians, Rizvan Huseynov, Director of the Center of Caucasian History, told Trend.

In this sense, this year was no exception in the Armenian media, the renowned Azerbaijani historian said, adding that falsifying historical facts, Armenians have launched an anti-Azerbaijani campaign in an attempt to mislead the world community again.

"When the Armenian side begins to talk about the pogroms in Baku in January 1990, then it is apparently lying because these very events were preceded by a whole series of tragic events and provocations that cannot be kept in disguise," Huseynov noted.

"If they talk about the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict, then we must return to the events in 1987-88, when the first pogroms and expulsions of Azerbaijanis from the territory of Armenia began. It was at that time that atrocities were committed in Kapan, in Gugark and other regions of Armenia, where Azerbaijanis were brutally expelled or killed. It was the first wave of refugees from the end of 1987 and the beginning of 1988 that flooded the streets of Azerbaijan's large cities - Baku, Sumgayit, Ganja and others, when destitute people became a kind of first catalyst for the events that led to the development of the Karabakh conflict," said the historian.

"It was 100-percent provocation by the Soviet KGB, which was carried out by the hands of nationalists, and in particular - party leaders, heads of police, districts, prosecutors - in a word, dignitaries of Armenia who participated in the expulsion of Azerbaijanis and thereby inspired the Armenian nationalists to these atrocities," he added.

“The USSR witnessed the picture; and the Gorbachev leadership actually provoked all these events, forcing the Azerbaijani side to take retaliatory measures,” said Huseynov. “Thus, these dispossessed people appeared in Azerbaijan’s Sumgait city as well, where, not without the support of the State Security Committee, everything was done not to let the city leadership and law enforcement agencies to act.”

“At that time, somehow, in anticipation of the Sumgait events, a huge group of criminal masterminds from all over the USSR appeared there,” the historian noted. “Who brought them is also understandable, since without an allied leadership this operation wouldn’t have succeeded. As a result, the city was paralyzed, after which there were riots led by Armenian Eduard Grigoryan, his brothers and other Armenians.”

“Nationalists beat, killed and raped the Armenians, and the purpose of this provocation was to justify the further occupation of Azerbaijani territories and large-scale aggression against the Azerbaijani people,” Huseynov said.

The historian reminded that literally immediately after the Sumgait events, a biased anti-Azerbaijani campaign was launched in the Soviet and foreign media to denigrate Azerbaijan.

“They tried to represent the Azerbaijani people as a monster, to attribute all the atrocities exclusively to the Azerbaijani people, while initially all this monstrous provocation was launched by Armenia, in particular, by the Armenian State Security Committee and the nationalists of this country,” Huseynov noted.

“Following this, the events inNagorno- Karabakh began to develop in a more dangerous way, rallies and riots by the Armenian separatists in Karabakh started,” said the historian. “The Armenian separatists sought to separate Nagorno-Karabakh from Azerbaijan, hostilities began, and all these events caused fair indignation of the Azerbaijani people.”

“Amid the complete inaction of the then Azerbaijani leadership, the situation was menacing,” Huseynov said. “As a result, a great part of the Azerbaijani intelligentsia came to the conclusion that it was necessary for Azerbaijan to gain independence to save its sovereignty and territorial integrity as the Soviet leadership of the Azerbaijan Republic was unable to do this.”

“In fact, the national liberation movement has started since 1988,” the scholar added. “The peak of this movement was the subsequent events of January 1990. While realizing the seriousness of the events, the Soviet Union Center again provoked the so-called riots of Armenians to justify sending of a huge contingent of the Soviet troops to Baku. Thus, a war was declared to the Soviet city of Baku. A contingent of troops, comparable to the contingent of the Soviet troops sent to Afghanistan during the war, was sent to Baku. The war against the Azerbaijani people was unambiguously declared.”

“This is the reality,” Huseynov said. “Therefore, if the current Armenian media outlets, journalists and the Armenian leadership do not realize that there were forces, in which the Armenian provocateurs and nationalists played a big role, trying to stop the national liberation movement in Azerbaijan, then they are simply blind. In this situation, Armenia attempted to prevent Azerbaijan to gain independence.”

“As a result, the 'Karabakh map' was used to turn the national liberation movement into an interethnic conflict, and the goal was partially achieved,” the scholar said. “Nevertheless, the Azerbaijani people eventually gained independence. I think that this period, which turned into disorder and riots followed by the January 20 tragedy, is the chain of provocations of the Armenian side and the Soviet Union Center aimed at undermining the national liberation movement in Azerbaijan.”

---

Follow the author on Twitter: @MatanatNasibova

Iran to pursue import-substitution policy
Iran to pursue import-substitution policy
Iran attracts foreign investments in Qazvin province's industrial towns
Iran attracts foreign investments in Qazvin province's industrial towns
Iran reaches self-sufficiency in wheat production
Iran reaches self-sufficiency in wheat production
Loading Bars
Latest
China, U.S. to review trade deal, air other grievances on August 15: sources
At least 4 killed as storm Isaias batters U.S. East Coast
Lebanon’s military council declares Beirut a disaster-stricken city
Trump says Beirut explosion seems to be 'bomb of some kind,' cites generals
Massive blast rips through Beirut, killing 78 and injuring thousands (VIDEO) (UPDATE)
Those responsible for Beirut 'catastrophe' will 'pay price': PM
Eleven more coronavirus patients die in Moscow in past day — crisis center
Erdogan: Turkey stands with Lebanon amid blast in Beirut
Number of COVID-2019 cases across globe up by nearly 220,000 in past day — WHO
Beirut port blast was equivalent to 4.5-magnitude earthquake — seismologists
EU imports of electric and hybrid cars increase significantly in 2019
189 new COVID-19 cases reported in UAE, 61,352 in total
Indonesia eyes production of 250 million doses a year of coronavirus vaccine
Half-year cargo movement from Portugal via Turkish ports revealed
Turkey's health minister warns of rise in daily new COVID-19 cases
Lebanese Kataeb party leader killed in Beirut blast
EU energy sector sees 3.3 pct rise in industrial producer prices
Africa's COVID-19 cases near 970,000
Kazakh COVID-19 vaccine developers test it on themselves
A weekend of fires guts forests in western Turkish cities of Manisa and Izmir
Rouhani introduces new industry minister to Parl.
Lebanese PM’s family and advisers hurt in blast in Beirut
White House says U.S. tracking explosion in Beirut closely
Highly-skilled Chinese doctors arrive in Baku to help fight COVID-19 (FOTO)
EU, FAO assist Georgian eco-migrant in expanding his broccoli farm
Poland interested in dev’t of co-op with Turkmenistan in transport sector
Volumes of six-month cargo shipment from Greece via Turkish ports announced
Turkey reveals data on half-year cargo shipment from Egypt via its ports
Turkish university opens tender to purchase electricity
Azerbaijani MPs to observe presidential elections in Belarus
Iran to pursue import-substitution policy
Subsidiary of Powerchina company awarded contract to reconstruct Georgian highway
Cargo shipment from Israel via Turkish ports for 1H2020 revealed
Turkey announces figures for 1H2020 cargo shipment from Georgia via its ports
Georgia holds working meeting on study of COVID-19 management and impact
Export of Kazakh-made goods to Australia skyrockets
Equipment for farmers to be registered in Azerbaijan
Swiss train manufacturing company Stadler Rail to set up plant in Georgia
Azerbaijan's State Social Protection Fund to lower expenses
Japan invests in Azerbaijan's agriculture
Iran attracts foreign investments in Qazvin province's industrial towns
Uzbekistan's coal production decreases mildly in 1H2020
SOCAR Construction eyes participation in Belarusian main oil pipeline project
Turkmenistan to receive EBRD loan to address legacy of oil production activities
Minister: Azerbaijan's payment balance affected by COVID-19 pandemic-hit global economy
Georgian Caviar works to reduce share of imported caviar in Georgian market
Azerbaijan confirms 588 new COVID-19 recoveries
Iran reaches self-sufficiency in wheat production
SOCAR discloses August plans for Baku-Novorossiysk
UK's activity at Turkmen State Commodity Exchange in July 2020 disclosed
Turkey reveals volume of Italian cargo transshipment via its ports amid COVID-19 pandemic
Export volume of Georgia's Margebeli Holding down
Uzbekistan slightly increases cement production
Volume of 1H2020 cargo transshipment from Spain via Turkish ports announced
Google Cloud prepares for Black Friday 'peak on top of peak'
Growth in Azerbaijan's budget deficit to be covered
Uzbekistan, Russia sign agreement on cooperation in cybersecurity
Turkey purchases base oils, cotton yarn at Turkmen State Commodity Exchange
Pension Agency reveals amount of funds accumulated in Georgia's pension fund
Mexico's El Universal publishes article about Armenia's recent military provocation against Azerbaijan
Pay with Mastercard in Bravo and drive out your new Lexus. (PHOTO)
TABIB comments on reported lack of tests to detect coronavirus cases in Azerbaijan
Uzbek-Korean JV opens tender to buy high-temperature fiber
Iran to increase petrochemical production
Incomes, expenses of State Oil Fund of Azerbaijan revised
Turkmenistan to complete removing of top foliage in cotton
Kazakhstan's VTB bank increases concessional lending to SMEs
Uzbekistan to set state duty for industrial hemp cultivation
Turkish ministry discloses 1H2020 volume of oil transportation through local ports
Kazakh-Chinese company to buy spare parts for compressors via tender
Azerbaijan's Chamber of Auditors prepares draft amendments to tax, civil codes
Insurance reserves of Azerbaijan’s Ipek Yolu insurance company sharply grow
Turkish Ministry of Education to rent vehicles through tender
Azerbaijan's state budget revenues for 2020 announced
Rekan Group has big plans for real estate, tourism markets of Georgia
Azerbaijani president, first VP view works to be done in new forest type park in Yasamal district (PHOTO)
Turkey increases trade with Azerbaijan since early 2020
Azerbaijan's Qala Hayat raises insurance reserves
Kazakhstan's coal industry displaying positive dynamics despite COVID-19
Azerbaijan purchases equipment to support production of medical masks during COVID-19 (ФОТО)
Poland considers Turkmenistan important partner in energy sector
Iranian government to barter debts of private companies
Fuel oil prices plummet in Kazakhstan amid COVID-19
Hyundai Engineering eyeing modernizing heating network in Uzbekistan's Quvasoy
Ambassador: Georgia needs thoughtful marketing strategy to enter Japanese market
Sale of US dollar by State Oil Fund of Azerbaijan at currency auctions up in July 2020
BP PETROLLERİ A.S. lowers petroleum products’ sales in Turkey
Russia remains major exporter of fertilizers to Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan aims to expand water supply to regions lacking water resources
Uzbekistan's Shurtan Gas Chemical Complex increases polyethylene exports
Uzbekistan may face prices increase for major consumer goods
Iran's agriculture sector requires more financial support
Uzbekistan increases polyethylene production
Uzbekistan increases production of dry wine
Turkmenistan imports dyes from Russia
Volume of ammonium nitrate transshipment via Turkish ports in 1H2020 disclosed
Georgia develops safety protocol for foreign observers in October elections
Turkmenistan to receive medical cargo from UAE
Prices of Azerbaijani oil continue edging up
Uzbekistan increases export of red beans to Afghanistan despite pandemic
All news