U.S., Europe lobby to put pressure on Iran

(AP) - The United States and Europe are lobbying other nations to join them this week in urging Iran to start talks on its uranium enrichment program and in warning of U.N. Security Council action if it doesn't documents shared with The Associated Press show.

Two position papers issued ahead of Monday's board meeting of the U.N.International Atomic Energy Agency reflects a concerted Western effort to persuade members of the 35-nation board to line up behind a six-nation offer to Iran to talk about its nuclear ambitions, reports Trend.

They also show Western commitment to secure a long-term Iranian moratorium on enrichment which can produce fuel or the fissile core of nuclear warheads even though Tehran initially is only asked to suspend such activity during the duration of any negotiations.

The texts, which were circulated among board member nations ahead of this week's meeting, were shared with the AP Sunday by diplomats accredited to the gathering who demanded anonymity because they were not authorized to show them to the media.

"We are ... encouraging all board members to make firm statements to call on Iran" to negotiate on the six-power offer, said the U.S. position paper. If Tehran declines, the text warned that the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France the five permanent Security Council members plus Germany "have agreed to pursue measures, including at the U.N. Security Council, (to) pressure the Iranian regime to change course."

The other text, issued by Britain, France and Germany, also warned that if Iran remains defiant, "the Security Council will have no choice but to increase the pressure on Iran."

"The most important step for building international confidence will be for Iran to refrain from all enrichment-related and reprocessing activities until international confidence is restored," said the European statement.

The U.S. text said the full suspension of enrichment-related and reprocessing activities was "essential if Iran is to succeed in building international confidence."

Diplomats who have been briefed on the six-nation offer told the AP that the emphasis on "rebuilding international confidence" is diplomatic language for demands for an enrichment freeze that would last years beyond the conclusion of any successful negotiations with Iran.

Long-term, verifiable suspension of enrichment is a "red line" for the United States and its key Western allies said one of the diplomats.

Still, said the diplomats, there could be divisions on enrichment among the six powers that signed off on the Iran package of incentives and potential punishments in Vienna earlier this month.

China, Russia, and potentially Germany, may be prepared to push to allow Iran some tightly controlled small-scale enrichment rather than to see negotiations founder. Additionally, Russia and China might balk at enforcing the penalties part of the package selective U.N. sanctions imposed on Iranian officials and activities.

In Cairo, chief Iranian nuclear negotiator Ali Larijani told reporters that Tehran would not accept the proposal if it contains any threats of punishment in case of rejection.

He also said the demands on enrichment are "unclear," while foreign ministry spokesman Hamid Reza Asefi said some components of the six-power package should be removed.

One of the diplomats in Vienna said the U.S.-European lobbying efforts were chiefly aimed at influential members of the Nonaligned Movement countries such as India, Egypt, Argentina and Brazil, which carry great weight among other bloc members and have broken ranks in recent months to support Iran's referral to the Security Council.

The Nonaligned Movement, the world's biggest bloc after the United Nations, emphatically backed Iran in its nuclear standoff with the West at a foreign ministers' meeting in Malaysia last month.

Iran insists it will not give up its right to enrich uranium and produce nuclear fuel as allowed by the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, to which it is a signatory.

Delegates to the board meeting at the IAEA's Vienna headquarters are not expected to focus on Iran until midweek, after they have dealt with other matters, mostly technical.

They will review the two latest reports by IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei focusing on Iran's enrichment efforts and documenting lack of progress by agency inspectors seeking information on activities and documents that could be linked to a nuclear weapons program.

The board forwarded Iran's nuclear file to the Security Council early this year and after a series of IAEA board resolutions taking Iran to task for hindering probes into its nuclear program and more recently urging it to re-impose a freeze on enrichment.

Subscribe to Trend in Google News! Subscribe
Truck collides with passenger bus in Baku (PHOTO)
Truck collides with passenger bus in Baku (PHOTO)
Nizami Ganjavi International Center hosts side event as part of UN General Assembly's 76th session  (VIDEO)
Nizami Ganjavi International Center hosts side event as part of UN General Assembly's 76th session (VIDEO)
Indian gov't says 75 pct of stolen heritage returned during last seven years
Indian gov't says 75 pct of stolen heritage returned during last seven years
Loading Bars
Italian Embassy expresses condolences to Azerbaijan over military helicopter crash
Georgian economy grows 6.9% in October 2021
Turkish President to pay visit to Qatar in December
Capacity of crashed military helicopter was 24 people
Manual counting of 29% of protocols show that 7 parties may enter Kyrgyz Parliament
AZAL plane makes emergency landing in Baku
Pakistan seeking to increase trade routes on border with Iran
UN Resident Coordinator expresses condolences over military helicopter crash in Azerbaijan
Any outside influence as cause of helicopter crash out of question - head of Azerbaijani State Border Service
Coordination Headquarters holds another meeting in Azerbaijan (PHOTO)
Azerbaijan's First Deputy Prosecutor General talks investigation, following helicopter crash
Former Turkish PM expresses condolences over helicopter crash in Azerbaijan
French ambassador expresses condolences over crash of military helicopter in Azerbaijan
UK's Ambassador expresses condolences over crash of military helicopter in Azerbaijan
Organization of Turkic States expresses condolences to Azerbaijan due to helicopter crash
Israeli ambassador expresses condolences to Azerbaijan over helicopter crash
Iranian Foreign Ministry expresses condolences to Azerbaijan over helicopter crash
Helicopter crashed while landing at Garaheybat training center – Azerbaijani State Border Service
Status of martyr to be assigned to those killed in plane crash in Azerbaijan (VIDEO)
Turkish President Erdogan holds phone talks with President Ilham Aliyev
President Ilham Aliyev, First Lady Mehriban Aliyeva give instructions on burial of those killed in helicopter crash
Witnesses of helicopter crash being questioned in Azerbaijan – First Deputy Prosecutor General
Turkish Minister of National Defense expresses condolences to Azerbaijani Defense Minister
Flight recorder of crashed military helicopter found in Azerbaijan
Pakistani companies may partake in restoration of Azerbaijan's liberated territories (PHOTO)
Iran looks to boost its energy trade through Economic Cooperation Organization
Iran's ties with Economic Cooperation Organization to boost country's cargo transit
Azerbaijan excludes any outside interference following deadly helicopter crash
IRENEX shares data on sales of Iranol Oil Company
Gas swap agreement is mutually beneficial for Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkmenistan - experts
ICIEC Signs MOU with Japan's Nippon Export and Investment Insurance (NEXI)
Israel's Bezeq Q3 profit up, raises full year outlook
Iran seeks to boost trade ties with Turkmenistan
Pakistan expects $3 billion reserves deposit from Saudi in days
Iran eyes to commission 12 new metro stations in Tehran
Oxford University says no evidence yet that vaccines won't protect against severe disease from Omicron
SOCAR’s STAR Refinery reduces crude oil imports
Iran remains optimistic about Vienna nuclear talks
FMs of Azerbaijan, Turkey hold phone talk
Turkmenistan's crude oil supplies to Turkey down
Azerbaijan's oil export volume down in 10M2021
Footage from crash scene of military helicopter of Azerbaijan’s State Fire Service (PHOTO/VIDEO)
U.S. Int'l Development Finance Corporation provides financing to Bank of Georgia for SMEs support
Kazakhstan boosts crude oil exports to Turkey
Iran's president to speak before parliament
Kazakhstan increases trade with Turkey over 9M2021
Use of Sputnik Light as booster jab for all vaccines approved in UAE
Cargo transportation via internal waters up in Kazakhstan
Central Bank of Azerbaijan reveals amount of sold foreign currency
Azerbaijan shares data on number of vaccinated citizens
Azerbaijan confirms 1,678 more COVID-19 cases, 1,934 recoveries
Azerbaijan opens criminal case on crash of military helicopter of State Border Service
Iran extends condolences to Azerbaijan over military helicopter crash
Turkey talks ongoing support in demining Azerbaijan's liberated lands
Azerbaijan reveals names of dead and wounded in military helicopter crash
Iran beats sets new domestic record regarding transit of goods
President Ilham Aliyev and First Lady Mehriban Aliyeva express condolences to families of those killed in crash of military helicopter of State Border Service
Georgian, Ukrainian, and Moldovan PMs hold meeting in Brussels
Alliance Logistics talks potential of Zangazur corridor in increasing goods transit via Azerbaijan
Uzbek Statistics Committee reveals amount of construction work done for 10M2021
Volume of gas transportation to Turkey via TANAP disclosed
Several Azerbaijani organizations address citizens on omicron coronavirus variant
It is important to cooperate with such partners as Azerbaijan - Head of EU Delegation
Iran reveals COVID-19 data for November 30
Kazakhstan’s oil-producing company to buy batteries via tender
Azerbaijan unveils numbers of mine incidents due to illegal entry into liberated lands
Turkish MoD expresses condolences to Azerbaijan on military helicopter crash victims
Russia, Italy discuss situation in South Caucasus
Georgian Government to co-op with private sector – Business Association
UK health chief says no indication of Omicron wave so far
SOCAR Turkey forecasts growth in its total revenues for 2021
Webinar conference held for youth from Central Asia (PHOTO)
Export prices of Georgian apples increase
Azerbaijani State Customs Committee comments on alleged reduction of $300 limit for orders from abroad
Kazakhstan sees increase in pension savings
Volume of loans issued by private banks of Uzbekistan increases over year
Iran shares import data
Money transfers via Kazakhstan National Bank's payment systems down
Iran increases sale of state assets
Nepal unveils first shock table facility built with Indian aid
Non-OPEC crude oil supply to continue upward trend by 2023
Iran eyes manufacturing goods in Syria, exporting final products to third countries
Azerbaijan to launch social package in 2022 – minister
UAE's ADNOC to supply full crude volumes to Asia buyers in Feb
Azerbaijani president signs order to erect monument to famous poet in Baku
President Ilham Aliyev receives Pakistani Defense Production Minister (VIDEO)
Azerbaijan repairs Shaki ferry ship at Zigh Ship Repair and Construction Yard
Azerbaijan reveals electricity generated by power plants in October 2021
Kazakhstan's banks increase lending over 10M2021
Azerbaijan to develop single mobile app for various types of insurance – Central Bank
AZAL discloses reason for Baku-Nakhchivan flight delay
Georgia’s potato exports to Central Asia up
Russia records 32,648 new daily coronavirus cases, lowest number since Oct 15
Uzbekistan shares data on loan portfolio of its banks in 10M2021
Iran eyes increase in value of exports – IRICA
Georgia’s hazelnut exports continue to increase
Kazakhstan’s Samruk-Kazyna opens tender on car renting services
Azerbaijan’s Central Bank eyes introducing innovation in insurance sector
Georgia’s GDP to reach European level – minister
German companies sign contracts with Azerbaijan in railway construction
All news