A glance at Iran's petroleum products sector

A glance at Iran's petroleum products sector

By Dalga Khatinoglu

The overall picture of Iran's liquid fuels production, consumption level is clear; producing 230 million and consuming 219.5 million liter of gasoline, diesel, fuel oil and kerosene per day.

According to the latest report, published by Shana citing on Iran's Anti-Contraband And Currency Smuggling Headquarters, the country's liquid fuels production and consumption level have been decreased by 5 percent and 14 percent during the ten months of current fiscal year.

Iran's fiscal year starts on March 21.

Addressing the details of liquid fuels consumption, National Iranian Oil Products Distribution Company's Vice President Mansour Riyahi told IRNA two weeks ago that Iran consumed 250 million liters per day of various fuel production, including compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquid petroleum gas (LPG).

The statistics announced by Iranian officials for last 10 months:

Liquid fuel

Consumption

Y/Y change

Consumption in 2012

Gasoline

70 ml/d

2%

63.5 ml/d

Diesel

101.2 ml/d

- 3.3%

97.2 ml/d

LPG

11 ml/d

2.2 %

6,000 tons/d

Kerosene

9.7 ml/d

- 15%

12.3 ml/d

Fuel oil

38 ml/d

- 28%

51.7 ml/d

CNG

19 mcm/d

Unchanged

19 mcm/d

The reason for the decline in Iran's liquid fuel consumption is the significant increase in the country's gas delivery to power plants.

Iran increased supplying natural gas to power plants by 13 billion cubic meters (bcm) during last 11 months. It's expected that the diesel and fuel oil consumption in power sector would decrease from 27 billion liters in last your to 18.5 billion liters in current fiscal year, according to the Deputy Oil Minister for Planning and Supervision On Hydrocarbon Resources Mansour Moezzemi.

Iran also stopped gas-oil import, but still imports about 4.5 million liters of gasoline per day.

Decreasing fuel oil consumption also opened more room for fuel exports. According to the official statistics, Iran's petroleum exports and bunkering increased significantly during the current year.

Official statistics of petroleum trade in Iran's ports during last 11 months (ton)

Iran's ports

Oil products export

Oil products export during 11 M period of last year

Oil products import

Oil products import during 11 M period of last year

Emam Kheomeini

5,289,071

3,055,034

92,724

54,435

Khorramshahr

173

0

84

42

Abadan

0

0

53

162

Shaheed Rajaei

4,641,979

4,617,979

1,310,338

1,133,208

Shaheed Bahonar

39,315

44,263

96

33

Lengeh

987

0

35

20

Bushehr

331,792

410,871

20,213

10,216

Chabahar

0

0

41

40,849

Anzali

29

174

0

0

Noshahr

61

0

66,734

41,446

Amirabad

4

0

26,900

43,988

Neka

0

0

45,030

52,141

Fereidoon Kenar

0

0

9,090

2,978

Total

10,303,298

8,128,321

1,571,338

1,379,518

On the other hand, Iran bunkered over 3.1 million metric tons of fuel to ships sailing through the Gulf in the first ten months of the current Iranian calendar year, which indicates a 30 percent increase on year.

Mohammad Reza Mazloumi, an official with the National Iranian Oil Products Distribution Company said three million metric tons of fuel oil and 107,000 metric tons of gas oil were supplied to ships in the 10-month period, Iran's Shana news agency reported on Feb. 9.

Edited by CN

Dalga Khatinoglu is an expert on Iran's energy sector, head of Trend Agency's Iran news service.

Follow him on @dalgakhatinoglu

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