Trend commentator: Kazakhstan-Azerbaijan-Georgia Energy Corridor has great prospects

Azerbaijan, Baku, Sept.13 / Trend /

Trend Commentator Emil Ismailov

Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan have decided to double the amount of transportation of oil-related cargo within the Azerbaijan-Georgia corridor. This will benefit transit countries and shippers and ensure their energy security.

Kazakhstan's interest in this route is understandable. National company KazMunaiGas owns one of the largest oil terminals on the Black Sea at Batumi. In addition, this route can be used to provide the Rompetrol oil refinery in Romania, also owned by KMG, with raw materials. Earlier, Kazakhstan also repeatedly expressed an interest in the Samsun-Ceyhan oil pipeline passing through Turkey, and originating in the Black Sea. Regarding the importance of enhancing the corridor for Azerbaijan, the country will be able to increase its transit importance, which has both economic and strategic preferences. 

At present, the corridor transports about 10 million tons of oil per year. According to the decision of the sides, these amounts will increase to 20 million tons per year. The reconstruction and modernization of existing infrastructure and in some cases establishment of facilities from scratch is needed to increase the amount of cargo transportation.

Azerbaijan intends to fully reconstruction of the Baku-Boyuk Kesik railway across the border with Georgia to increase the amount of oil transportation by rail. The modernization of the electrification system, tracks, purchase of new locomotives and tanks were noted in the Azerbaijani railways development program approved in 2010.

Today, this route particularly transports Kazakh oil from the Tengiz field. From Baku the oil is transported by rail to the ports of Batumi and Kulevi (SOCAR) in Georgia. The development of the corridor is also theoretically possible not only by increasing the capacity of the railway, which is currently limited, but by involving pipelines that Azerbaijan currently owns. Moreover, the practice of transporting the Kazakh oil from the Tengiz field via the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline is already available. 
 

Previously, the possibility of transporting Kazakh oil through the Baku-Supsa and Baku-Novorossiysk has been repeatedly raised. At present, the participants of the project developing the block of the Azerbaijani offshore Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli fields ship oil via the Baku-Supsa oil pipeline.

Pumping the Kazakh oil through the Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline is not possible yet. Under the contract signed between Azerbaijan and Russia, the pipeline can pump only Azerbaijani oil; the contract does not envisage pumping of third countries' oil via the Baku-Novorossiysk. However, it has not been excluded that this issue can be reviewed.
 

The Kazakh side, in order to export its oil on world markets, is also considering the construction of a new Baku-Black Sea oil pipeline, mainly for Kazakh oil. However, this project is under development.

Today, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan are actively cooperating to create the Kazakhstan Caspian Transport System (KCTS), which is expected to transport Kazakh oil via Azerbaijan.

The national oil companies of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan - KMG and SOCAR - signed an agreement on basic principles of the implementation of the Kazakhstan Caspian Transportation System (KCTS) in 2008 in Baku. KCTS should provide an opportunity to transport oil to volume of 23 million tons, with a further increase of 35-56 million tons per year. At present, work is underway on a feasibility study.

After the collapse of the USSR, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan did not have sufficient funds of their own for major energy projects and foreign capital was attracted to the countries' oil sector for this purposes, but now both the Azerbaijani and Kazakh sides are fully participating in the world energy market. Each, guided by their own interests, is trying to develop their proposed ideas and options for the implementation of various energy projects. The further strengthening of the partnership between the two countries will increase the significance of oil supplies from Kazakhstan through Azerbaijan in the global energy balance. 
 

Энергетический коридор Казахстан-Азербайджан-Грузия имеет большие перспективы - обозреватель Trend

Азербайджан, Баку, 11 сентября /Trend/

Эмиль Исмайлов, обозреватель Trend

Азербайджан, Грузия и Казахстан приняли решение о двукратном увеличении объемов транспортировки нефтеналивных грузов в рамках коридора Азербайджан-Грузия. Это принесет выгоду и обеспечит энергетическую безопасность как  стран - транзитеров, так и грузоотправителей.

Заинтересованность Казахстана в этом маршруту понятна. Национальная компания "КазМунайГаз" является владельцем одного из крупнейших нефтеналивных терминалов на Черном море - Батуми. Кроме того, этот маршрут может быть использован в обеспечении сырьем нефтеперерабатывающего предприятия "Ромпетрол" (Румыния), также принадлежащего "КазМунайГазу". Ранее Казахстан также неоднократно проявлял интерес к нефтепроводу Самсун-Джейхан, проходящему по территории Турции и берущему свое начало на Черном море. Что касается значения расширения коридора для Азербайджана, то страна сможет увеличить свое транзитное значение, что имеет как экономические, так стратегические преференции.

В настоящее время по коридору транспортируется около 10 миллионов тонн нефти и нефтепродуктов в год. Согласно принятому сторонами решению, эти объемы планируется довести до 20 миллионов тонн в год. Для увеличения объемов транспортировки грузов необходима реконструкция и модернизация существующей инфраструктуры, а в некоторых случаях и создание объектов с нуля.

Для повышения объемов транспортировки нефти по железной дороге Азербайджан намерен провести полную реконструкцию железной дороги Баку - Беюк-Кесик (граница с Грузией). Модернизация системы электрификации, дорожного полотна, закупка новых локомотивов и цистерн уже отмечены в утвержденной в этом году программе развития железных дорог Азербайджана.

Сегодня по этому маршруту, в частности, транспортируется казахстанская нефть с месторождения "Тенгиз". Из Баку она отправляется по железной дороге в порты Батуми и Кулеви (SOCAR) в Грузии. Развитие коридора теоретически также возможно не только за счет увеличения мощности железной дороги, которая на данный момент ограничена. Это можно сделать путем задействования нефтепроводов, которыми на данный момент обладает Азербайджан. Тем более что практика транспортировки казахстанской нефти с месторождения "Тенгиз" по трубопроводу Баку - Тбилиси - Джейхан уже имеется.

Ранее неоднократно поднимался вопрос о возможности транспортировки казахской нефти по нефтепроводам Баку-Супса и Баку-Новороссийск. В настоящее время по нефтепроводу Баку-Супса отгружают свою нефть участники проекта разработки блока азербайджанских морских месторождений "Азери-Чираг-Гюнешли".

Прокачка казахстанской нефти по трубопроводу Баку-Новороссийск пока невозможна. Согласно контракту, подписанному между азербайджанской и российской сторонами, по трубопроводу может прокачиваться лишь нефть из Азербайджана, контракт не предусматривает прокачку по Баку-Новороссийск нефти третьих стран. Однако не исключается, что при наличии объемов и желания прокачки по этому маршруту этот вопрос может быть рассмотрен.

Казахстанская сторона в целях обеспечения вывоза своей нефти на мировые рынки также рассматривает возможность реализации проекта строительства нового нефтепровода Баку-Черное море, ориентированного в основном на казахстанскую нефть. Пока этот проект находится на стадии разработки.

Сегодня Азербайджан и Казахстан достаточно активно сотрудничают в рамках проекта создания Казахстанской каспийской системы транспортировки нефти, которая предполагается для транспортировки казахстанской нефти через территорию Азербайджана.

В конце 2008 года в Баку национальные нефтяные компании Казахстана и Азербайджана - "КазМунайГаз" и SOCAR - подписали соглашение по ККСТ. Оно должно обеспечить на начальном этапе возможность транспортировки кашаганской нефти через Каспий и Кавказ на мировые рынки в объеме 23 миллионов тонн с последующим увеличением до 35-56 миллионов тонн в год. В настоящее время ведутся работы по определению компании для подготовки технико-экономического обоснования.

Если после распада СССР Азербайджан и Казахстан не обладали достаточными средствами для реализации крупных энергетических проектов самостоятельно и, соответственно, для этих целей в нефтяной сектор стран был привлечен иностранный капитал, то сейчас как азербайджанская, так и казахстанская сторона являются не пассивными, а полноценными участниками мирового энергетического рынка. Каждая из сторон, руководствуясь собственными интересами, старается продвинуть предложенные идеи и варианты реализации тех или иных энергетических проектов. И в дальнейшем укрепление сотрудничества двух стран увеличит значение поставок нефти из Казахстана через Азербайджан в мировом энергетическом балансе.

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